His Excellency Dr Jose Q. Molina, Chairman, APHCA,
His Excellency Dr Lubroth, FAO ROME,
His Excellency Dr Peter Roeder, Secretary of GREP, FAO Rome,
Mr Salik Nazir Ahman, Secretary, Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock,
Mr Rafaqat Hussain Raja, Animal Husbandry Commissioner,
Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,
We are delighted and honored to host the 62nd Executive Committee meeting and the 27th Session of the Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific (APHCA) and welcome you all to Pakistan.
I have been told that APHCA sessions are principally designed to enhance the development of the livestock industry within the Asia Pacific region. These annual meetings help the member countries to share information and views on various aspects of livestock production and health. The member country may be benefited from each others experiences.
Livestock raising is an integral part of agriculture and its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that million of rural families are deriving their livelihood from it. World Bank more recently has therefore included livestock sector in their list of programs for funding livestock development programme as well as opportunities in livestock sector for member countries. These countries may increase the output of their livestock sector by controlling diseases of trade and economic importance.
Livestock plays a vital role in Pakistans economy. It accounts for 38.4 percent of the agriculture value added and 9.3 percent of national GDP. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs. 51.5 billion for the year 2001-2002 which accounted 11.4 percent of the overall export earning of the country. Its role in the rural economy may be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in livestock raising, deriving 25-30 percent of their incomes from it. Livestock sector had achieved 4-5 percent growth during the last decade. Our livestock development policy revolves around following:
- Fulfillment of the ever increasing urban demand for livestock products;
- Phasing out of import of livestock products;
- Promotion of exports of livestock and livestock products after meeting domestic demand;
- Rural poverty alleviation through raising livestock.
Our strategy for future development of the livestock sector focuses on increasing the productivity per unit animal; rather than livestock numbers, improving animal health coverage; improving marketing facilities; and improving the quality of livestock products. The strategy depends on the private sector for its implementation and on free market prices to determine the allocation of resources.
According to a FAO study, the global livestock output is growing at a rate of 2.5 percent per year and meat production now exceeds 230 million tonnes. The world demand and consumption of livestock products is expected to nearly double in the next 20 years. Most of this demand growth is expected to take place in developing counties associated with greater population growth and emerging economies, particularly in Asia.
In the Asia and pacific countries (excluding china) meat production has risen from 18 million tones in 1981 to 34 million tonnes in 2001, a growth of 5 percent per year for 20 years. In particular, chicken meat has increased from 3.8 million tonnes to 10.1 tonnes, beef and buffalo meat from 6.5 to 11 million tonnes and sheep/goat meat from 3.3 to 4.6 million tonnes. In addition milk production has increased from 82 million tonnes to 184 million tonnes and egg production from 5.4 million tonnes to 10.7 million tonnes in those twenty years.
The coming years are critical period for livestock production in the Asian Region. Poorly planned animal breeding strategies, presence of transboundary animal diseases, absence of well planned control strategies and inadequate veterinary infrastructure threaten the regions ability to meet future demands of livestock products and are further threatening food security. The region has the largest proportion of the worlds population (over 50 percent). Asia has the largest and faster growing livestock industry of any region but the sustainability of this position is in doubt unless improved production. Member countries and the region as a whole must immediately begin to increase understanding of the role and value of the transboundary livestock animal diseases and development comprehensive, effective and financially viable strategies to increase livestock production and further ensure the control of prevalent animal diseases leading to their complete eradication. The member countries of the region should also develop mutual trade in livestock and livestock products. The main thrust and focus of activity should be alleviation of poverty of the region through exploitation of regional livestock resources.
A progressive control mechanism through regional coordination and harmonization of regulations for a coordinated approach towards control and eradication of livestock diseases is a pre-requisite for improving intra-region trade and safeguarding countries from transboundary animal diseases. The member states are also required to deliberate on their policy stances towards quarantine related issues. The member states may also consider the present trade situation in livestock products and limiting factor to trade expansion.
Recognizing the existence of considerable potentials and opportunities for forging APHCA cooperation in livestock, there is an urgent need to evolve well-framed and integrated approaches and to prioritize and streamline the present activities in order to have more effective cooperation and coordinated approach towards a common regional goal of controlling transboundary livestock disease. The political commitment on the future cooperation framework is also essential. Therefore, this meeting provides an excellent forum to ensure regional professional endorsement and to guide the livestock authorities as well as political leadership on livestock related issues.
I hope, the deliberations of APHCA meeting would attain the desired goal of cooperation regarding limiting and controlling the transboundary animal disease. Furthermore the member states may wish to collect, compile and exchange information on the existing difficulties which they are recently facing regarding control of transboundary animal disease for discussions and taking common appropriate actions. I hope that this forum, after an in depth discussion, will come up with beneficial, cutting edge resolutions and viable plans for the regional to control and eradicate transboundary animal diseases. This would lead to long lasting visible change in the rural socioeconomic conditions of the countries.
Lastly, I wish to express my gratitude to all delegated and observes for their full cooperation and contribution to the 62nd executive committee meeting and the 27th Session of APHCA. I take this opportunity to thank the organizers FAO-APHCA and M/O Food, Agriculture & Livestock for organizing of meeting and session. I would also like to express my gratitude to all those who contributed in organizing this event.
