FAO Fisheries Circular No. 1003
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
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Macfadyen, G.; Huntington, T.
Human capacity development in fisheries is increasingly recognized as a high priority, especially as regards to meeting the targets set by the World Summit on Sustainable Development in the areas of global reporting and assessment of the state of the environment by 2004, implementing recent International Plans of Action (e.g. on fishing capacity by 2005, and on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing by 2004), applying the ecosystem approach by 2012 and maintaining or restoring fish stocks by 2015. A special focus on human capacity development is particularly important now, partly because of new approaches to fisheries management and also because of changes in the international development context driven by the failure of many previous development initiatives and the realization of the key role that capacity development must play in supporting sustainable development.
This discussion paper first presents conceptual ideas on capacity development, then examines capacity development needs in fisheries, past approaches to capacity development (both in fisheries and other sectors) and key lessons that can be drawn from them. A review of current approaches assesses ongoing initiatives, leading to a discussion on the wide range of possible delivery mechanisms. Finally, a strategy for human capacity development in fisheries is introduced, along with related actions and models followed by some key recommendations on research topics.
© FAO 2004
Preparation of this Document
List of Acronyms
1. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
1.2 Explanation of terms
1.3 Why revisit capacity development objectives now?
2. IDENTIFICATION OF NEEDS
2.1 Important factors in determining needs
2.2 Human capacity development needs in fisheries
3. PAST APPROACHES AND LESSONS FOR HUMAN CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT
3.1 Historic approaches
3.2 Successes and failures in capacity development
3.2.1 What is success, and who defines it?
3.2.2 Evidence of successes and key lessons
4. CURRENT APPROACHES TO HUMAN CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT AND A REVIEW OF DELIVERY MECHANISMS
4.1.1 Fisheries sector
4.1.2 Other sectors
4.1.3 Training needs assessment and curriculum development
4.2 Delivery mechanisms
4.2.1 Face to face mechanisms
4.2.2 Remote mechanisms
4.2.3 Partnerships and service providers
4.2.4 Mixed use of mechanisms
4.2.5 Summary of delivery mechanisms
5. STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR HUMAN CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT IN FISHERIES
5.2 Nature and scope
5.2.1 Nature of the Strategic Framework
5.2.2 Scope of the Strategic Framework
5.3 Vision, goal and objectives of the Strategic Framework
5.4 Guiding principles
5.5 Key strategies and required actions
5.6 Promotion and implementation mechanisms
5.7 Practical checklist for individual initiatives
6. KEY RECOMMENDATIONS ON RESEARCH TOPICS
Appendix A: Terms of Reference
Appendix B: References
Appendix C: Participants in the Working Party
Appendix D: Review Of HCD Approaches
Appendix E: Requirements for Modern Fisheries Management
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