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Further information websites, books, videos and CDs

· Sustainable livelihoods approaches

Ashley, C. & Carney, D. 1999. Sustainable livelihoods: lessons from early experience. DFID, London.

Chambers, R. & Conway, G.R. 1992. Sustainable rural livelihoods: practical concepts for the twenty-first century. IDS Discussion Paper, Institute Dev. Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

· Pollination

Delaplane, K. & Mayer, D.2000. Crop pollination by bees. CABI, Wallingford, UK. Free, J.B. 1999. Pollination in the tropics. Beekeeping & Development, 50: 10-11; 51: 6-7; 53: 4-5.

Roubik, D.W. 1995. Pollination of cultivated plants in the tropics. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 118. FAO, Rome, Italy.

Sommeijer, M. & De Ruitjer, A. 2000. Insect pollination in greenhouses. Hilvaren-beek: Research Centre for Insect Pollination and Beekeeping; Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

· Video

Partap, U. 2001. Warning signals from the Apple Valleys. 31 minutes. PAL/VHS.

· Online resources

DFID Livelihoods Connect:

Inter-agency Experiences and Lessons: DFID/FAO forum on operationalizing sustainable livelihoods approaches (available at

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD):

Overseas Development Institute (ODI):


United Nations Development Programme Sustainable Livelihoods Unit:

· Bees around the world

Crane, E. 1999. The world history of beekeeping and honey hunting. Duckworth. London.

O'Toole, C. & Raw, A. 1999. Bees of the world. Cassell. London, UK

Michener, C.D. 2000. The bees of the world. Johns Hopkins University Press. London.

Velthuis, H. 1997. The biology of stingless bees. Utrecht University; Utrecht, The Netherlands & University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Winston, M. 1991. The biology of the honeybee. Harvard University Press. Boston, Mass., USA.

· Videos

Al-Alawi, H.B.S. 1996. The documentary: honeybees in Oman. 45 minutes. PAL/VHS.

Kasterberger, G. 1999. The magic trees of Assam. 51 minutes. PAL/VHS/NTSC.

Kasterberger, G. 2000. Defence strategies of giant honeybees. 23 minutes. PAL/VHS/NTSC.


Freitas, B.M. 1999. A vida das abelhas. Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortelaza, Brazil. (In Portuguese).

· Honey

Gonnet, M. & Vache, G. 1989. Ataste of honey. Bucharest, Apimondia Publishing House.

Sawyer, R. 1988. Honey identification. Cardiff, UK, Cardiff Academic Press.

Sommeijer, M., Beetsma, J., Boot, W., Robberts, E.J. & De Vries, R. 1997. Perspectives for honey production in the tropics. NECTAR. Utrecht, The Netherlands.

· Beeswax

Battershill, N., Constable, D., Crouch, L., Duffin, L. & Pinder, P. 1996. Beeswax crafts. Search Press. Tunbridge Wells, UK.

Millington, D. 1992. Traditional methods of candle making. ITPublications. London.

· Other products from bees

D'Albore, G.R. 1997. Textbook of melissopalynology. Apimondia Publishing House. Bucharest, Romania.

· Making value-added products

Bianchi, E.M. 1990. Control de calidad de la miel y la cera. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 68/3. FAO, Rome, Italy. (In Spanish).

Krell, R. 1996. Value-added products from beekeeping. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 124. FAO, Rome, Italy.

(Also available at:

Riches, H.R. 1997. Mead: making, exhibiting and judging. Bee Books New and Old. Charlestown, UK.

White, E. 1995. Soap: seventy tried and true ways to make modern soap with herbs, beeswax and vegetable oils. Valley Hills Press. Starkville, USA.

· Video

Wendorf, H. 1999. Beekeeping in development. 81 minutes. PAL/VHS.

· Apitherapy

Kaal, J. 1991. Natural medicine from honeybees. Kaal's Printing House. Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Riches, H. 2001. Medical aspects of beekeeping. HR Books. Northwood, UK.


