This document contains the report of, and the papers presented at, the FAO Workshop on the Implementation of the 1995 FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries in the Pacific Islands: A Call to Action which was held in Nadi, Fiji, from 27 to 31 October 2003. The goals of the Workshop were to facilitate a greater understanding of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries among all stakeholders involved in fisheries in the Pacific Islands; to foster steps towards the more effective implementation of the Code in the region; to encourage fishery policy revisions reflecting the objectives and general principles of the Code and to encourage an inclusive approach to management whereby stakeholders are involved in the development and review processes and the implementation of measures rather than an exclusive process where stakeholders are largely excluded from the processes. In the course of its deliberations, the Workshop addressed the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and its framework; legal considerations and issues relating to the Code; responsible fisheries management; responsible fishing operations; responsible aquaculture and inland fisheries; responsible post-harvest practices and trade and the integration of fisheries into coastal area management. In addition, there was a role-playing exercise concerning making responsible decisions about fisheries. To enhance the participatory nature of the Workshop, five Working Groups were formed. They focused on fisheries management, fishing operations, aquaculture and inland fisheries development, post-harvest practices and trade and the integration of fisheries into coastal area management. Each Working Group developed conclusions and recommendations. The Workshop endorsed several national, regional and global follow-up actions. The Workshop was funded by the FAO FishCode Programme through Project GCP/INT/823/JPN (SIDS: Responsible Fisheries for Small Island Developing States) and the FAO Regular Programme.