This is a general overview of the activities in the livestock sector in the APHCA region during 2003-04 irrespective of source of funding and the executing groups (RAP livestock group, officers from the Animal Production and Health Division in FAO headquarters, Rome (AGA)). We appreciate the continued support by our colleagues from headquarters.
While in the period 2002 and 2003 activities had to be delayed, postponed or cancelled because of the war in Iraq and the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the 2003-04 period was marked by the outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), confirmed in early 2004 with an unprecedented spread in geographic distribution and number of poultry involved. Sadly, a number of human fatalities have occurred. The severity of the outbreak required the whole team in RAP together with the colleagues from AGAH to focus almost exclusively on the control of the outbreak and many other activities had to be postponed or cancelled. Further details on the HPAI outbreak will be elaborated in the following session.
1.1. Hans-Gerhard Wagner was appointed Senior Animal Production and Health Officer and Secretary of APHCA as of September 2003.
1.2. Carolyn Benigno, Animal Health Officer
1.3. Animal Health Officer (Policy) - vacant (re-advertised)
1.4. Vishnu Songkitti, APHCA Liaison Officer
1.5. Subhash Morzaria who joined in February 2003 for a period of 8 months as Senior Animal Production and Health Officer was extended up to July 2004 and has re-joined as consultant for TCI with present NTE November 2005.
1.6. Support staff: Tuanchai Laisakun (RP), Chanrit Uawongkun (APHCA) and Nawarat Chalermpao (LEAD - GEF, PDF-B)
1.7. Temporary staff under TCP/RAS/3006 - Wantanee Kalpravidh, Regional Coordinator; Nongnuch Tuntawiroon, Clerk
2 Organized meetings, training courses and workshops:
2.1 The 62nd, the 63rd executive committee meetings and the 27th session of APHCA together with the regional consultation on progressive control of FMD and other TADs, Lahore, Pakistan, August 2003.
2.2 FAO/JICA/DLD regional workshop on veterinary epidemiology and its application, Bangkok, Thailand 27-31, October 2003.
2.3 FAO/DLD regional laboratory training course on CSF, FMD, rinderpest and PPR, Bangkok and Pakchong, Thailand, 11-21 Nov. 2003.
2.4 FAO-LEAD-Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI) meeting on structural changes in the livestock sector, 27-30 January 2004, Bangkok, Thailand.
2.5 FAO/OIE emergency regional meeting on avian influenza control in animal in Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, 26-28 February 2004.
2.6 Workshop on the public awareness plan for the Lower Mekong, Bangkok, Thailand, 1-2 April 2004.
2.7 FAO-APHCA/OIE sub-regional consultation on establishing a regional support unit for GF-TADs in South Asia, Kathmandu, Nepal, 26-30 April 2004.
2.8 The fourth OIE/FAO-APHCA workshop on WTO's SPS agreement, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 12-16 July 2004.
2.9 FAO-APHCA/OIE/JLTA/DLD regional workshop on food and feed safety, Bangkok, Thailand, 19-22 July 2004.
2.10 Expert meeting on diagnostic laboratory and surveillance network co-ordination for control and prevention of avian influenza, Bangkok, Thailand, 26-27 July 2004.
2.11 Inception workshop - TCP/RAS/3006 - diagnostic laboratory and surveillance network co-ordination for control and prevention of avian influenza in Southeast Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, 28-30 July 2004.
2.12 Several meetings under the World Bank GEF - PDF-B livestock waste management.
3 Other relevant meetings congresses attended:
3.1. Regional officers meeting, FAO HQs, Rome, 15-19 December 2003. (Benigno, Wagner).
3.2. OIE workshop on the application of the progressive zoning approach to FMD control in the Union of Myanmar, Yangon, Myanmar, 5-6 January 2004. (Benigno).
3.3. Ministerial meeting on AI, Bangkok, 28 January 2004. (Wagner).
3.4. Emergency meeting of SAARC senior officials on the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), New Delhi, India, 16 February 2002. (Wagner).
3.5. 10th meeting of the OIE sub-commission for FMD in Southeast Asia, Luang Prabang, Lao PDR, 29 February - 5 March 2004. (Morzaria).
