Technology, Economic Status, Social Organization and Cognitive Patterns – BOBP/MIS/3
Artisanal Marine Fisherfolk of Orissa: Study of Their Technology, Economic Status, Social Organization and Cognitive Patterns – BOBP/MIS/03

Miscellaneous Publications - BOBP/MIS/3

Artisanal Marine Fisherfolk of Orissa: Study of Their Technology, Economic Status, Social Organization and Cognitive Patterns

Edited by
U. Tietze


Executing Agency: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Funding Agency: SWEDISH INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 2004

ABSTRACT

The articles presented in this book are based on studies conducted within the framework of the SIDA-funded small-scale fisheries project of the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP) of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


BOBP/MIS/3pdf

1. INTRODUCTIONpdfby U. Tietze

2. FISHING TECHNOLOGY AND FISHERMEN’S PERCEPTION OF THEIR MARINE ENVIRONMENT pdf
by C. Cunningham/P. Mohapatra/U. Tietze

2.1 Marine Environment
2.2 Fishing Gear and Methods

2.2.1 Gillnets

2.2.1.1 Gillnets used by Artisanal Fishermen in North Orissa
2.2.1.2 Gillnets used by Artisanal Fisherfolk in South Orissa
2.2.1.3 Conclusions

2.2.2 Encircling Nets, Boat Seines and Beach Seines

2.2.2.1 Encircling Nets of North Orissa
2.2.2.2 Boat and Beach Seine of South Orissa
2.2.2.3 Conclusions

2.2.3 Tidal Wallnets
2.2.4 Liftnets
2.2.5 Handlines and Longlines
2.2.6 Cast Nets

2.3 Artisanal Marine Fishing Craft of Orissa

2.3.1 Fishing Craft of North Orissa
2.3.2 Fishing Craft of South Orissa

2.4 Development and Distribution of Traditional Fishing Craft and Gear
2.5 Fishermen’s Perceptions of their Marine Environment

2.5.1 Perceptions of Oriya Fisherfolk in North Orissa
2.5.2 Perceptions of Telugu Fisherfolk in South Orissa

3. ETHNICAL AND SOCIO-CULTURAL BACKGROUND OF MARINE FISHING COMMUNITIES IN ORISSA pdf
by M. H. Kalavathy

3.1 Caste Background of Artisanal Fisherfolk

3.1.1 Fisherfolk Castes of South Orissa
3.1.2 Caste Background of Fisherfolk of North Orissa

3.2 Habitation and Settlement Pattern

3.2.1 Habitation and Settlement Pattern of Fisherfolk in North Orissa
3.2.2 Habitation and Settlement Pattern of Fisherfolk in South Orissa
3.2.3 Infrastructural Facilities

3.3 Festivals and Rituals of Telugu Fisherfolk of South Orissa

3.3.1 Worship
3.3.2 Festivals
3.3.3 Rituals associated with Fishing

4. FAMILY STRUCTURE, SOCIALIZATION AND COGNITIVE PATTERNS IN DIFFERENT ECONOMIC STRATA OF ARTISANAL MARINE FISHERFOLK pdfby M. H. Kalavathy/U. Tietze

4.1 Present Stage of Development of Artisanal Marine Fishing Economy and Economic Stratification
4.2 Family, Socialization Process and Cognitive Patterns in Different Economic Strata of Artisanal Marine Fisherfolk of South Orissa

4.2.1 Economic Stratification and Family

4.2.1.1 Family Type and Size of Family
4.2.1.2 Formation and Breakup of Families
4.2.1.3 Division of Labour in the Family
4.2.1.4 Decision-making Pattern

4.2.1.4.1 Verbalization of Family Matters
4.2.1.4.2 Participation in Discussion of Family Matters
4.2.1.4.3 Participation in Decision-making

4.2.2 Economic Stratification and Socialization

4.2.2.1 Educational Status of Children
4.2.2.2 Initiation into Work Expected Behaviour of Children
4.2.2.3 Expectations of Children’s Future Occupation
4.2.2.4 Economic Stratification and Cognitive Patterns

4.2.3 Perception of Future of Trade

4.2.3.1 Perception of Nature
4.2.3.2 Family, Socialization Process and Cognitive Patterns in Different Economic Strata of Oriya and Bengali Artisanal Marine Fisherfolk of North Orissa

4.3 Economic Stratification and Family

4.3.1 Family Type and Size of Family

4.3.1.1 Division of Labour in the Family
4.3.1.2 Decision-making Pattern
4.3.1.3 Verbalization of Family Matters

4.3.1.3.1 Participation in Discussion of Family Matters
4.3.1.3.2 Participation in Decision-making
4.3.1.3.3 Economic Stratification and Socialization

4.3.2 Initiation into Work

4.3.2.1 Expected Behaviour of Children
4.3.2.2 Economic Stratification and Cognitive Patterns

4.3.3 Perception of Future of Trade

4.3.3.1 Perception of Nature
4.3.3.2 Summary

4.4 Influence of Traditional Caste

5. THE OCCUPATION ON PRESENT ECONOMIC AND OCCUPATIONAL STATUS, PERCEPTION OF NATURE AND TRADE, CHILD SOCIALIZATION AND RELIGIOUS PRACTICES AND RITUALS pdf by R. Ray/U Tietze

5.1 Economic and Occupational Status
5.2 Perception of Nature and Trade
5.3 Child Socialization
5.4 Religious Practices and Rituals

5.4.1 Religious Practices and Rituals related to Fishing
5.4.2 Rituals for Children

5.5 Summary

REFERENCES

ANNEXURESpdf

1. Map of Coastal Orissa
2. Designs of Artisanal Marine Fishing Gear
3. Designs of Artisanal Marine Fishing Craft

Artisanal Marine Fisheries in India : an Annotated Bibliography, by V. Bhavani

1 Social Organization:

1.1 Anthropological Studies
1.2 Socio-economic Studies
1.3 Cooperatives

2. Economy

2.1 Production
2.2 Marketing
2.3 Credit and Finance

3. Technology

3.1 Craft, Gear, Fishing Methods
3.2 Fish Culture

4. Development Work
5. General