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Amariei, L. 2004. Legal compliance in the forest sector. Case study: Cambodia. Report to FAO/ITTO, Rome.

Amariei, L. 2005. Legal compliance in the forest sector. Case study: Cameroon. Report to FAO/ITTO, Rome.

Auzel, P., Fomete, T., Joseph, O. & Owada, J.C. 2002. Evolution of the exploitation of Cameroon's forests: national production, illegal exploitation, perspectives. London, UK, Department for International Development (DFID). Available at:

Bojanic, A. & Bulte, E.H. 2002. Financial viability of natural forest management in Bolivia: environmental regulation and the dissipation and distribution of profits. Forest Policy and Economics, 4: 239-250.

Brack, D. 2005. Illegal logging. Briefing Paper SDP BP 05/02. London, UK, Chatham House.

Brown, D. & Luttrell, C. 2004. Review of independent forest monitoring. London, UK, Overseas Development Institute (ODI) for DFID. Available at:

Callister, D.J. 1999. Corrupt and illegal activities in the forestry sector: current understandings, and implications for World Bank Forest Policy. Draft for discussion. Available at:

International Council of Forest and Paper Associations (ICFPA). 2002. International Council of Forest and Paper Associations Statement on Illegal Logging. Available at:

Chinese Council of International Cooperation for the Environment and Development (CCICED). 2002. Implementing the natural forest protection program and the sloping land conversion program: lessons and policy recommendations. Western China Forest Grasslands Task Force. Available at:

Christy, L. 2004. Designing forestry legislation to improve compliance. Consultant report to FAO, Rome.

Contreras-Hermosilla, A. & Vargas Rios, M.T. 2002. Social, environmental and economic dimensions of forest policy reforms in Bolivia. Washington, DC, USA, Forest Trends & Bogor, Indonesia, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).

Del Gatto, F. 2003. Support for the implementation of the forest and wildlife legislation in Mozambique. FAO Project TCP/MOZ/2904 (A). Preliminary Discussion Document, draft version. Direcção Nacional de Florestas e Fauna Bravia (DNFFB) & FAO.

Dickson, T. 2002. The financial case for behaving responsibly. The Financial Times , 19 August.

Eastin, I. & Perez-Garcia, J. 2002. Discrepancies in forest products trade statistics. Seattle, Washington, USA, University of Washington, Center for International Trade in Forest Products.

Embido, O. 2001. Forest law enforcement and investigation techniques in the Philippines. Paper for the Forest Law Enforcement and Governance: East Asia Ministerial Conference, Bali, Indonesia, September 11-13.

FAO. 2001a. Forest finance: the forest revenue system and government expenditure on forestry in Niger. Working Paper: FSFM/WP/05. Accra, Ghana, FAO Regional Office for Africa.

FAO. 2001b. Forests out of bounds: impacts and effectiveness of logging bans in natural forests in Asia-Pacific, ed. P.B. Durst, T. Waggener, T. Enters & T. Lay Cheng. Bangkok, Thailand, Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission.

FAO. 2003. Cross-sectoral policy impacts between forestry and other sectors , by Y.C. Dubé & F. Schmithüsen. FAO Forestry Paper 142. Rome.

FAO. 2004a. Simpler forest management plans for participatory forestry. Forestry Policy and Institutions Working Paper. Rome.

FAO. 2004b. Helping make rights a reality: Centro de Formação Jurídica e Judiciária's innovative programme of support to the judiciary in implementing Mozambique's new natural resource laws. Development Law Service Paper. Rome.

FERN. 2005. EU Forest Watch. Issue 95 , April. Available at:

Fiji Forestry Department. 2000. Forestry export monitoring system. Final report of a joint Forestry/ITTO project.

Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Cordillera Volcánica Central (FUNDECOR). 2005. See:

Global Forest Watch. 2002. WRI, Cameroon ink pact to monitor forests, curb illegal logging. Available at:

Global Witness. 2004a Taking a cut - institutionalised corruption and illegal logging in Cambodia's aural wildlife sanctuary. Washington, DC, USA. Available at:

Global Witness. 2004b. Resources, conflict and corruption. The work of Global Witness. London, Uk.

Global Witness. 2005a. Forest law enforcement in Cameroon: third summary report of the independent observer July 2003 - February 2005.

Global Witness. 2005b. A guide to independent forest monitoring. London, UK. Available at:

Greenpeace. 2001a. Amazon mahogany criminals busted - US$7 million of "green gold" seized. Available at:

Greenpeace. 2001b. Greenpeace investigations in Amazon lead to historic decision by Brazilian Government. Available at:

ITTO. 2004. Report on the case studies on assessing export and import data on tropical, timber and tropical timber products. Report to the 37th session of the International Tropical Timber Council, Yokohama, Japan.

ITTO. 2005. Annual review and assessment of the world timber situation 2004. Yokohama, Japan. Available at:

Kaufmann, D., Pradhan, S. & Ryterman, R. 2001. New frontiers in diagnosing and combating corruption. In Improving governance and controlling corruption. Washington, DC, USA, World Bank Institute.

Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A. & Mastruzzi, M. 2003. Governance matters III: governance indicators for 1996-2002. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3106. Available at:

Lindsay, J. 2004. Legal frameworks and access to common pool resources. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods , 14: 263-279.

