ASIA-PACIFIC FISHERY COMMISSION
RAP Publication 2004/25

Status and potential of fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific

By
Shunji Sugiyama, Derek Staples & Simon Funge-Smith
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

 

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok, 2004

 

Table of Contents


The designation and presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for sale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Secretary, Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand or by e-mail to derek.staples@fao.org.


Sugiyama, S., Staples, D. & Funge-Smith, S.J. 2004. Status and potential of fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific. FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. RAP Publication 2004/25. 53 pp.

Abstract

The fisheries and aquaculture sector is of fundamental importance to the Asia-Pacific region providing opportunities for revenue generation and employment, and contributing to food security. This document reviews the current status of inland and marine fisheries resources and their contribution to national economies and food security. Regional fishery data and information stored in FAO databases are analysed to provide a comprehensive picture of production trends of fisheries and aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific region, which is further illustrated by a detailed view of subregions and aquaculture production by species groups. It also touches upon issues that require closer attention in order for the fisheries resources to be managed in a responsive and sustainable manner.

© FAO 2004

For copies please write to:

The Secretary


Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission


FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific


Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road


Bangkok 10200


THAILAND


Tel: (+66) 2 697


Fax: (+66) 2 697 4445


E-mail: derek.staples@fao.org

ASIA-PACIFIC FISHERY COMMISSION
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
39 Phra Athit Road, Bangkok, Thailand www.apfic.org


Table of Contents

PREFACE

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE OF THIS REVIEW

1. Contributions of fisheries and aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific region

1.1 Contribution to national economies
1.2 Contribution to food security

2. Production trends in fisheries and aquaculture

2.1 Capture fisheries production in the Asia-Pacific region
2.2 Aquaculture production in the Asia-Pacific region
2.3 Status and trends by sub-regions

3. Status of resources

Marine waters

3.1 Measuring the status of fishery resources
3.2 Evidence from trawl surveys
3.3 Evidence from Large Marine Ecosystems

Inland waters

3.4 Water resources
3.5 Fishery resources

4. Aquaculture production trends by species group

4.1 Carnivorous species or species requiring higher production inputs
4.2 Finfish requiring lower inputs
4.3 Crustaceans
4.4 Molluscs
4.5 Aquatic plants
4.6 Reptiles and amphibians
4.7 Niche aquaculture species

5. Selected issues facing fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific

5.1 "Trash fish" catches
5.2 Fish meal and other fish-based ingredients for aquaculture feed
5.3 Live fish trade - food fish and ornamental aquarium fish

6. The outlook for fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific

6.1 Global and regional trends
6.2 Coastal fisheries
6.3 Offshore fisheries
6.4 Aquaculture