FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER 433/1
FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER 433/1

Measuring and assessing capacity in fisheries
1. Basic concepts and management options

by
J.M. Ward
National Marine Fisheries Service
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Silver Spring, Maryland
United States of America

J.E. Kirkley
College of William and Mary
Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Gloucester Point, Virginia
United States of America

R. Metzner
Fishery Policy and Planning Division
FAO Fisheries Department Rome,
Italy

and

S. Pascoe
Centre for the Economics and Management of Aquatic Resources
University of Portsmouth Portsmouth,
United Kingdom


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2004
   
 

Table of Contents


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ISBN 92-5-105015-5
ISSN 0429-9345

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© FAO 2004

Ward, J.M.; Kirkley, J.E.; Metzner, R.; Pascoe, S.
Measuring and assessing capacity in fisheries. 1. Basic concepts and management options.
FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 433/1. Rome, FAO. 2004. 40p.

ABSTRACT

This Fisheries Technical Paper provides an overview of the main concepts involved in the assessment and management of fishing capacity. It discusses why capacity management and the problem of overcapacity have become key issues for fisheries management in the new millennium. The paper explains why overcapacity develops in the fishery and the role that fisheries management has played in contributing to this development in the past.

Methods for estimating current and desired levels of capacity are discussed in a non-technical manner, and a range of potential indicators of overcapacity is described. The effectiveness of various capacity management programmes that have been applied in various fisheries around the world is also discussed, along with an explanation as to why many of these programmes have been ineffective. Potential management systems that have proven effective in reducing overcapacity are also presented and discussed.


CONTENTS

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 Capacity: effort, catch or vessels?
1.2 Capacity utilization, excess capacity, overcapitalization and overcapacity
1.3 Target capacity and the objectives of management
1.4 The need to assess fishing capacity

2. CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF OVERCAPACITY

2.1 The link between markets and capacity

2.1.1 The link between markets and excess capacity
2.1.2 The link between markets and overcapacity

2.2 Consequences of overcapacity

2.2.1 Bio-economic consequences of overcapacity
2.2.2 Social and political consequences

3. ASSESSING CAPACITY

3.1 Input-based capacity
3.2 Output-based capacity
3.3 Indicators and measures of excess and overcapacity

3.3.1 Quantitative measures of excess and overcapacity
3.3.2 Subjective measures of excess and overcapacity
3.3.3 Qualitative indicators of overcapacity
3.3.4 Use of indicators for assessing capacity

4. MANAGEMENT AND REGULATORY REGIMES FOR REDUCING OVERCAPACITY

4.1 Incentive blocking and incentive adjusting mechanisms: an example
4.2 Applying capacity-reducing measures: equity, fairness and displacement

5. CONCLUSIONS

APPENDIX A: CAPACITY MANAGEMENT PROGRAMMES

Incentive blocking programmes

Limited entry
Buyback programmes
Gear and vessel restrictions
Aggregate quotas
Non-transferable vessel catch limits
Individual effort quotas

Incentive adjusting programmes

Individual transferable quotas
Taxes and royalties
Group fishing rights
Territorial use rights (TURFs)

REFERENCES

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