I wish the participants a vary fruitful and productive meeting and with that, I declare the 62nd executive committee meeting and the 27th Session of Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific open.
Welcome address for the 27th APHCA Session
Delegates from APHCA member countries, member of the executive committee, officers from FAO regional office for Asia and the Pacific, delegates from observer countries and international organization, officials of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, speakers and resource persons, honored guest ladies and gentlemen, good morning.
First of all and on behalf of APHCA, I would like to thank the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Government for graciously hosting this 27th session of the Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific (APHCA) and the 62nd executive committee meeting. We are all very happy to be able to travel to your country and get to know more about your people, your cities and towns and your animal production and agriculture.
APHCA has grown a long way since its founding in 1975. It is worthwhile that we again revisit the basis for its establishment - technical cooperation among development countries (TCDC). Based on us, continue with our strengths and innovate on our perceived weakness to build on what has been achieved. It is my fervent hope that we will be able to do this during this session and in our future meetings.
I therefore thank all of you for attending this 27th APHCA session Thank you for taking time out from your busy work schedules to join us for the week. So let us all strive to make it a vary productive and successful one.
Again, good morning to everybody.
(APHCA chairperson for the 27th session)
Welcome address for the 27th APHCA Session
Honorable Sikandar Hayat Khan Bosan, Minister of State for Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Honorable Salik Nazir Ahmad, Secretary, Food, Agriculture and Livestock, his excellency, Dr Jose Q. Molina, Chairman, APHCA, His Excellencies Dr Lubroth and Dr Peter Roeder, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, good morning. I have the privilege to welcome you all to this 62nd executive committee meeting and the 27th APHCA session on my behalf and on behalf of the Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock.
I am indebted to my honorable minister and honorable secretary, for sparing valuable time out of their busy schedule to grace this occasion. I am thankful to FAO-APHCA for selecting Pakistan to host the 27th session of APHCA in Lahore. I am also thankful to APHCA delegates who have traveled long distances to participate in the session.
I and my team will do our best to make your stay in Pakistan as comfortable as possible. However, if there is any shortfall I hope you that you will ignore it.
I hope that the forum will help the member countries to exchange information and views on various aspects of animal production and health and will come up with well-framed, integrated viable plans and approaches for a regional goals of controlling transboundary livestock diseases and improving livestock productivity.
I am thankful to my colleagues in MINFAL and livestock department, Government of the Punjab, who have done hard work for months to organize this session. I am also thankful to the hotel management for extending their facilities.
One again I thankful to minister, secretary and all those who encouraged me and supported me to host this session of APHCA
I hope this session will help us to achieve effective regional cooperation.
Welcome address for the 27th APHCA Session
Dear Honourable Minister of State for Food, Agriculture and Livestock and Honourable Secretary Sikandar Hayat Khan Bosan dear colleagues, dear Dr Molina and Dr Raja, Ladies and Gentlemen,
On behalf of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, I thank the Government of Pakistan for graciously hosting the 27th Animal Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific and Regional Consultation of the initiative of the Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease and Other Transboundary Animal Diseases.
I welcome the delegates of APHCA and their staff; representatives of other international organizations: Office International des Epizooties and the Joint Division of FAO/IAEA.
On behalf of the Animal Production and Health Division of FAO, we are grateful to the Regional Office of FAO in Bangkok for all the arrangements of the APHCA meeting along with the diligent collaboration of the Minister of State for Food, Agriculture and Livestock of the Government of Pakistan and the preparation of the proposed agenda.
The documents presented are quite varied and will lead to, I hope, to healthy and productive discussions.
Issues on traceability will be discussed - not only for the importance in disease control from a national and regional perspective - but also for performance recording, policy decisions, basis for modern food safety concerns (including those of HACCP). We will also hear updates on the State of the Worlds Animal Genetic Resources for Asia; rationale and developments on the Pro-Poor Livestock Facility initiatives in the Region; an update on the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme; contributions from the Joint Division of FAO/IAEA; and the Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease and Other Transboundary Animal Diseases (GF-TADs) which takes its call from the two World Food Summits (1996 and 2002) in Rome and the 69th OIE Conference in Paris. We will hear and discuss the recommendations conducted at the two Sub-Regional Consultations on the Global Framework held recently in India and Thailand.
Investment in livestock is severely needed. Some 70 percent of the poor people around the world have livestock as a method of sustenance; 40-60 percent of the population of the Region depend on livestock. The Green Revolution of the 60s through the 80s could not have possible without the control of rinderpest allowing animals - cattle and buffalo - to survive and plow the fields or carry the harvested crops to market places.
Governments and ministries - not just agriculture - need to hear about the meaning of livestock and promote a more holistic and justified prioritisation of the importance of food producing animals in their plans for development and the future of their markets.
I also welcome the initiative to heighten the relevance of APHCA for the improvement of animal health and production in the Region. FAO is at your service - and the committee on agriculture needs to hear loud and clear the recommendations made at this session and those of the GF-TADs proposal.