3.6. China ASEAN special meeting on HPAI control, Beijing, China, 2004. (Domenech, Wagner).
3.7. ITWG - AnGR, March - April 2004, Rome, Italy. (Wagner).
3.8. 12th meeting of the ASEAN sectoral working group on livestock and update on regional co-operation opportunities on avian influenza ASEAN working group on livestock, Singapore, 5-7 May 2004. (Wagner).
3.9. OIE second workshop on the application of the progressive zoning Approach to FMD control in the Union of Myanmar, Mandalay, Myanmar, 20-22 August 2004. (Benigno).
3.10. FAO (ILRI organized) workshop to discuss the economic implications of SPS measures, Bangkok, Thailand, 24-25 August 2004.
3.11. AAAP new dimensions and challenges for sustainable livestock farming, 5-9 September 2004, Malaysia. (Wagner).
3.12. First annual meeting of ASEAN + 3 EID programme, phase I, 20-21 September 2004 Bangkok, Thailand. (Wagner, Kalpravidh, Songkitti).
4 Initiated/assisted in and follow-up on projects:
Project newly approved
4.1 TCP/BGD/2903 - Bangladesh - training programme for the small-scale dairy sector (US$ 364 000).
4.2 TCP/DRK/2905 - DPR Korea, (not APHCA member) - dairy goat improvement (US$ 350 000).
4.3 TCP/MYA/3001 - Myanmar - small-scale dairy technology transfer and training (US$ 356 000).
4.4 NN - TF/ITA - Philippines - environmental animal health to readdress emerging insect-borne diseases constraints to small-holders' livestock production - Italian Trust Fund.
4.5 Avian influenza (US$ 4.8 million from FAO + US$ 1.61 from Japanese Government):
4.5.1 TCP/INS/3001 - emergency assistance for the control of avian influenza in Indonesia (US$ 390 000).
4.5.2 TCP/LAO/3001 - emergency assistance for the control of avian influenza in Laos (US$ 390 000).
4.5.3 TCP/CMB/3002 - emergency assistance for the control of avian influenza in Cambodia (not APHCA member) (US$ 390 000).
4.5.4 TCP/PAK/3002 - emergency assistance for the control of avian influenza in Pakistan (US$ 390 000).
4.5.5 TCP/VIE/3003 - emergency assistance for the control of avian influenza in Viet Nam (not APHCA member) (US$ 390 000).
4.5.6 TCP/CPR/3004 - emergency assistance for the control of avian influenza in China (not APHCA member) (US$ 390 000).
4.5.7 TCP/RAS/3004 - emergency regional co-ordination assistance for control of avian influenza in Southeast Asia (US$ 400 000).
4.5.8 TCP/RAS/3006 - diagnostic laboratory and surveillance network coordination for control and prevention of avian influenza in Southeast Asia (US$ 400 000).
4.5.9 TCP/RAS/3007 - diagnostic laboratory and surveillance network coordination for control and prevention of avian influenza in East Asia (US$ 400 000).
4.5.10 TCP/RAS/3008(E) - diagnostic laboratory and surveillance network coordination for control and prevention of avian influenza in South Asia (US$ 400 000).
4.5.11 TCP/RAS/3010 - emergency regional support for post-avian influenza rehabilitation (US$ 400 000).
4.5.12 Malaysia's national TCP on emergency AI control - under consideration.
4.5.13 OSRO/RAS/401/JPN - The Japan/FAO joint emergency programme for the Control of Avian Influenza in Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR and Viet Nam (totaling US$ 1 610 083).
4.6 Thailand - TCP/THA/2805 emergency supply of agricultural, livestock and fishery inputs to flood-affected farmers in northern provinces of Thailand (US$ 261 000).
4.7 Thailand - TCP/THA/2802 training programme for the small-scale dairy sector (US$ 359 000) (completed in 2004).
4.8 Add on to UNDP/BGD/98 to develop livestock policy and strategy (US$ 200 000).
4.9 Philippines - GCP/PHI/049/AUL eradication of FMD in the Philippines (US$1.1M).
4.10 Regional - CFC meat commodity diversification and upgrading of meat processing technologies in Asia-Pacific region (US$ 831 095 as grant and US$ 100 000 as a loan). Beneficiary countries: - Philippines, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Samoa.
