Cover - FAO Legislative Study No. 78

FAO LEGISLATIVE STUDY
78

Law and Modern Biotechnology

Selected Issues of Relevance
to Food and Agriculture

Lyle Glowka
for the
FAO Legal Office

 
Table of Contents
   
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2003

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-104972-6
ISSN 1014-6679

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© FAO 2003

 


Table of Contents

FOREWORD

List of abbreviations

Executive Summary

INTRODUCTION

I. BASIS FOR THE STUDY

1.1. Methodology of the study and format

II. THE NATURE OF INSTRUMENTS ADDRESSING BIOTECHNOLOGY

2.1. Regulatory trigger: process versus product

III. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN POLICY-MAKING AND REGULATORY DECISION-MAKING

3.1. Access to information

3.1.1. International treatment of access to information
3.1.2. National level treatment of access to information

3.2. Labelling

3.2.1. Food labelling at the international and national levels
3.2.2. Labelling related to biosafety at international and national levels

3.3. Public participation in policy and decision-making

3.3.1. Public participation in policy-making
3.3.2. Public participation in decision-making

IV. OVERSIGHT MECHANISMS

4.1. Designating existing or establishing new institutions
4.2. Safety assessment

4.2.1. Risk assessment
4.2.2. Risk management

4.2.2.1. Post approval monitoring and other responsibilities
4.2.2.2. Labelling
4.2.2.3. Traceability

4.3. Decision-making

4.3.1. Decision-making considerations other than environment and human health
4.3.2. Mechanisms to ensure greater accountability in decision-making

4.3.2.1. Criteria for decision-making
4.3.2.2. Publicly available rationale
4.3.2.3. Access to judicial or administrative review

V. GENERAL CONCLUSIONS ON GAPS AND TRENDS AND AREAS FOR POSSIBLE FUTURE WORK

5.1. General conclusions on gaps and trends and areas for possible future work with regard to public participation
5.2. General conclusions on gaps and trends and areas for possible future work with regard to oversight mechanisms

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS RELATED TO MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY

Biotechnology Industry Organization (United States of America)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and World Health Organization
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
United Nations Commission on Economic Co-operation in Europe
United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development
United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations General Assembly
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
World Conservation Union
World Trade Organization (WTO)

SELECTED NATIONAL AND REGIONAL INSTRUMENTS RELATED TO MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY

AFRICA

African Union
South Africa
Tunisia

NEAR EAST

Egypt

NORTH AMERICA

Canada

LATIN AMERICA

Andean Community
Brazil
Costa Rica
Cuba
Mexico
Peru

ASIA

Asean
China
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand

EUROPE

European Union
France
United Kingdom

South West Pacific

Australia

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS RELATED TO MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY

SYNOPTIC TABLES
REFERENCES

BACK COVER


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