Lindsay, J., Mekouar, A. & Christy, L. 2002. Why law matters: design principles for strengthening the role of forestry legislation in reducing illegal activities and corrupt practices. FAO Legal Paper Online 27. Rome, FAO.

MINAE. 2002. Estrategia para el control de la tala illegal 2002 - 2007. San José, Costa Rica.

Molnar, A., Scherr, S. & Khare, A. 2003. Who conserves the world's forests? Community-driven strategies to protect forests and respect rights. Washington, DC, USA, Forest Trends.

Ortiz, S. 2000. Community forestry for profit and conservation: a successful community management experience in timber production and marketing in Guatemala. Tropical Forest Update , 10(1): 10-12.

Pacheco, P. 2004. Law compliance: Bolivia case study. Report to FAO, Rome.

Peter, E. 2003. The PEFC scheme, an update. Background study for Footprints in the forest - current practice and future challenges in forest certification. Taiga Consulting. Available at:

Pettenella, D. & Santi, G. 2004. Illegal logging and responsibility in wood procurement of Italian enterprises and customers. Paper for FAO. Padua, Italy, University of Padua.

Richards, M. 2004. A review of illegal logging and forest law compliance in Indonesia. Report to FAO/ITTO, Rome.

Royal Institute of International Affairs. 2004. A legality standard for timber products from Indonesia. Draft number 1.0. Available at:

Ryder, S. & Amariei, L. 2003. FSC certification and strengthening legal compliance in the forest products trade. Paper for the Seminar on Strategies for the Sound Use of Wood, Poiana Brasov, Romania, 24-27 March.

Seneca Creek Associates & Wood Resources International. 2004. "Illegal" logging and global wood markets: the competitive impacts on the US wood products industry. Report prepared for the American Forest and Paper Association, Poolesville, Maryland, USA.

Scherr, S., White, A. & Kaimowitz, D. 2004. A new agenda for forest conservation and poverty reduction: making markets work for low-income producers. Washington, DC, USA, Forest Trends.

Schnatterly, K. 2003. Code of ethics. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota.

Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental. 2003. Desarrollo e implementación de control de la extracción ilegal para un manejo forestal sostenible en el Perú. Report to the 34th session of the ITTC, Panama City, Panama, 12-17 May.

State Government of Mato Grosso & State Foundation of the Environment (FEMA). 2001. Environmental control system on rural properties. Available at:

The Economist. 2003. Cut down. The courts versus the rainforest. 30 October 2003. London, UK.

The Nature Conservancy & WWF. 2005. Alliance: building market linkages to conserve Indonesia's forests. Brochure.

Thiel, H. 2004. El inicio de una reforma política, institucional y normativa en el sector forestal ecuatoriano y el Sistema Nacional Tercerizado de Control Forestal del Ecuador. Un estudio de caso. Paper prepared for FAO, Rome.

Thomas, V., Dailami, M., Dhareshwar, A., Kaufmann, D., Kishor, N., López, R. & Wang, Y. 2000. The quality of growth: key to less poverty and better lives for all. New York, USA, Oxford University Press.

Timber Trade Federation (TTF), United Kingdom. 2005. Code of Conduct. Available at:

Transparency International. 2004a. Report on the Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2004. Berlin, Germany. Available at:

Transparency International. 2004b. Anti-corruption handbook. Berlin, Germany. Available at:

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). 2005. Corruption. Available at: ption.html

USAID. 2002. Guidance for promoting judicial independence and impartiality. Technical Publication Series, Office of Democracy and Governance. Washington, DC, USA.

Wells, A., Del Gatto, F., Richards, M., Pommier, D. & Contreras, A. 2004. Rural livelihoods, forest law and the illegal timber trade in Honduras and Nicaragua. A case study for CIFOR/PROFOR.

Wesberry, J. 2001. Combating fraud in procurement and contracting. In D. Kaufmann, M. Gonzales de Asis & P. Dininio, Improving governance and controlling corruption. Toward a participatory and action-oriented approach grounded on empirical rigor. Washington, DC, USA, World Bank Institute.

White, A. & Martin, A. 2002. Who owns the world's forests? Forest tenure and public forests in transition. Washington, DC, USA, Forest Trends & Center for International Environmental Law.

Whiteman, A. 2003. An economic framework to analyse illegal activities in the forestry sector. Paper submitted to the XII World Forestry Congress, Quebec City, Canada, 21-28 September 2003. Available at:

World Bank. 2004. Doing business in 2005. Removing obstacles to growth. Washington, DC, USA, Oxford University Press & World Bank.

World Resources Institute. 2001. Independent forest concession monitoring system in Central Africa. Update prepared by Global Forest Watch in collaboration with Interafrican Forest Industries Association and World Conservation Union.

World Bank/WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use. 2005. Illegal logging and law enforcement in Indonesia. Findings from the World Bank and WWF Alliance Assessment Process (draft).

Zapata, J.B. 2005. El rol de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en la implementación de los programas forestales nacionales. Paper presented at side event on civil society participation in national forest programmes, 17th session of the FAO Committee on Forestry (COFO), Rome, 15-19 March 2005.

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