Cherbuliez, T. & Domerego, R. 2001. Medicine from the bees. Apimondia Standing Commission for Apitherapy. Apimondia. Rome, Italy. (In English, French and Spanish.).

· Online resource

Apimondia Standing Commission for Apitherapy:

· Beekeeping in brief: how it is done

Aidoo, K. 1999. The Saltpond hive. Beekeeping & Development, 50: 6-7.

Clauss, B. 1991. Zambian beekeeping handbook. Beekeeping Division of the Forestry Department. Ndola, Zambia.

Collins, P. & Solomon, G. 1999. Proceedings of the First Caribbean Beekeeping Congress, 1998. Tobago Apicultural Society and Tobago House of Assembly. Trinidad and Tobago.

Cornejo, L.G. 1993. Apicultura práctica en América Latina. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 105. FAO, Rome, Italy. (In Spanish).

DFID. 2000. Bees for wealth and health: Wambui finds out. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Nairobi, Kenya.

Matsuka, M., Verma, L.R., Wongsiri, S., Shrestha, K.K. & Partap, U. 2000. Asian bees and beekeeping. IBH Publishing Company Ltd. New Delhi, India and Oxford, UK.

Ministry of Agriculture. 1991. Beekeeping handbook. Ministry of Agriculture. Gaborone, Botswana.

Sakho, K. 1999. Sustainability in Senegal: the Vautier hive. Beekeeping & Development 51: 3-5.

· Videos

Agriculture man ecology. 1995. Bees, beekeeping and ecological agriculture. 23 minutes. PAL/VHS.

Clauss, B. 1995. African honeybees: how to handle them in top-bar hives. 22 minutes. PAL/VHS.

Keystone Foundation. 2000. Honey hunters of the Blue Mountains. 30 minutes. PAL/VHS.

Wendorf, H. 1999. Beekeeping in development. 81 minutes. PAL/VHS.

· Promoting beekeeping as a source of livelihoods

Bradbear, N. 2001. Honey market eco-protectionism? Beekeeping & Development 59: 1.

Bradbear, N., Fisher, E. & Jackson, H. 2002. Sustainable strengthening livelihoods: exploring the role of beekeeping in development. Bees for Development. Troy, UK. ISBN 1 898807 01 9.

Kevan, P. 1996. The Asiatic hive bee: apiculture, biology and role in sustainable development in tropical and subtropical Asia. Enviroquest Ltd. Ontario, Canada.

· Video

Wendorf, H. 1999. Beekeeping in development. 81 minutes. PAL/VHS.

· Case studies

Disabled beekeepers - agro-industries development

Craft Aid. 2001 Small enterprise development. (Available at and

Duggan, M.R. & Draper, P. 2001. Craft Aid in Rodrigues: Bees and Disabled People. Beekeeping & Development 58: 6-7.

Organizations for beekeepers


Apimondia is the World Federation of Beekeepers' Associations. The Apimondia congress, organized every two years, is the major international event for everyone involved with any aspect of beekeeping. Apimondia publishes a quarter journal, Apiacta, that contains bee research for beekeepers. Apimondia can assist with information on any aspect of apiculture. Further information from:

Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, 101
00186 Roma
Fax: +39 06685 2287

Asian Apiculture Association (AAA)

The AAA organizes a conference in Asia every second year, and alternates with the Apimondia congress. The AAA operates a network of Asian beekeepers. Further information from:

Asian Apiculture Association
Honeybee Science Research Centre
Tamagawa University
Tokyo 194 8610
Fax: +81 427 398 854

· Bees for Development (BfD)

Bees for Development is an NGO based in the United Kingdom that assists beekeepers in developing countries. BfD organizes training, provides information and publishes the international journal Beekeeping & Development. Further information from:

Bees for Development

Monmouth NP25 4AB
United Kingdom
Fax: +44 (0)16007 16167

· Ilustrations

All images © Nicola Bradbear.

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