New Approaches To Participation In Fisheries Research-FIPL/C965

FAO Fisheries Circular No. 965

New approaches to participation in fisheries research


by
Jock Cambell
and
Venkatesh Salagrama


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

SUPPORT UNIT FOR INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES AND AQUATIC RESEARCH

Rome 2001

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 2001


CONTENTS


PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

ABBREVIATION USED IN THE TEXT

PART A - CONTEXT AND RATIONALE

1. PARTICIPATION: INTRODUCING THE CONCEPTS

1.1 PARTICIPATION: AN EVOLVING CONCEPT

1.1.1 RHETORIC OR REALITY?
1.1.2 DEFINING PARTICIPATION
1.1.3 THE HISTORIC CONTEXT
1.1.4 PARTICIPATION IN FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT

1.2 APPROACHES AND METHODS OF PARTICIPATION

1.2.1 APPROACHES TO PARTICIPATION
1.2.2 METHODS USED IN PARTICIPATORY APPROACHES

1.3 REASONS FOR INTEREST IN PARTICIPATION

1.3.1 FUNCTIONAL
1.3.2 EMPOWERING
1.3.3 PHILOSOPHICAL

2. RESEARCH AND PARTICIPATION

2.1 THE RESEARCH PROCESS

2.1.1 RESEARCH IN NATURAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
2.1.2 RESEARCH'S CONTRIBUTION TO DEVELOPMENT
2.1.3 RESEARCH AND DIFFERENT KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS

2.2 PARTICIPATION IN RESEARCH

2.2.1 LEVELS OF PARTICIPATION
2.2.2 CONSTRAINTS TO PARTICIPATION

2.3 TOWARDS A NEW FRAMEWORK FOR PARTICIPATION IN RESEARCH

2.3.1 THE LANGUAGE OF PARTICIPATION
2.3.2 AN EXPANDED FRAMEWORK FOR PARTICIPATION IN RESEARCH

PART B - CURRENT RESPONSES

3. FORMAL FISHERIES RESEARCH

3.1 THE AIMS AND PRIORITIES OF FORMAL FISHERIES RESEARCH
3.2 MODERN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH METHODS IN FISHERIES
3.3 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FORMAL FISHERIES RESEARCH

4. INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS IN FISHERIES

4.1 GENERATING AND TRANSFERRING INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE
4.2 THE SCOPE, EXTENT AND USE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN FISHERIES

5. COLLABORATION BETWEEN PROFESSIONAL AND COMMUNITY-BASED RESEARCHERS

5.1 THE EXPERIENCE OF PARTICIPATION IN RESEARCH IN AGRICULTURE
5.2 THE EXPERIENCE OF PARTICIPATION IN RESEARCH IN FISHERIES
5.3 UNDERLYING MOTIVES FOR INCREASED PARTICIPATION IN FISHERIES RESEARCH

PART C - OPTIONS FOR THE FUTURE

6. INTEGRATION OF FORMAL AND TRADITIONAL SYSTEMS

6.1 THE POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF MORE BALANCED PARTICIPATION
6.2 ISSUES TO BE CONSIDERED

6.2.1 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SECTOR
6.2.2 INSTITUTIONAL RESISTANCE
6.2.3 COST
6.2.4 POLITICAL RESISTANCE
6.2.5 EMPOWERMENT
6.2.6 LIMITATIONS OF THE APPROACHES AND METHODS
6.2.7 RESEARCH VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY
6.2.8 RESEARCH ETHICS

6.3 TOWARDS GREATER PARTICIPATION IN THE RESEARCH PROCESS

6.3.1 AWARENESS RAISING
6.3.2 CHANGE OF INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES AND PROCESSES
6.3.3 DEFINING THE RESEARCH NEED
6.3.4 DEFINING THE METHODOLOGY
6.3.5 ASSIGNING ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
6.3.6 IDENTIFICATION OF METHODS
6.3.7 RESEARCH IMPLEMENTATION
6.3.8 ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH RESULTS
6.3.9 DISSEMINATION OF THE RESEARCH RESULTS
6.3.10 APPLICATION OF THE KNOWLEDGE IN THE POLICY PROCESS
6.3.11 IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICY
6.3.12 EVALUATION OF POLICY IMPLEMENTATION
6.3.13 RESEARCH AGENDA SETTING AND PRIORITISATION

7. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

7.1 CONCLUSIONS
7.2 RECOMMENDATIONS

8. REFERENCES

ANNEX A: PARTICIPATORY METHODS AND THEIR APPLICATION IN FISHERIES RESOURCES RESEARCH

BACK COVER


How to Order