Soil productivity and environmental concerns have revived global interest in organic recycling practices such as composting. Composting is an attractive proposition for turning on-farm organic waste material into a valuable farm resource. A range of approaches to composting for different situations have been used. However, the information on recently evolved quick composting methodologies, especially those suited to small farmers, remains scattered and needs consolidation. The publication presents an overview of on-farm composting methodologies with special emphasis on rapid composting processes, and is intended to promote their wide-scale adoption with the ultimate objectives of improving soil productivity in developing countries and protecting the environment from degradation.