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Akiyama, T. & Larson, D.F. 1994. The Adding-up Problem, Policy Research Working Paper 1245, The World Bank.

Barghouti, Shawki; Kane, Samuel & Sorby, Kristina (forthcoming). Implementing pro-poor agricultural diversification: practical guidance from past experiences. Agriculture and Rural Development Department, World Bank, Washington.

Barrett, H.R., Ilbery, B.W., Browne, A.W., & Binns, T. 1999. Globalization and the changing networks of food supply: the importation of fresh horticultural produce from Kenya to the UK. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 24.

Bhagwati, J. 1958. Immiserizing Growth: A Geometrical Note, Review of Economic Studies, 25, pp. 201-205.

Bowen, B. 2001. Let's go fair. In :EFTA Yearbook: Challenges of Fair Trade 2001 to 2003.

CBI (Centre for the Promotion of Imports from Developing Countries). 2002. European Union Market Survey of Organic Food Products, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

COLEACP/Cabinet Gressard/UNCTAD. 1998. Export logistics for ACP countries for fruit and vegetables and horticultural products. Based on document of August 1998.

Collinson, Chris. 2001. The business costs of ethical supply chain management: Kenyan flower industry case study. Natural Resources Institute, Kent, UK.

Coote, Claire, Greenhalgh, Peter, & Orchard, John. 2003. High value horticulture and organic export markets for sub-Saharan Africa. Natural Resources Institute, Kent, UK.

Damiani, O. 1999. Beyond market failures: Irrigation, the state and non-traditional agriculture in North East Brazil. PhD Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Boston.

Dolan, C. & Humphrey, J. 2000. Governance and trade in fresh vegetables: the impact of the UK Supermarkets on the African horticulture industry. Journal of Development Studies, December 2000.

Dolan, C., Humphrey, J. & Harris-Pascal, C. 1999. Horticulture commodity chains: The impact of the UK market on the African fresh vegetable industry. Working Paper 96. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.

ECLAC. 2002. Working Paper No. 92, Costa Rica, Foreign Direct Investment and Multinational Enterprises: Effects on the Local Economy, Employment and Skills Training.

FAO. 1997. The impact of the Uruguay Round on tariff escalation in agricultural products. Trade Policy Group, Commodities and Trade Division, Rome.

FAO. 2001. Report of the second expert meeting on socially and environmentally responsible banana production and trade. Costa Rica, 2001. Commodities and Trade Division, FAO, Rome.

FAO. 2003. World markets for organic citrus and citrus juices: current market situation and medium-term prospects. Commodities and Trade Division, Rome.

FAO, International Trade Centre (ITC) and Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA). 2001. World markets for organic fruit and vegetables: opportunities for developing countries in the production and export of organic horticultural products. FAO, Rome.

Fearne, A. & Hughes, D. 1998. Success factors in the fresh produce supply chain: some examples from the UK. Executive Summary, Wye College, London.

FLO. 2002. Report 01/02: Mainstreaming fair trade labelling, Bonn, Germany.

Greenhalgh, Peter. Personal communication. Natural Resources Institute, Kent. UK.

Harris, P.J.C., Browne, A.W., Barrett, H.R. & Cadoret, K. 2001. Facilitatingthe inclusion of the resource-poor in organic production and trade in opportunities and constraints posed by certification. HDRA, UK.

Heri, Stanley. 2000. The growth and development of the horticultural sector in Zimbabwe, Horticultural Promotion Council, Zimbabwe for UNCTAD Conference.

Humphrey, John & Oetero, Antje. 2000. Strategies for diversification and adding value to food exports: A value chain perspective. UNCTAD Conference on Trade and Development

Imran, M. & R. Duncan. 1988. Optimal Export Taxes for Exporters of Perennial Crops, Policy, Planning and Research Working Paper WPS 10, The World Bank.

ICC (International Chamber of Commerce). 2002. Fact Sheet on Direct Foreign Investment.

ITC. 2002. Overview of World Markets for Organic Foods and Beverages, (

Ito, Kenzo & Dyck, John. 2002. Vegetable policies in Japan, Economic Research Service Outlook Report, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

Jaffee, Stephen. 1993. Exporting high-value food commodities: success stories from developing countries. World Bank Discussion Paper 198, Washington, United States.

Jaffee, Stephen. 2003. From challenge to opportunity: the transformation of the Kenyan fresh vegetable trade in the context of emerging food safety and other standards, PREM Trade Unit.

Josling, Timothy & Tangermann, Stefan. 1998. The Agriculture and Food Sectors: The Role of Foreign Direct Investment in the Creation of an Integrated European Agriculture. In John Zysman and Andrew Schwartz, eds. Enlarging Europe: The Industrial Foundations of a New Political Reality. University of California Press/University of California International and Area Studies Digital Collection, (99): 273-294.

Lambert, Andrew. 2002. A scoping study for detailed case-studies of trade facilitation/export promotion projects for NTAEs in SSA. The World Bank Africa Region Rural Development.

Marchant, Mary A., Manukyan, Tigran & Koo, Won. 2002. International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment: A Focus on the Free Trade Area of the Americas. In Free Trade Area of the Americas, the WTO, and New Farm Legislation: Responding to Opportunities and Challenges conference proceedings. San Antonio, TX May 24-25, 2002.

NRI. 2002. Smallholders in export horticulture: a guide to best practices. Natural Resources Institute, Kent, UK. CD Rom.

NRI/IDS. 1999. Enhancing the development impact of export horticulture in SSA. Workshop proceedings. Natural Resources Institute and Institute of Development Studies, UK.

OECD. 2003. Committee on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, Apri.

PPEA Senegal. 2003. Fruits and vegetables, export supply chains. field based operational lessons: agricultural export promotion project. World Bank, Washington.

Reardon, Thomas, Berdegué, Julio & Farringdon, John. 2002. Supermarkets and Farming in Latin America: Pointing Directions for Elsewhere? Natural Resource Perspectives, Number 81, December 2002, Overseas Development Institute, London.

Roberts, Donna & Krissof, Barry. 2001. Factors behind the changes in trade patterns in fruits and vegetables: the WTO Agreement on sanitary and phytosanitary barriers.

SASKI. 2003. Linking farmers to markets: mango exports from Mali to Europe. Good practice note. African Region - Agricultural and Rural Development Department, World Bank, Washington.

Schiff, M. 1994. Commodity Exports and the Adding-up Problem in Developing Countries, Policy Research Working Paper 1338, The World Bank.

Smelt, Anita & Jager, Andre. 2002. Review of the impact of changes in EU pesticides legislation (directive 2000/42/EG) on fresh food exports from developing countries in the EU. University of Wageningen, Netherlands.

Tallontire, Ann. 2000. Partnerships in fair trade: reflections from a case study of Cafédirect. Development in Practice, Volume 10, Number 2.

UNCTAD. 2002. Investment and innovation policy review, Ethiopia. UNCTAD/ITE/IPE Misc. 4, Geneva.

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