FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.3 - December 2004 p.31

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  GHANA

The 2003 aggregate cereal crop, estimated at about 2 million tonnes, is 12 percent higher than the average for the previous five years but about 7 percent down from the previous year. The cereal import requirement for 2004, mainly wheat and rice, is forecast at 536 000 tonnes of which about 460 000 tonnes are anticipated to be covered by commercial imports.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 2004 MARKETING YEAR (January/December)
 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)-2801 8752 155
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)-2411 5631 804
Previous year imports26633314613
Previous five years average imports25724137535
2004 Domestic Availability-1621 7701 932
2003 Production (incl. paddy rice)-2431 7702 013
2003 Production (incl. milled rice)-1621 7701 932
Possible stock drawdown----
2004 Utilization2664121 7902 468
Food use2633721 2411 876
Non-food use330399432
Exports or re-exports-10150160
Possible stock build up----
2004 Import Requirement26625020536
Anticipated commercial imports21024010460
of which: received or contracted107230-337
Food aid needs56101076
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges82716105
of which: delivered67518
Donor-financed purchases----
of which: for local use----
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)13186192
Indexes[percentage]
2003 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)-101113112
2004 Import requirement compared to average10410454100
Cereal share of total calorie intake   28
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsroots; tubers; coarse grains; rice
Lean seasonApril-June
Population (000s)20 422   
GNI per capita in 2003 (US$)320   

FAO/GIEWS - December 2004

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