Why do household interviews?
Household interviews are useful for understanding linkages between livelihood assets, livelihood strategies and livelihood outcomes
Life histories are a good way to learn about why people fall into poverty and how they get out of poverty and how shocks affect the process
Interviews with selected upper, middle and lower stratum households allow us to cross-check and validate the information provided by leaders and other key informants
Household interviews enable us to learn how policies and institutions affect the asset base of non-poor, average and poor households
Household interviews allow mission members to learn about categories of households who do not participate in PRA and focus group sessions. For instance, women and men in the poorest households are difficult to reach through PRAs and focus group sessions because they are too poor to participate (too busy working for meals) and they dare not speak up in public.
Doing household interviews at the homestead enables us to observe living conditions, domestic animals, housing and fields, often leading to unexpected discoveries
Plan for household profiles (separate day)
In each site (village), using wealth ranking and card sorting, select at random 3 households in each wealth category for household interviews at their homesteads, of which at least 3 should be female-headed households
The household interview for each household should cover:
Household composition (human capital)
Household resource base (access to land, water, natural resources; ownership of livestock, physical capital, financial capital)
Membership in kinship networks, exchange-labour groups, informal groups, formal groups, patron/client relationships, etc.
Household livelihood systems and strategies
Risk and vulnerability (frequency of shocks; effects of shocks on livelihood systems, assets and well-being; coping mechanisms; strategies for dealing with risk)
Livelihood outcomes (level of wealth and well-being)
Perceived livelihood problems /opportunities /priorities
Feedback on the project - interest in/familiarity with the project and what it offers?
Perceived relevance, utility and affordability of what the project offers
Reasons for participating / not participating
Feedback on partners and preferred delivery systems: whom do villagers trust? Why?
Module 5 - Checklist 5A - Questions on household livelihood strategies
Household composition and resource base
Policies, institutions and processes
Module 5 - Checklist 5B - Guide for analysis of household livelihood systems
Characteristics of typical non-poor, middle and poor households
How does the historical, political and institutional context influence household assets?
How do assets affect livelihood options of different categories of households?
What are the main livelihood sources and strategies of different categories of households?
What are the trends in living standards of poor and non-poor households?
What are the causes of differences in wealth and poverty?
 Split team in two or more
sub-groups, paired with an interpreter if necessary|