A Review of the Status and Trends of Exported Ornamental Fish Resources and Their Habitats in Sri Lanka

REPORTS - BOBP/REP/88

A Review of the Status and Trends of Exported Ornamental Fish Resources and Their Habitats in Sri Lanka

by
S. U. K. Ekaratne
Department of Zoology University of Colombo Colombo Sri Lanka.


Executing Agency: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Funding Agency: UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME

BAY OF BENGAL PROGRAMME Chennai, India December 2000

Table of Contents


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© FAO 2004

PREFACE

This document discusses the history and the current status of marine and freshwater ornamental fish species in Sri Lanka, which areexported tosome 25 countries in responseto demand. It contains lists of marine and freshwater species, including endangered species, and information on their population, biology, ecology and distribution. It briefly discusses the impact of the export effort on resources, and the status of information relevant for resource and habitat management.

This document, and the activities undertaken between 1994 and 1999 in Sri Lanka to support conservation and management of ornamental fish species in the island, were supported by the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP) as part of its management-oriented Third Phase.

The BOBP is a multi-agency regional fisheries programme that covers seven countries around the Bay of Bengal — Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand. The Programme plays a catalytic and consultative role in developing coastal fisheries management in the Bay of Bengal, therebyhelping improve the conditions of small-scale fisherfolk in the member countries.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


REPORTS - BOBP/REP/88pdf

PREFACE
FOREWORD
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
SUMMARY

SECTIONS:pdf

1. SCOPE, OBJECTIVES AND METHODOLOGY

2. INTRODUCTION

3. TRENDS COMMON TO FRESHWATER AND MARINE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

3.1 Expansion of the aquarium trade
3.2 Advisory, research and management capacity
3.3 Resource Base

4. TRENDS IN THE FRESHWATER AQUARIUM TRADE

5. TRENDS IN THE MARINE AQUARIUM TRADE

6. STATUS OF THE FRESHWATER FISH RESOURCES AND RELATED HABITATS

6.1 Exported freshwater fish
6.2 Status of exported species
6.3 Status of exported endemic species
6.4 Status of threatened species
6.5 Biology, ecology, distribution and populations of exported freshwater fish
6.6 Status of related freshwater habitats

7. STATUS OF THE MARINE FISH RESOURCES AND HABITATS

7.1 Exported marine fish
7.2 Status of exported species, including threatened species, in the trade
7.3 Biology, Ecology, Distribution and Populations of Exported Marine Fish
7.4 Status of related marine habitats

8. ACTIVITIES AFFECTING SPECIES SURVIVAL, HABITAT INTEGRITY AND MANAGEMENT

8.1 Export - trade related activities
8.2 Activities extraneous to the export trade

9. THE STATUS OF RELEVANT INFORMATION FOR RESOURCE AND HABITAT MANAGEMENT

9.1 Information required for sustainable management

10. LITERATURE OF RELEVANCE TO MANAGEMENT OF AQUARIUM FISH AND THEIR HABITATS

11. ANNEXES

Annex 1. Commonly used vernacular names of exported freshwater aquarium fish
Annex 2. List of exported marine aquarium fish species
Annex 3. Fish species that have been afforded legal protection by the Fauna and Flora Protection (Amendment) Act, No 49 of 1993
Annex 4. Marinefish species that have been afforded legal protection by the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Act, No 2 of 1996
Annex 5. Freshwater fish species that have been afforded legal protection by the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Act, No.2 of 1996

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