Biosocioeconomics of Fishing for Shrimp in Kuala Sepetang, Malaysia-BOBP/WP/98

WORKING PAPERS - BOBP/WP/98

Biosocioeconomics of Fishing for Shrimp in
Kuala Sepetang, Malaysia


by
Ahmad Adnan bin Nuruddin
Fisheries Research Institute, Penang, Malaysia
Urn Chai Fong
Directorate of Fisheries, Malaysia


Executing Agency: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Bay of Bengal Programme Madras, India, 1994

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 2004

PREFACE

The shrimp fishery is one of the most important components of the marine capture fishery along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Although the percentage of shrimp by weight in the total landings in this area is not high, shrimp are important to the capture fishery due to their high value. Kuala Sepetang, in the district of Larut-Matang, is one of the main shrimp landing centres in Perak. In 1992, a research project to assess the biosocioeconomics of the shrimp fishery in this area was implemented jointly by the Department of Fisheries, Malaysia, and the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP).

The project involved biological and socioeconomic data-collection for a period of one year. The reporting was funded by the United Nations Development Programme.

The main objectives of this project were to analyze the relative performances of the different shrimp fishing gear, assess their biosocioeconomics and suggest optimum levels of exploitation of the resource. The findings of the project, it is hoped, will be useful in formulating future policy guidelines and management measures with regard to the exploitation of the limited shrimp resources. The methodologies used in this project will also help to improve the capabilities of national staff in future biosocioeconomic assessments.


Download full ZIP file (1,878 kb)

TABLE OF CONTENTS


WORKING PAPERS - BOBP/WP/98pdf

1. INTRODUCTION
2. METHODOLOGY

2.1 Bioeconomic data-collection
2.2 Bioeconomic analysis
2.3 Socioeconomic data-collection

3. BIOECONOMIC FINDINGS

3.1 Fishing effort
3.2 Catch rates
3.3 Species composition
3.4 Production and revenue
3.5 Size composition
3.6 Growth parameters and recruitment pattern
3.7 Population sizes and fishing mortalities
3.8 Relative yield, revenue and biomass per recruit analysis
3.9 Thompson and Bell analysis for long-term forecast

4. ECONOMICS OF SHRIMP FISHING

4.1 Costs and earnings
4.2 Share system

5. SOCIOECONOMIC FINDINGS

5.1 Village profile
5.2 Fishing activity
5.3 Fishery-related activities
5.4 Nonfishery activities
5.5 Household income structure
5.6 Credit facilities and savings
5.7 Effects of management measures on the fishing community

6. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
7. REFERENCES

APPENDICES

I. Monthly production by trawlers, their revenue and the costs and earnings of this fishery
II. Monthly production by pushnets, their revenue and the costs and earnings of this fishery
III. Monthly production by trammelnets, their revenue and the costs and earnings of this fishery
IV. Monthly production by bagnets, their revenueand the costs and earnings of this fishery

PUBLICATIONS OF THE BAY OF BENGAL PROGRAMME