FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report No.2 - September 2005 p.13

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In spite of above average cereal production in 2004, estimated at about 1.1 million tonnes, very high food prices have been reported across the country. This is due to higher-than-normal exports to neighbouring countries, caused by a drop in production in Sahelian countries and lower food supplies and high food prices in several other coastal countries.

 WheatRiceCoarse GrainsTotal Cereals
 [thousand tonnes]
Previous year production (incl. paddy rice)-659891 054
Previous five years average production (incl. paddy rice)-54924978
Previous year imports6114022031/
Previous five years average imports54852141
2005 Domestic Availability-391 0951 134
2004 Production (incl. paddy rice)-651 0451 110
2004 Production (incl. milled rice)-391 0451 084
Possible stock drawdown--5050
2005 Utilization611621 0981 321
Food use55105621781
Non-food use16257265
Exports or re-exports530220255
Possible stock build up-20-20
2005 Import Requirement6112331871/
Anticipated commercial imports60108-168
of which: received or contracted1074-83
Food aid needs115319
Current Aid Position    
Food aid pledges-14317
of which: delivered-14216
Donor-financed purchases----
of which: for local use----
for export----
Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/year)81589112
2004 Production compared to average (incl. paddy rice)-120113113
2005 Import requirement compared to average113145150133
Cereal share of total calorie intake   36
Additional Information    
Major foodcropsroots; tubers; maize
Lean seasonApril-June
Population (000s)6 964   
GNI per capita in 2003 (US$)440   
1/ Includes 5 000 tonnes of wheat and 30 000 tonnes of rice for re-exports.

FAO/GIEWS - September 2005

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