FAO COMMODITY STUDIES NO. 1

FAO
COMMODITY
STUDIES
1

The World Banana Economy
1985-2002

prepared by
Pedro Arias
Cora Dankers
Pascal Liu
Paul Pilkauskas

 

  Raw Materials, Tropical and Horticultural Products Service (ESCR)
Commodity and Trade Division

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, 2003

Table of Contents



The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of the frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-105057-0
ISSN 1810 - 0783

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© FAO 2003


Table of Contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1: OVERVIEW OF WORLD BANANA PRODUCTION AND TRADE

1.1 Introduction
1.2 World Banana Production
1.3 Exports
1.4 Imports
1.5 Prices
1.6 Consumption

CHAPTER 2: BANANA EXPORTING COUNTRIES

2.1 Introduction
2.2 Ecuador
2.3 Costa Rica
2.4 Colombia
2.5 Other Latin American Countries
2.6 The Caribbean
2.7 The Philippines
2.8 Africa

CHAPTER 3: BANANA IMPORTING COUNTRIES AND TRADE POLICIES

3.1 Introduction
3.2 The European Union
3.3 The United States of America
3.4 Japan
3.5 Russia
3.6 China
3.7 Other Importing Countries

CHAPTER 4: TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Crop Breeding
4.3 Sowing
4.4 Pests and Diseases
4.5 Environmentally-friendly and socially-acceptable technologies
4.6 Transportation
4.7 Ripening

CHAPTER 5: ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Environmental issues
5.3 Social issues
5.4 Addressing the challenges
5.5 Environmental and social certification programmes
5.6 The markets for certified organic and fair-trade bananas

CHAPTER 6: TRANSNATIONAL COMPANIES IN THE WORLD BANANA ECONOMY

6.1 Introduction
6.2 The central role of TNCs in international banana trade
6.3 Changes in competitive positions among the TNCs
6.4 Trade policy changes and TNCs: impacts and responses
6.5 Economic changes and TNCs: impacts and responses
6.6 TNCs and social accountability
6.7 Medium-term outlook for the TNCs

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX

BACK COVER


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