LSP Working Paper No. 13 LSP Working Paper 13
Access to Natural Resources Sub-Programme

Poverty and Forestry

A Case Study of Kyrgyzstan with Reference to Other Countries in West and Central Asia

Breve Estudio Bibliográfico y Comparativo

R.J. Fisher, Kaspar Schmidt, Brieke Steenhof and Nurlan Akenshaev
May 2004

 

Cover photograph by Kaspar Schmidt

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Livelihood Support Programme (LSP)
An inter-departmental programme for improving support for enhancing livelihoods of the rural poor.

Table of Contents


This paper was prepared under contract with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The positions and opinions presented are those of the authors alone, and are not intended to represent the views of FAO.

The Livelihood Support Programme

The Livelihood Support Programme (LSP) evolved from the belief that FAO could have a greater impact on reducing poverty and food insecurity, if its wealth of talent and experience were integrated into a more flexible and demand-responsive team approach.

The LSP, which is executed by FAO with funding provided by DfID, works through teams of FAO staff members who are attracted to specific themes being worked on in a sustainable livelihoods context. These cross-departmental and cross-disciplinary teams act to integrate sustainable livelihoods principles in FAO’s work, at headquarters and in the field. These approaches build on experiences within FAO and other development agencies.

The programme is functioning as a testing ground for both team approaches and sustainable livelihoods principles.

Email: lsp@fao.org

Access to natural resources sub-programme

Access by the poor to natural resources (land, forests, water, fisheries, pastures, etc.), is essential for sustainable poverty reduction. The livelihoods of rural people without access, or with very limited access to natural resources are vulnerable because they have difficulty in obtaining food, accumulating other assets, and recuperating after natural or market shocks or misfortunes.

The main goal of this sub-programme is to build stakeholder capacity to improve poor people’s access to natural resources through the application of sustainable livelihood approaches. The sub-programme is working in the following thematic areas:

  1. Sustainable livelihood approaches in the context of access to different natural resources
  2. Access to natural resources and making rights real
  3. Livelihoods and access to natural resources in a rapidly changing world

This paper contributes to the first thematic area by using a case study of Kyrgyzstan to show how access to forests in West and Central Asia can contribute to poverty reduction through sustainable livelihood approaches. The study supports FAO’s Forestry Outlook Study which aims to better understand the dynamics and relationships between societies and nature and particularly the role of the forestry sector in socio-economic development.


Table of Contents


GLOSSARY

1. INTRODUCTION

2. FOREST, LIVELIHOODS AND POVERTY LINKAGES

3. BACKGROUND TO KYRGYZSTAN

3.1 Geography
3.2 Population and migration
3.3 History
3.4 Government system
3.5 Economy

4. POVERTY IN KYRGYZSTAN

5. FORESTS AND THE FOREST SECTOR IN KYRGYZSTAN

5.1 Area and types of forest
5.2 Forest sector institutional arrangements
5.3 Forest tenure and access
5.4 Collaborative Forest Management

6. POVERTY AND THE FOREST SECTOR

6.1 Introduction
6.2 Relationships between human settlements and forests
6.3 Walnut-fruit forests
6.4 Poplar plantations
6.5 Riverside forests
6.6 Juniper forests
6.7 Spruce forests

7. CONSTRAINTS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR POVERTY REDUCTION AND FORESTS IN KYRGYZSTAN

8. OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE REGION

8.1 Forest resources in West and Central Asia
8.2 Nature of forests
8.3 Role and state of forests
8.4 Forests, forest policy and poverty
8.5 Forest resources in national poverty reduction strategies
8.6 Concluding remarks on the West and Central Asia Region

9. CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

NOTE ON SOURCES OF INFORMATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE LSP

LSP WORKING PAPERS TO JUNE 2004