Previous Page Table of Contents Next Page


4.1 Government and non-governmental

The role of government in livestock development on the African continent has been largely in the area of policy formulation to assist producers to accelerate production at costs that consumers can afford. Strategies to achieve this objective have centered on the following:

The dismal failure in the livestock sector in post-independent Africa can be largely blamed on inconsistent government policies and gross under funding of the sector. Even in the colonial period some key developments like the diary industry in Kenya was undertaken largely at the initiative of the then European farmers who created a structure of services through the government and through their own independent efforts (Jahnke, 1982). The persistently woeful performance of this sector in many African countries reflects the lack of sustained governmental support for privately led initiatives.

Extension services in livestock production in Africa is in its infancy because even with the creation of World Bank-assisted agricultural development projects in Nigeria and other African countries, livestock extension was not ranked as important compared with the crop production sector. Hence, it is only in the last decade that the structure for incorporating such into extension services has become notable. Presently spiral inflation and unfavourable interest rates have ostracized the small-scale livestock producer from financed credits. The high risks involved in livestock production further discourage credit institutions to give necessary support to the sector on the continent. With primitive marketing infrastructure and inconsistent pricing policy, the livestock producer is left with the individuals' ability to discern and take advantage of opportunities of markets particularly during festivals to dispose products.

With huge funding assistance from foreign organizations being wasted when executed through government agencies, it has become imperative to find reliable non-governmental institutions with healthy track records to initiate efforts on livestock development in farming communities on the continent. This is in its infancy and significant efforts are still largely restricted to the crop production sector.

4.2 Research centres and universities

Most research centres and universities offering training in agriculture are ill equipped for solving problems of livestock production on the continent. With poor infrastructure, inadequate research personnel, unattractive remuneration and absence of dynamic transfer of information between researchers and producers, the impact of researchers on the sector has been minimal. Research undertaken however, covers the areas of forage development, livestock nutrition and disease, local genetic resources improvement and livestock housing. Although many African countries have programmes for livestock science and technology, in many cases these are only blue prints for development with little legislative clout and insufficient budgetary backing to achieve their stated goals.

Special mention must be made of the research focus of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). The basic thrust of this institute is cattle, milk and meat; that is to increase the sustainable output of milk and meat from cattle in the mixed crop-livestock smallholder production systems of sub-Saharan Africa. ILRI's research programmes focus on these production systems because they appear to offer the best opportunities for increasing protein output and hence food production as a whole in the foreseeable future. Specific interventions and models adopted include alley farming, fodder banks, crop residue utilization and feed supplementation. A thrust of holistic utilization of crops and residues for production of ruminants and monogastric animals is a recently added dimension. Institutions in partnership with the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in selected countries of sub-Saharan Africa are presented in Table 9.

Table 9. Institutions in partnership with the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in selected countries of sub-Saharan Africa





i. Ahmadu Bello University
ii. Balyesa State Agriculture Development Project
iii. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
iv. National Animal Production Research Institute
v. National Root Crops Research Institute
vi. Rivers State Institute of Agriculture Research and Training
vii. Rivers State University of Science and Technology
viii. University of Ibadan
ix. University of Agriculture at Abeokuta


i. Agricultural Research Institute
ii. Animal Research Institute
iii. Ministry of Agriculture
iv. Savanna Agricultural Research Institute
v. University of Ghana
vi. University of Science and Technology


i. Anader
ii. Centre ivoirien de recherche économique et sociale
iii. Centre national de recherche agronomique
iv. Institut national polytechnique Houphouët Boigney
v. Ministère de l'agriculture et des ressources animales
vi. Project de lutte contre la trypanosomiase animale et les vecteurs


i. Institut de l'environement et de recherche agricole
ii. Institut économique de recherche
iii. Ministère des ressources animales
iv. Programme sahélien burkinabé
v. Service provincial des ressources animales
vi. Université de Ouagadougou



i. Agricultural Information Centre
ii. Agricultural Research Foundation
iii. Central Bureau of Statistics
iv. Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing
v. Egerton University
vi. Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology-Africa
vii. Institute of Policy Analysis Research
viii. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI)
ix. Kenya Trypanosomicism Research Institute
x. Kenyatta University
xi. Koyiaki Group Rural
xii. Lemek Group Rural
xiii. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
xiv. Ministry of Environment
xv. Olgulului Group Rural
xvi. Selengai Group Ranch
xvii. University of Nairobi


i. Livestock Health Research Institute
ii. Makerere University
iii. Ministry of Agriculture
iv. National Agricultural Research Organization
v. Uganda Wildlife Authority


i. Animal Disease Research Institute
ii. Livestock Production Research Institute
iii. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
iv. Sehan Agricultural Research Institute
v. Sokoine University of Agriculture
vi. Tanzania National Research Bureau


i. Addis Ababa University
ii. Alemaya University of Agriculture
iii. Amhora Bureau of Agriculture
iv. Ethiopia Agricultural Research Organization
v. Mekelle University
vi. Ministry of Agriculture
vii. Oromiya Agricultural Development of Bureau
viii. Tigray Bureau of Agriculture


i. Animal Resource Research Corporation
ii. Ministry of Agriculture, Natural and Animal Resources



i. Animal Science and Veterinary Research Institute
ii. Discharge University
iii. Institute de recherche agronomique

11. CONGO, D.R. of

i. Bureau central de la trypanosomiase, d'étude et de recherche agronomiques
ii. Instistut national d'étude et de recherche agronomiques
iii. Laboratoire vétérinaire de Kinshasa
iv. Université de Kinshasa



i. University of Malawi


i. Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries
ii. Ministry of Science, Technology and Vocational Training
iii. University of Zambia


i. Central Veterinary Laboratory
ii. Department of Research and Specialist Services
iii. Veterinary Department
iv. University of Zimbabwe
v. Zimbabwe National Parks


i. Agricultural Research Council
ii. Agricultural Research Council-Animal Nutrition Institute
iii. Irene Animal Production Institute
iv. Onderste poort Veterinary Institute
v. University of Pretoria
vi. University of Stellenbosch


i. Ministère de la recherche scientifique
ii. Univeristé d'Antananarivo

Previous Page Top of Page Next Page