The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is pleased to present this document entitled "Health management and biosecurity maintenance in white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) hatcheries in Latin America" which was developed by representatives from 14 Latin American countries, and scientists and experts on shrimp hatchery production and health management, as well as by representatives from several regional and international agencies and organizations.
This document, a product of the FAO Regional Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) project - Assistance to health management of shrimp culture in Latin America, provides valuable guidance for efforts in reducing the risks of disease in hatchery production of P. vannamei and subsequent increase in production. It will also provide opportunities for improving overall biosecurity in the hatchery systems, which is pivotal in ensuring a healthy production process. Improved hatchery practices and processes contributing to increased production of white shrimp in Latin America will address the overall objectives of improving rural livelihoods, generating income, providing employment and increasing food security of countries in Latin America.
The countries that participated in the development of this document are: Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru and Venezuela.
This document refers to various disinfection protocols and practices used during the hatchery postlarval production process in Latin America. These procedures and protocols include the use of various chemicals and disinfectants. The chemical concentrations and exposure times given in this document are based on the existing practices in Latin America. FAO promotes the safe and responsible use of chemicals and disinfectants in aquaculture as part of an effort to reduce negative environmental impacts and improved human health safety. Persons who are using this document are encouraged to be considerate and responsible in the use of chemicals and disinfectants and are also encouraged to refer to OIE Guidelines on disinfection in shrimp aquaculture (OIE 2003).
FAO extends special thanks to all the governments, agencies and organizations that took part in this endeavour, as well as to all the individuals who generously contributed their time, effort and expertise to the compilation of this document and other information produced during the process.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
 See Annex I for the list of
persons, agencies and organizations that participated in the development of this