RAP PUBLICATION 2004/28

ASIA-PACIFIC FORESTRY COMMISSION

What does it take?
The role of incentives in forest plantation
development in Asia and the Pacific -
Executive Summary

Thomas Enters, Patrick B. Durst, Chris Brown,
Jim Carle and Philip McKenzie

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
Bangkok, 2004

 

Table of Contents



The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Senior Forestry Officer, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, 39 Phra Atit Road, Bangkok, Thailand.

© FAO 2004

Cover photo: Stephen Midgley
ISBN 974-7946-62-9

For copies of the report, write to:
Patrick B. Durst
Senior Forestry Officer
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200
Thailand
Tel: (66-2) 697 4000
Fax: (66-2) 697 4445
Email: Patrick.Durst@fao.org


Table of Contents

Foreword

Acknowledgements

Context and background

Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission mandate
The study’s aim and scope
Structure of this document

Section 1: Plantations in the Asia-Pacific region: an expanding resource

Production: shifting from natural forests to forest plantations
Future plantation wood production
Alternative sources of wood and fibre
The Kyoto protocol and the role of plantations as carbon sinks
Summary

Section 2: Incentives: key concepts, typology and rationale

Justification for providing incentives
The downside of incentives
Crowding out of investment

Section 3: What does it take? Study outcomes

Characteristics of forest plantation investments
A brief history of plantations in the study countries
Similarities and differences in plantation histories
Use of incentives in Asia and the Pacific
Direct incentives - what can they achieve?
Indirect incentives - a solid foundation for investments
Conclusions and recommendations

Literature cited

Back cover