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ANNEXES

Annex I
LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

ROUND TABLE MEETING ON THE INTEGRATION OF DISABLED PEOPLE IN AGRICULTURAL AND AGRO-INDUSTRY SYSTEMS

13–15 May 1997
Bangkok, Thailand

A. INTERNATIONAL
 
BANGLADESHMrs. Fahmeeda Wahab
Development Adviser
Canadian High Commission
House No. 16/A, Road No. 48
Gulshan Dhaka 1212
 
Tel:      880-2 607071-7
Fax:     880-2 886585
E-mail: fahmeeda.wahab@dhaka01.x400.gc.ca
  
CAMBODIAMr. Marc Bonnet
Programme Director
Handicap International
P.O. Box No. 838
Phnom Penh
 
Tel:      (855-23) 427300/427208
Fax:     (855-23) 426270
Mobile: 855-15920914
E-mail: hianscambodge@pactok.peg.apc.org
  
JAPANMr. Eiichi Takada
President
Japanese Federation of the Deaf
SK Building, 130 Yamabuki-cho
Shinjuku-ku
Tokyo 162
 
Tel:      81-3-3268-8847
Fax:     81-3-3267-3445
  
SRI LANKAMr. Cyril Siriwardane
Subject Matter Specialist on Motor Disability
11/3 Post Office Road
Homagama
 
Tel:      94-1-855188
Fax:     94-1-447674 (c/o Mrs. Kalyani Ranasinghe)
            or 95-1-689287 REHAB LANKA
  
VIETNAMMr. Bui Ngoc Quynh
Expert of Social Welfare
Department of Social Protection
Ministry of Labour Invalid and Social Welfare (MOLISA)
2 Dinh le Street
Hanoi
 
Tel:      84-4 8269514
Fax:     84-4 8254728
E-mail: Ird@Netnam.Org.VN
  
B. NATIONAL 
  
THAILANDMr. Prayat Punong-ong
President of Christian Foundation for the Blind
214 Moo 6 Pracharak Road, Muang, P.O. Box 88
Khon Kaen 40000
 
Tel:      (043) 242098, 239499
Fax:     (043) 243448
 
Mr. Jaruwat Mongkoltanatas
Senior Agricultural Engineer
 
Dr. Thanya Kiatiwat
Head
 
Crop Production Engineering Research Group
Agricultural Engineering Division
Department of Agriculture
Bangkhen
Bangkok 10900
 
Tel:      (662)9405583
Fax:     (662) 5790225
 
Mrs. Johanne Hanko
Consultant
352 Mooban Panya, Pattanakarn Road
Pravet, Bangkok 10250
 
Tel:      (662) 300 2307
Mobile: 01 935 4056
Fax:     (662) 4395467
E-mail: panocean@ksc15.th.com
 
C. RESOURCE PERSONS AND OBSERVERS
  
CAMBODIAMr. Sumsombo
Coordinator Social Economical Programme
Handicap International Representative
P.O. Box 838
Phnom Penh
 
Tel:      (855-23) 427300/427298
Fax:     (855-23) 426270
Mobile: 855-15920914
  
JAPANMs. Michie Shigihara
Sign Language Interpreter
Japanese Federation of the Deaf
SK Building, 130 Yamabuki-cho
Shinjuku-ku
Tokyo 162
 
Tel:      81-3-3268-8847
Fax:     81-3-3267-3445
  
KOREA, REP. OFMr. Hak Mook Kim
President
Korean Society for Celebral Society
 
Tel:      933-9478
  
THAILANDSenator Narong Patibatsarakich
Chairperson Asia Pacific Regional Council (DPI) and General Secretary
Foundation for Support and Development of Disabled Persons
78/2 Tivanon Road, Pak Kred
Nonthaburi 11120
 
Tel:      (662) 583 3031
Mobile: 01-812 9143
Fax:     (662) 583 6518
 
Ms. Kanittha Dhevinpukdi
Senior Expert Social Work
Public Welfare Department
Krung-kasem Road, Pomprab
Bangkok 10100
 
Tel:      (662) 2813199
 
Ms. Chitra Sirisomboonlarp
Public Welfare Officer
Office of the Committee on Rehabilitation for Disabled Persons
Department of Public Welfare
Krung-kasem Road, Bangkok 10100
 
