From vision to action. A synthesis of experiences in least-developed countries in Southeast Asia

RAP PUBLICATION 2004/32

FROM VISION TO ACTION
A SYNTHESIS OF EXPERIENCES IN LEAST-DEVELOPED COUNTRIES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

THE FAO-ESCAP PILOT PROJECT ON NATIONAL WATER VISIONS — PHASE 2
Bangkok, December 2004

Le Huu Ti
Economic Affairs Officer
Water Resources Section
Environment and Sustainable Development Division
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

&

Thierry Facon
Senior Water Management Officer
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok
and
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific


This Final Project Report was prepared for the Environment and Natural Resources Development Division of ESCAP and the FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.

The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or of the governments involved in the project.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.



ISBN 974-7946-66-1

All rights reserved

This publication may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, by any method or process, without written permission from the copyright holders. Applications for such permission with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction desired should be addressed to the Meetings and Publications Office, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand, and to the Head of the Environment and Natural Resources Development Division, ESCAP, UN Building, Rachadamnern Nok, Bangkok 10200, Thailand.

FAO/ESCAP 2004

CONTENTS

1. From Vision to Action: A Synthesis of National Water Visions in Least-Developed Countries in Southeast Asia

— Le Huu Ti and Thierry Facon

2. National Water Vision to Action for the Kingdom of Cambodia

— Theng Tara, Le Huu Ti and Thierry Facon

3. From National Water Vision to Action: A Framework for Integrated Water Resources Management in the Lao People's Democratic Republic

— Pholchaleun Nonthaxay, Chanthanet Boulapha and Choung Phanrajsavong

4. Report on the Formulation of a National Water Vision to Action in the
Union of Myanmar

— Special Working Team of the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation

LISTS OF TABLES

Table 1.1 GDP growth of LDCs in Southeast Asia (in percent)

Table 2.1 Estimated water withdrawals

Table 2.2 Institutional basis for water resources management

Table 2.3 Interactions between competing uses of water

Table 3.1 Organizations with a direct interest in the water sector

Table 4.1 Potential water resources in Myanmar

Table 4.2 Hydropower potential in Myanmar

Table 4.3 Annual groundwater potential in Myanmar

Table 4.4 Myanmar GDP (at 1985/86 constant producer prices)

Table 4.5 Education status in Myanmar (%)

Table 4.6 Estimated poverty rates by state and division (%)

Table 4.7 Share of water resources used in river basins (km3)

Table 4.8 Growth of irrigated area (1900-2001)

Table 4.9 Production of selected crops

Table 4.10 Production of fish and prawns by nature of catch

Table 4.11 Electric power installation by type and location

Table 4.12 Overseas visitors

Table 4.13 Hotels, motels and inns/guesthouses by type of ownership

Table 4.14 Pre-independence irrigation facilities

Table 4.15 Post-independence irrigation facilities

Table 4.16 Completed hydropower stations

Table 4.17 Increase in irrigated area 

Table 4.18 Annual surface and groundwater potential in Myanmar

Table 4.19 List of hydropower and thermal power projects of the first five-year plan

Table 4.20 River water pumping irrigation projects in thirty-year master plan

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 2.1 Mean monthly rainfall and evaporation at Phnom Penh meteorological station

Figure 2.2 Maximum and minimum water levels at Kampong Cham, on the Mekong river, 1990-2001

Figure 2.3 Water sources for domestic supply

Figure 4.1 Hydropower potential in Myanmar

ANNEXES

Annex 2.1 Round-table meeting on water resources management in Cambodia:Vision to action

Annex 4.1 Water laws in Myanmar

Annex 4.2 Water pricing in Myanmar

Annex 4.3 Various agencies and departments engaged in water use sector

GLOSSARY

ADB   

Asian Development Bank

ASEAN   

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

FAO   

Food and Agriculture Organization

GDP   

Gross domestic product

GISG   

eographic Information System

JICA   

Japan International Cooperation Agency

LDC   

Least-developed country

MOWRAM   

Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology

MW   

Megawatt

NGO   

Non-governmental organization

R&D   

Research and development

RAP   

Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

SLORC   

State Law and Order Restoration Council

UNCHS   

United Nations Centre for Human Settlements

UNDP   

United Nations Development Programme

UNESCAP   

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

UNICEF   

United Nations Children's Fund

WHO   

World Health Organization

WTO   

World Trade Organization