FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.2 - June 2004 p.15

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Following release of the final 2003 cereal production figures, the aggregate cereal production is estimated at 3.6 million tonnes, an increase of about 16 percent over the record crop of the previous year. More than 450 000 tonnes of cereals are available for export and possible stock build-up in the country. Cereal import requirement in the marketing year ending in October 2004 (mostly rice and wheat) is forecast at 268 000 tonnes.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)-893 0303 119
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)-932 6772 770
Previous year imports6119614271
Previous five years average imports6417719260
2003/04 Domestic Availability5633 5373 605
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)-953 5373 632
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)-633 5373 600
Possible stock drawdown5--5
2003/04 Utilization602603 5523 872
Food use592402 4312 731
Non-food use120581602
Exports or re-exports--200200
Possible stock build up--340340
2003/04 Import Requirement5519715268
Anticipated commercial imports451865236
of which: received or contracted-2-2
Food aid needs10121032
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges107320
of which: delivered2416
Donor-financed purchases--55
of which: for local use--55
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)520198222
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)-103132131
2003/04 Import requirement compared to average8611279103
Cereal share of total calorie intake   75
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsmillet; sorghum; pulses; maize
Lean seasonJuly-September
Population (000s)12 308   
GNI per capita in 2002 (US$)250   

FAO/GIEWS - June 2004

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