Tel:      (662) 2821672, 2823853
 
Mrs. Sunee Saisupatpon
Head of Funds for Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons
Office of Committee of Rehabilitation for Disabled Persons
Department of Public Welfare
Krung-kasem Road
Bangkok 10100
 
Tel:      (662) 2823853, 2821472, 2813199 ext. 7007
Fax:     (662) 2823853
 
Ms. Kannika Saruasuwan
Head of Education and Rehabilitation for the Blind - Roi-et
Education and Rehabilitation Centre for the Blind
49 Rachakandumneon Road, Roi-et 45000
 
Tel:      (043) 512989
Fax:     (043) 512988
 
Ms. Sai-kwan Prasittipayong
Project Development Manager
50 K.U.A. Building
Paholyothin Road
Bangkok
 
Tel:      (662) 9405525, 9405488, 9405925
Fax:     (662) 9405266
 
Mr. Suthipong Rattianasat
Association of the Physically Handicapped of Thailand (APHT)
73/7, Soi Tivanond 8, Talad Kwan
Muang, Nonthaburi 11000
 
Tel:      (662) 9510567
Fax:     (662) 9510569
 
Mr. Topong Kulkhanchit
Advisor
Association of the Physically Handicapped of Thailand (APHT)
73/7, Soi Tivanond 8, Talad Kwan
Muang, Nonthaburi 11000
 
Tel:      (662) 9510567
Fax:     (662) 9510569
 
Ms. Poungkeo Kichtham
375 New Road 45
Bang rak
Bangkok 10500
 
Tel:      (662) 2373817
 
Ms. Duangkamol Wattanasuk
CBR Manager, HI (Thailand)
CBR Co-ordinating Centre
Sirindhorn National Medical Rehabilitation Centre
Soi Bamrajnaradool, Tivanon Road
Amphur Munag
Nonthaburi 11000
 
Tel:      (662) 9659066
Fax:     (662) 5915455 ext 2
 
SWEDENMs. Gunilla Hogling
Programme Officer
Swedish Organization of the Handicapped International Aid Association (SHIA)
P.O. Box 4060
 
Tel:      +46(0)8-4623366
Fax:     +46(0)8-7145922
E-mail: gunilla@shia.se.
  
D. U.N. AGENCIES 
  
ESCAPMs. San Yuen Wah
Social Affairs Officer
 
Mr. Yutaka Takamine
Project Expert on Disability
 
Ms. Anneth Hjalmefjord
Associate Expert on Disability
 
Disadvantaged Groups Section
Social Development Division
ESCAP
United Nations Building
Rajadamneon Road
Bangkok 10200
THAILAND
 
Tel:      (662) 2881234
Fax:     (662) 2881030
 
Dr. Zia Ur Rahman
Project Manager
Regional Network for Agricultural Machinery (RNAM)
ESCAP
Room No. 1507 A, 15th Floor
United Nations Building
Rajdamneon Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200
 
Tel:      (662) 288 1483
Fax:     (662) 288 1068
E-mail: rahman.unescap@un.org
  
ILOMs. Barbara Murray
Vocational Rehabilitation Specialist
ILO/Easmat
10th Floor, U.N. Building
Rajadmneon Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200
 
Tel:      (662) 280 1792
  
FAO/ROMEMr. Lawrie Jacobson
Human Resources Officer (Disability Matters)
Rural Development Division (SDAD)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Room B-590B
Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome
ITALY
 
Tel:      39-6 522 53880
Fax:     39-6 522 53250
E-mail: lawrence-jacobson@fao.org.
  
