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The FAO Watershed Management Field Manual Is published within the FAO Conservation Guide Series as Conservation Guide W13 and will consist of seven separate volumes:

Watershed Survey and Planning (this Volume)

Slope Treatment Measures and Practices

Vegetative and Soil Treatment Practices

Road Design and Construction in Sensitive Watersheds

Landslide Prevention Measures

Gully Control

Water Harvesting

The objective of this Manual is to assist professionals concerned with the planning and implementation of watershed management activities by providing practical information supported by examples from a wide variety of situations. However, the watershed situation in each country is unique and h is impossible to provide step by step solutions which will apply In any specific area. The user of the Manual is therefore, Invited to add the local experience and information deemed necessary.

We wish to acknowledge the valuable work of Mr T.C. Sheng, Professor. Department of Earth Resources. Colorado State University on which this Volume was based. Mr S. Dembner, FAO Consultant, edited the first draft on which many useful comments and suggestions were received from the land and Water Development division of FAO's Agriculture Department and from the Policy and Planning Service of the Forestry Department. It has been prepared for publication by Mr LS. Botero and Mr T. Michaelsen of the Forest and Widlands Conservation Branch. It Is hoped that the publication will be useful to all orofessionals Involved in watershed management activities.


This document is a guide for watershed managers and planners, providing basic knowledge and practical approaches for the survey and planning of small upland watersheds with combinations of forest, cultivated and grazing lands and populated mostly by small farmers. The manual consists of three pans. The first part gives an overall Introduction and explains what preparatory work is needed. The second parts covers survey approaches and techniques together with specific examples. The third part describes planning and plan formulation

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