FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.3 - December 2004 p.24

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Cereal output in 2003 declined for the second consecutive year. Aggregate cereal production was estimated by a joint FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission at 1.46 million tonnes, lower than both the 2002 level and the average of the previous five years. Total cereal import requirements in 2004 were estimated by the mission at about 1.4 million tonnes, virtually unchanged from last year, of which about 1.2 million tonnes would be obtained on commercial terms, leaving about 185 000 tonnes to be met through external assistance.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)-9766981 674
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)-9967401 736
Previous year imports2951 101101 406
Previous five years average imports294946131 253
2004 Domestic Availability-5086281 137
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)-8476131 460
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)-5086131 122
Possible stock drawdown--1515
2004 Utilization3161 4247882 528
Food use3111 2966302 238
Non-food use5128153286
Exports or re-exports--55
Possible stock build up----
2004 Import Requirement3169151601 392
Anticipated commercial imports30090071 207
of which: received or contracted27524-551
Food aid needs1615153185
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges1241237
of which: delivered1111224
Donor-financed purchases-336
of which: for local use-3-3
for export--33
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)187536129
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)-858384
2004 Import requirement compared to average108971 231111
Cereal share of total calorie intake   41
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsroots; tubers; fruit; rice; maize
Lean seasonApril-July
Population (000s)17 300   
GNI per capita in 2003 (US$)660   

FAO/GIEWS - December 2004

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