FAO/RAPMr. Soetatwo Hadiwigeno
Assistant Director-General and
FAO Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific
 
Mr. Alastair Hicks
Senior Regional Agricultural Engineering and Agro Industries Officer
 
Dr. Narong Chomchalow
Regional Plant Production Officer (Commercial Crops)
 
Ms. R. Balakrishnan
Regional Women in Development Officer
 
Mr. W.J. Polman
Regional Rural Development Officer
 
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200
 
Tel:      (662) 281 7844 ext. 194
Fax:     (662) 280 0445

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMISSION FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Fourteenth session of the RICAP Subcommittee on Disability-related Concerns
14–15 May 1997
Bangkok

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

CHINA

Mr. Sun Zhonghua, Commissioner, International Department, Secretariat, Coordination Commission on Disabilities, State Council, Beijing

PHILIPPINES

Mr. George D. Esguerra, Director III, Transportation Planning Service, Department of Transportation and Communications, Mendeluyong City

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

Mr. Kim Jin Woo, Deputy Director, Disabled Persons' Welfare Division, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Seoul

Mr. Choi Jong Kil, Representative, Korean Society for Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities, Seoul

THAILAND

Ms. Kanittha Dhevinpukdi, Director, Office of the Committee for Rehabilitation for Disabled Persons, Department of Public Welfare, Bangkok

Mr. Paradorn Tanyapan, Architect, Design Division, Department of Public Works, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration 2, Bangkok

Ms. Chitra Sirisomboomlarp, Public Welfare Officer, Department of Public Welfare, Bangkok

VIET NAM

Mr. Bui Ngoc Quynh, Subject Matter Specialist, Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, Hanoi

UNITED NATIONS BODIES

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)Ms. Margaret de Monchy, Regional Project Officer on Child Protection, UNICEF, Bangkok
United Nations Fund for Women (UNIFEM)Ms. Evelyn Sundaravej, National Consultant, UNIFEM, Bangkok

SPECIALIZED AGENCIES

International Labour Organization (ILO)Ms. Barbara Murray, Vocational Rehabilitation Specialist, ILO, Bangkok
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)Mr. Lawrence W. Jacobson, Human Resources Officer (Disability Matters), Rural Development Division, FAO, Rome
Mr. P.A. Hicks, Senior Regional Agricultural Engineering and Agro Industries Officer, FAO/ROAP, Bangkok
Mr. W. J. Polman, Rural Development Officer, FAO, Bangkok
Ms. Zaengel Felicia, FAO, Bangkok
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)Ms. Hendrikje Maat, Associate Expert in Special Education, UNESCO/PROAP, Bangkok
World Health Organization (WHO)Dr. Enrico Pupulin, Chief Medical Officer, Rehabilitation Unit, WHO, Geneva
Dr. Han Tun, Officer on Special Duty, WHO Liaison Office with ESCAP, Bangkok

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Asian and Pacific Cerebral Palsy Association (APCPA)Dr. Hak Mook Kim, President, APCPA, Seoul
Ms. Anne Clark, Vice President, APCPA, Sydney
Mr. Soo Woong Baik, Secretary General, KSCP, APCPA, Seoul
Christoffel-Blindenmission (CBM)Mr. Michael Davies, Regional Representative, CBM-SEAPRO, Manila
CBR Development and Training Centre (CBR-DTC)Dr. Handojo Tjandrakusuma, Director, CBR-DTC, Solo
Mr. Douglas Krefting, Programme Development Manager, CBR-DTC, Dhaka
Dr. Herman Sukarman, Training Department, CBR-DTC, Solo
Ms. Heny Soelistyowati, CBR-DTC, Solo
Disabled Peoples' International (DPI)Senator Narong Patibatsarakich, Chairman, Asia-Pacific Regional Council, DPI, Bangkok
Handicap International (HI)Mr. Marc Bonnet, Programme Development Manager, HI, Phnom Penh
Ms. Duangkamol Wattanasuk, CBR Programme Manager, HI, Bangkok
Ms. Valerie Maille, Regional Coordinator, HI Liaison Office (India, Nepal, Bangladesh)
Mr. Sum Sombo, PRES Coordinator, HI, Phnom Penh
International League of Societies for Persons with Mental Handicap (ILSMH)Dr. Varunee Komkris, Representative, ILSMH, Bangkok
Regional NGO Network for the Promotion of the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons (RNN)Mr. Ichiro Maruyama, Secretary General, RNN, Tokyo
Dr. Joseph Kwok, Hon. Secretary, RI Regional Committee for Asia and the Pacific, RNN Member, Hong Kong
Rehabilitation International (RI)Mr. Ryosuke Matsui, Vice President, Asia-Pacific Region, RI, Tokyo
Save the Children Fund (U.K)Mr. Douglas C. Lackey, Head, East and Southeast Asia Regional Office, SCF, Bangkok
World Blind Union (WBU)Mr. Pecharat Techavachara, Representative, WBU, Bangkok
World Federation of the Deaf (WFD) Mr. Eiichi Takada, Director, WFD, President, Japanese Federation of the Deaf, Tokyo
Ms. Michie Shigihara, Sign Language Interpreter, WFD, Tokyo

