FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER 430

FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER 430

Fisheries in irrigation systems of arid Asia

edited by
Tomi Petr
Toowoomba, Queensland
Australia


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 2003

 

Table of Contents


Cover photos:
The larger photo shows a general view of the water outlet from Shardara reservoir (Kazakhstan) into the main irrigation canal. The inset is a close-up of the complex V-shaped fish deviation structure which prevents fish, that left the Shardara reservoir with the irrigation water, from entering the irrigation canal and allows them to re-enter the Syr Darya River. G. Marmulla/FAO.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-105047-3
ISSN 0429-9345

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Petr, T. (ed.)
Fisheries in irrigation systems of arid Asia.
FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 430. Rome, FAO. 2003. 150p.

ABSTRACT

This Fisheries Technical Paper is a companion to the Report of the FAO Expert Consultation on the Use of Irrigation Systems for Sustainable Fish Production in Arid Countries of Asia (FAO Fisheries Report No. 679). The consultation was held at Almaty, Kazakhstan, from 25 to 29 September 2001.

This document brings together twelve papers that review the present use of irrigation systems for fisheries in the countries of the arid belt of Asia, from Turkey to China. The individual papers deal with the following countries and areas: Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (China), India, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Turkey and Uzbekistan. While some countries in the arid belt are well advanced in the field of fish production from waterbodies of irrigation systems, others are experiencing major difficulties arising from recent changes in their political and economic systems, particularly Mongolia and the countries of Central Asia. Such countries require major assistance. The document includes a summary of recommendations and proposals for further action, as formulated by the expert consultation.

© FAO 2003


CONTENTS

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
FOREWORD

FISH STOCKS AND FISHERIES IN IRRIGATION SYSTEMS IN ARID ASIA
(by T. Petr)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Situation in the arid zone of Asia
3. Fish stocks and fisheries in irrigation systems of the arid zone of Asia
4. Rehabilitation and enhancement of fish stocks and fisheries
5. Discussion
References

THE USE OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE FISH PRODUCTION IN PAKISTAN
(by Nasim Akhtar)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Rivers, river systems and agriculture considerations
3. Fish and fisheries considerations
4. Intersectoral cooperation to optimize the use of irrigation systems for fish production
5. Recommendations
References
Annex 1
Annex 2
Annex 3
Annex 4

THE USE OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE FISH PRODUCTION IN TURKEY
(by R. Celebi)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. The southeastern anatolian project (GAP)
3. Discussion
References

THE USE OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE FISH PRODUCTION IN INDIA
(by B.P. Das)

Abstract
1. Water resources of India and irrigation development
2. Water for irrigation
3. Some problems
4. Use of irrigation systems for fish production
5. Impact of irrigation development on fisheries
6. Potential for the use of irrigation system for fish production
7. Constraints and remedies
8. Orissa and regional experience
9. Flow-through system
10. Concluding remarks
References

IRRIGATION IN INDIA
(by P.V. Dehadrai)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Water resources of India

THE USE OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS FOR FISH PRODUCTION IN KYRGYZSTAN
(by D. Djancharov)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Lake Issyk-Kul
3. Lake Son-Kul
4. Toktogul reservoir
5. Other reservoirs
6. Discussion

THE IMPACT OF DROUGHT ON AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES IN IRAN
(by M. Foghi)

Abstract
1. Water crisis in Iran and agriculture production
2. Irrigation systems in Iran
3. Aquaculture in Iran
4. Consequences of drought on fisheries in Iran
5. Diversification of fisheries production given the water limitation
6. Impact of aquaculture

IRRIGATION AND FISH PRODUCTION IN MONGOLIA
(by Dashdorj Ganbaatar)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Irrigation systems and agriculture in Mongolia
3. Fish fauna and fisheries in Mongolia
References

FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT IN XINJIANG, CHINA
(by Guo Yan)

Abstract
1. Background
2. Xinjiang fisheries
3. Current problems of fisheries in Xinjiang
4. Discussion
References

THE USE OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL AND FISH PRODUCTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
(by Khismet Ismukhanov and Valiakhmet Mukhamedzhanov)

Abstract
1. Irrigation farming systems in Kazakhstan
2. Fisheries in irrigation systems of Kazakhstan
3. Discussion

THE USE OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE FISH PRODUCTION: UZBEKISTAN
(by Bakhtiyar Kamilov)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Irrigation systems
3. Aral sea crisis
4. Fish fauna
5. Fisheries
6. Conclusions
References

UZBEKISTAN IRRIGATION SYSTEMS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT POTENTIAL FOR FISHERIES IN REGIONAL CONTEXT
(by P. Umarov)

Abstract
1. Status of the use of irrigation systems for fish production in Uzbekistan
2. Potential for the use of irrigation systems for fish production
3. Constraints in using irrigation systems for fish production
4. Recommendations for better use of irrigation systems for fish production
5. Regional situation
References

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