4.11 Regional GEF - PDF-B Livestock waste management. (US$ 700 000) Participating countries: - Thailand, Viet Nam and China.
4.12 Bangladesh - TCP/0168 emergency control of PPR endemic.
4.13 Bhutan - TCP/0166 assistance in improving food security and rural income through improved pig production (completed in 2004.)
4.14 Regional - TCP/RAS/170 strengthening cross-border animal disease surveillance and co-ordination amongst China, Laos, Thailand and Viet Nam. Myanmar associated through APHCA funds (completed in 2004).
4.15 Regional - TCP/RAS/171 national demonstrations on the lactoperoxidase system of milk preservation in selected Southeast Asian countries (completed in 2004).
4.16 Regional - TCP/RAS/172 regional training in meat processing technology, linked to the CFC project (completed in 2004).
In pipeline or under preparation
4.17 Bangladesh - dairy cattle breeding and artificial insemination - with GoB for submission.
4.18 Philippines - installing milk payment system.
4.19 Myanmar - dairy cattle breeding and artificial insemination - GoM priority ranking.
4.20 Regional - animal identification and traceability - replaced by project for MTM region (draft is ready).
4.21 SAARC - South Asia GF-TADs for establishment of regional support unit (proposal prepared and submitted to SAARC for approval since July 2004 - a meeting scheduled in October 2004).
4.22 TADs control in Greater Mekong Sub-region - possible funding by ADB - end 2004.
5 APHCA information unit: APHCA web and publications:
5.1 Web design and format was modified similarly to AGA webpage (since June 2004).
5.2 Posted draft proceedings and recommendations of the South and Southeast Asia consultations on priorities for GF-TADs on the APHCA website.
5.3 Information is continuously and regularly updated and posted, e.g. avian influenza alert, activity reports (2001-2003), session reports (2000-2003) and electronic publication from LAO-EU livestock project.
5.4 Hard copies and CD-ROMs of FAO and APHCA publications are distributed upon request.
5.5 Publications (hard copies and CD-ROMs) brought out during 2003/4 are as the follows:
5.5.1 The Yak - second edition (RAP2003/06).
5.5.2 CD-ROM - "FAO/OIE emergency regional meeting on avian influenza control in animals in Asia (Bangkok, Thailand, 26-28 February 2004)".
5.5.2 CD-ROM - "the inception workshop - TCP/RAS/3006 - diagnostic laboratory and surveillance network coordination for control and prevention of avian influenza in Southeast Asia (Bangkok, Thailand, 28-30 July 2004)".
6 Promote membership of APHCA:
6.1 The Secretariat invited Cambodia, China, Viet Nam and Timor Leste to participate at the 28th APHCA session.
6.2 China - to follow up (awaiting instrument of acceptance from GoC).
7 Collaborative activities with international organizations and donor agencies:
7.1 Collaboration with OIE, JICA, JLTA, AusAID in training and capacity building.
7.2 ILRI in the area of livestock development issues, including AnGR.
7.3 Contacts are being developed with ADB, AusAID, CIDA and governments of potential donor countries to seek funding support for a number of activities related to the control of transboundary animal diseases in the Region.
8 APHCA TCDC:
8.1 Exchange of experts and travel - as approved at the 27th APHCA session in Pakistan, an amount of US$10,000 was allocated for this activity. In September 2004, airline ticket costs of two laboratory scientists from Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department (LBVD), Myanmar (to attend the AI diagnostic workshop in Harbin, China) were covered under this fund. Likewise, a request was made by Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) of the Philippines for one scientist to travel to Harbin, China but no further contact was made to the APHCA Secretariat.
8.2 List of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in livestock sector of the APHCA member countries has recently been compiled. The same is distributed at the 28th APHCA session and uploaded in the APHCA website.
9 Other works to be continued and planned up to end of 2004:
9.1 SoW - AnGR regional analysis
9.2 PDF - animal waste management - finalization of project in 2004 submission in 2005
9.3 Inception workshop of East Asia TCP on AI
9.4 Inception workshop of South Asia TCP on AI
9.5 Final workshop AI: Asia regional - beginning 2005
9.6 Economics of AI control - December 2004