OBSERVERS

Mrs. Fahmeeda Rahman Wahab, Development Adviser, Canadian High Commission, Dhaka

Mr. Prayat Punong-ong, President, Christian Foundation for the Blind in Thailand/Disabled Peoples' International (DPI), Bangkok.

Ms. Kannika Sarausuwan, Christian Foundation for the Blind in Thailand, Muang, Khon Kaen

Ms. Sawart Pramoonsilp, Board Member, Foundation for the Employment Promotion of the Blind, and Member, Steering Committee, Regional Network of Women with Disabilities, Bangkok

Mr. Somchai Rungsilp, Foundation for Handicapped Children, Bangkok

Mr. Surasak Chittasettakul, Treasurer, National Association of the Deaf of Thailand (NADT), Bangkok

Ms. Poungkao Kichtham, Sign Language Interpreter, National Association of the Deaf of Thailand (NADT), Bangkok

Mr. Chonsawat Nilapat, National Association of the Deaf in Thailand (NADT), Bangkok

Ms. Nilawan Pitipat, National Association of the Deaf in Thailand (NADT), Bangkok

Mr. Phairoj Charoenwilaisiri, National Association of the Deaf in Thailand (NADT), Bangkok

Ms. Johanne Hanko, Pan Ocean Technologies Co., Ltd., Bangkok

Mr. Eiji Jo, Saori Hiroba, Osaka

Mr. Haruo Nakayama, Saori Hiroba, Osaka

Mr. Cyril Siriwardene, Hony. Secretary, Sri Lanka Foundation for the Rehabilitation of the Disabled, Homagama, Sri Lanka

Ms. Gunilla Hogling, Programme Officer, Swedish Organization of Handicapped International Aid Foundation (SHIA), Stockholm

Mr. Yoshio Murakami, Executive Director, Tanpopo-No-Ye Foundation, Tokyo

SECRETARIAT

Mr. Adrianus MooyExecutive Secretary
  
Mr. Sivasankaran ThampiActing Special Assistant to the
Executive Secretary
_____________
  
Mr. Bienvenido RolaOfficer-in-Charge, a.i.
Social Development Division
Chief
Disadvantaged Groups Section
  
Ms. Nanda KrairikshChief
Human Resources Development Section
Social Development Division
  
Ms. San YuenwahSocial Affairs Officer
Disadvantaged Groups Section
Social Development Division
  
Mr. Joop TheunissenSocial Affairs Officer
Human Resources Development Section
Social Development Division
  
Mr. Yutaka TakamineProject Expert
Disadvantaged Groups Section
Social Development Division
  
Mr. Katsushi SatoProject Expert on Accessible Environments
Disadvantaged Groups Section
Social Development Division
  
Ms. Anneth HjalmefjordAssociate Programme Officer
Disadvantaged Groups Section
Social Development Division
_____________
  
Mr. P.F. WickendenChief, General Transport, Coordination and Communications Section
Transport, Communications and Tourism Division
_____________
  
Ms. Mary Bess SpurlockChief
Division of Administration
  
Mr. Brian HeathOfficer-in-Charge, a.i.
Conference and General Services Section
Division of Administration
_____________
  
Mr. David LazarusOfficer-in-Charge, a.i.
United Nations Information Services
_____________

ESCAP REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROJECTS

Mr. Lau Kak EnDirector, Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific (SIAP)
  
Mr. Zia Ur RahmanProject Manager, Regional Network for Agricultural Machinery (RNAM)

Annex II
AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

ROUND TABLE MEETING ON THE INTEGRATION OF DISABLED PEOPLE IN AGRICULTURAL AND AGRO-INDUSTRY SYSTEMS (MIDAS)

13–15 May 1997
Bangkok, Thailand

Tuesday 13 May 1997 
0800–0900Registration
0900–0915Welcome Remarks: Objectives of the Roundtable Meeting, organization of sessions, election of officers, by
Mr. Alastair Hicks
0915–0930Opening Address
by Mr. Soetatwo Hadiwigeno
, Assistant Director General and FAO Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific
0930–0945Secretariat Paper on the Integration of Disabled People in Agricultural and Agro-Industry Systems by
Mr. Lawrie Jacobson
0945–1015Coffee break
1015–1045The “MIDAS” touch of Food and Agro-Industries for Income Generation by Disabled People by
Mr. Alastair Hicks
1045–1215Individual Papers:
1045–1115Disabled Women in Rural Areas of the Region by
Ms. Fameedah Wahab
1115–1145Blind Disabled People and the Thai Rural Economy by
Mr. Prayat Punong-ong
1145–1215Motor and Upper Limb Disabled People in the Agricultural Industry in the Region by
Mr. Cyril Siriwardene
1215–1330Lunch
1330–1530Papers continued:
1330–1400Adaptive Techniques for Horticultural Crops Production by Disabled Persons by Dr. Narong Chomchalow
1400–1430Sensorially Disabled people in Rural Areas of Japan by
Mr. Eiichi Takada
1430–1500Mentally Disabled People in the Agricultural Industry and Rural Sector in Thailand by Ms. Johanne Hanko
1500–1530Motor Disabled People in Rural Areas of Vietnam by
Mr. Bui Ngoc Quynh
1530–1600Coffee break
1600–1630Prevention of Disabilities and Accidents to People in Rural Thailand by Mr. Jaruwat Mongkoltanatas and Dr. Thanya Kiatiwat
1630–1700The Status of Motor Disabled People within the Agricultural and Rural Sector in Cambodia by
Mr. Marc Bonnet
1700–1730Discussions, Conclusions and Recommendations of FAO draft report on Integration of Disabled People in Agricultural and Agro Industry Systems, Election of Drafting Committee
1800–1930Social function
Wednesday 14 May 1997 (UNCC)
0800–0900Registration at UNCC
0900–0915Opening of 14th Session of RICAP Sub-Committee on Disability-related Concerns
0915–0945Coffee break
0945–1030Finalization of draft FAO report to the Round Table by Drafting Committee
1030–1130Finalization of draft report to RICAP Sub-Committee on Disability-related Concerns
1130–1230Lunch
1230–1500Plenary Session of RICAP Sub-Committee
Thursday 15 May 1997
0900–1500Plenary Session of RICAP Sub-Committee on Disability
1015–1030Coffee break
1030–1130Presentation of Working Group report to RICAP Sub-Committee on Disability-related Concerns
1130–1230Lunch
1500–15.30Closing Ceremony (at UNCC)

Annex III
PAPER SUMMARIES

ROUND TABLE MEETING ON THE INTEGRATION OF DISABLED PEOPLE IN AGRICULTURAL AND AGRO-INDUSTRY SYSTEMS

13–15 May 1997
Bangkok, Thailand

By

  1. Mrs. Fahmeeda Wahab, Bangladesh

  2. Mr. Marc Bonnet, Cambodia

  3. Mr. Eiichi Takada, Japan

  4. Mr. Cyril Siriwardane, Sri Lanka

  5. Mr. Prayat Punong-ong, Thailand

  6. Mr. Jaruwat Mongkoltanatas and Dr. Thanya Kiatiwat, Thailand

  7. Mr. Bui Ngoc Quynh, Vietnam

  8. Mrs. Johanne Hanko

  9. Mr. P.A. Hicks, FAO RAP

  10. Dr. Narong Chomchalow, FAO RAP

Disabled Women in Rural Areas of the Region:
Fameedah Wahab

This paper has been well-researched given the limited information available. An evaluation of the situation of disabled women in eleven countries of the region is made with more emphasis given to the author's own country (Bangladesh), India, Pakistan and Thailand where information on socio-cultural and educational situations is more available.

The author describes some of the inadequacies of the existing systems for servicing disabled women in the region and reminds us of the large gaps in the public education/information that still remain to be filled before prejudices and ignorance can disappear. She explains that improving the communication capacities of the non-disabled to communicate with the disabled is one important factor in the integration of the disabled in society.

She concludes by saying that disabled people have immense potentials which remain untapped. These can be put to productive and profitable use to benefit the family, the society and the country and that a nation's development progress can be measured by the ease with whichintegrates the disabled into the mainstream of society.

The Status of Motor Disabled People within the Agricultural and Rural in Cambodia:
Marc Bonnet

Cambodia's recent history of war, the presence of millions of landmines, continued armed conflict in certain areas, the lack of basic health care and the absolute poverty of the majority of its citizens all contribute to the fact that Cambodia is a country with a high number of disabled people, many of them in what would be their productive years. There are no national statistics available in Cambodia; however, it is thought that 2–3% of the population of Cambodia is disabled, making the per capita rate of disability one of the highest in the world.

Due to the seasonal nature of agriculture, off-farm activities are crucial for farmers to earn supplementary income; thus there is also a need to train farmers in such activities. There are vocational training schools and centres but many of these are located in or near Phnom Penh. The majority of these vocational schools teach skills that are not useful for the rural areas and are often not driven by demand or by the local market. In addition, there is insufficient post-training follow-up and assistance with finding employment. Often disabled people cannot attend these centers because they are not mobile or because they cannot leave their families for an extended period of time; others cannot read and write. Few programs exist that provide mobile, short-term training, apprenticeship-style training or that reach the disabled in their own home. Most disabled do not have the funds to start up their own business; thus there is also a need for programs to facilitate their access to credit schemes.

Two Reports on the ‘Ikoino-Mura’ (Chestnut House):
Eiichi Takada

Main features of the 2 reports

Volume 1, published in 1987, describes the activities and the latest situations for the past 5 years, after the inauguration of the Chestnut House built for adult sense and multiple handicapped people.

Volume 2, published in 1993, depicts mainly efforts and contributions, given for the construction of another House, named “Plum nut House”, for senior sensorially handicapped people, and also presents the latest situation, activities and development of the Chestnut House.

Farm work component: The farms amount to about 1.0 hectare, consisting of many tiny plots of rice fields provided by farmers in the village free-of-charge. Farm work constitutes an important component stressed in the House. This is in addition to special care given to the fellows such as medical care, training on hand conversation skills and cultural education.

Motor and Upper Limb Disabled People in the Agricultural Industry in the Region:
Cyril Siriwardane

Of the 900,000 disabled people living in Sri Lanka, about 45,000 have motor or upper limb disabilities. The ratio is estimated to be 75% men and 25% women. Approximately 90% of persons with disabilities live in rural areas. The author stresses the importance of education particularly for disabled children since facilities for them in rural areas are generally lacking.

Various types of income earning jobs in which the rural disabled in Sri Lanka are engaged are described. The state of existing health and social services, most of which are located in urban areas, is also explained.

The author points out that although traditionally it is considered a family responsibility to look after any member who has a disability, these traditions are eroding. The state has only partly filled this gap due to financial constraints. One important demand that has to be met is the need for any types of aids or equipment for disabled people.

Disabled People and the Thai Rural Economy:
Prayat Punong-ong

This very informative paper provides a lot of details on existing NGOs in the country that are helping the disabled to survive. It also provides basic data on the composition and structure of the disabled population in Thailand. Although critical of the government's low level of financial assistance to the disabled, the author is positive when he refers to government efforts to bring new technology to meet local needs and teach them how to use it.

The author suggests that there are many things that can be done to improve the living situations of the rural disabled, such as treating the disabled like others in all aspects of life, giving them names at birth and registering them with their family, providing them with ID cards which recognize them as members of society and teaching general society to recognize the economic capabilities of the disabled so that private businesses can effect changes in their hiring methods.

His comments about equal opportunity are well-illustrated when he says; “True democracy, like a limousine and a three-wheeled rickshaw caught in the same traffic jam, comes when the disabled have equal opportunity with the non-disabled population”.

Prevention of Disabilities and Accidents to People in Rural Thailand:
Jaruwat Mongkoltanatas and Thanya Kiatiwat

The Royal Thai Government has put efforts to expedite the standardization of locally manufactured agricultural machinery. A number of national standards to comply with safety measures, have been established. However, very few manufacturers could fulfill the national standard certification requirement because it would enormously increase the prices of their products, creating difficulty in competition.

Notwithstanding with this fact, some large manufacturers have followed some safety precaution measures stated in the national standards. For instance guards or warning signs for dangerous areas can be found in number of locally manufactured agricultural machinery.

However, there are no methods or instruments which can prevent accidents better than the awareness and good attitude on safety of the operators and people concerned. Therefore, training on personnel involved in agricultural machinery utilization will be the most important activity to pay close attention to.

Motor Disabled People in Rural Areas of Vietnam:
Dr. Ho Nhu Hai - presented by Mr. Buiy Ngoc Quynh

This paper has been prepared by Dr. Ho Nhu Hai, Vice Director, Department of Social Protection, Ministry of Labour, Invalid and Social Affairs, Vietnam. It provides outside readers with the first complete picture of the current situation of the rural motor disabled in this war-devastated country.

As the author emphasizes, a country like his own, now in the process of recovering from a long drawn out war has a lot of renovation to do. This includes the rehabilitation of their motor disabled, of which there are more than 450,000. Vietnamese Government policies, which encourage the provision of preferential credits, free primary education, community health and free medical treatment and examination for the disabled and the poor, have helped, but more is needed; however, the author notes that additional coordinated support from donor, specialized UN agencies like FAO and NGOs will be necessary to adequately address and cope with this immense problem.

Mentally Disabled People in the Agricultural Industry and Rural Sector in Thailand:
Johanne Hanko

The author's review of the status of the mentally disabled in Thailand reminds us how much still has to be done. In her conclusions, she states the truth with the sentence that “society must learn to deal with and accept the mentally disabled as different”. Thus, it is up to us to find the ways and means to improve the existing situation. She suggests that “an apprenticeship approach” with relation to theory, education and vocational guidance, should allow easier integration of the mentally disabled into society.

The “Midas Touch” of Food and Agro-Industries for Income Generation by Disabled People:
Alastair Hicks

Increased agricultural production is prerequisite to alleviation of rural poverty. But of itself, agricultural growth is not sufficient to eradicate poverty. Nor can it create adequate opportunities for enhanced rural employment, income generation and economic access to food. Two basic issues emerge when looking at the rural sector of the Asia and the Pacific Region.

Prospects are bleak for countries depending mainly upon agricultural production, to absorb an increasing labour force. On-farm employment potential is diminishing. Relative purchasing power of rural populations is declining, cutting into their capacity to ensure adequate nutrition. Exports of primary products have shrunk or suffered in terms of monetary return due to inequitable trade regimes, inflation and other reasons.

Employment objectives must be explicitly integrated into rural industrialization strategy. This calls for appropriate policies, technologies and supporting institutions capable of reaching the village and household levels, providing rural disabled entrepreneurs with necessary incentives. These can unleash dormant creativity without alienating producers from their setting.

Adaptive Techniques for Horticultural Crops Production by Disabled People:
Narong Chomchalow

Adaptive to urban/sub-urban areas of production: Production of horticultural crops which requires less area but intensive cultivation practices are adaptive to be produced in urban/sub-urban areas even though the cost of land is much higher than in the rural areas, but these areas have the advantages of being close to the markets and other facilities required for a better quality of life of the residents.

Esther Dean's concept of a “No Dig Garden” is tailor-made for disabled people, and has wide appeal because it saves time and effort, and is friendly to the environment since it keeps the soil in good repair. She provides a variety of ideas, such as making gardens in pots, placing pots on casters and creating raised garden beds for people with mobility problems.

Various horticultural crops can be produced commercially by disabled people with minor modifications in the techniques. These include vegetables, flowers, ornamental plants, fruits, mushrooms, herbs and spices. However, to earn more and having less risk, the producers should produce crops which are on demand in time and place and choose the right kinds of crops.

Gardening, whether performed by normal or disabled people, whether for hobby or for career, certainly helps the gardeners both physically and mentally. With numerous reported cases of the therapeutic value of gardening, it is logical to take the concept a step further by stressing the healing qualities of gardening, particularly for those who are being disturbed by disability, chronic illness, or other mental disturbances.

Round Table Meeting on the Integration of Disabled People in Agricultural and Agro Industry Systems Group Photograph of the Participants

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