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FAO-APHCA/AGAP workshop on small-scale dairying (SSD) (APHCA 2004/08)

FAO worldwide and Asia-Pacific small-scale dairying (SSD) activities

(by Brian Dugdill, Dairy Institutions Officer, FAO/Rome)

Slide 1

FAO Worldwide and Asia-Pacific
Small-scale Dairying (SSD)

Brian Dugdill
Dairy Institutions Officer
FAO, Rome

Good morning!

Slide 2

SSD Workshop Aims

  • to brief APHCA members on the FAO SSD programme

  • to share experiences on SSD from the Asia-Pacific region

  • if appropriate, to develop a joint APHCA-FAO SSD initiative for the Asia-Pacific region

Slide 3


  • Why we focus on SSD

  • What we do with SSD

  • What could/should we do next with SSD in the Asia-Pacific region?

Slide 4

Who are we? And why SSD?

FAO Animal Production and Health Division

Our mission:

to help clarify and facilitate the role of the global livestock sub-sector in food security, poverty alleviation, food safety and environmental sustainability

Slide 5

Animal Production and Health Division

Slide 6

Total Milk Consumption

Source: FAOSTAT, projection by IFPRI/ILRI/FAO

Slide 7


Estimated per caput milk consumption (litres/year)

Slide 8

Milk supply - the reality

Estimated per caput daily milk supply (in grams)

Slide 9

The Opportunity

  • Smallholders produce majority of milk in developing countries

  • Demand for milk is increasing much faster

  • Over half of all milk and dairy products marketed in developing countries are imported - upwards of 100 billion litres of liquid milk equivalent annually

The Challenge

  • The value of dairy imports increased by 43 % (1998 to 2001)

  • Over 80 percent of all milk produced and sold in developing countries is handled by informal market traders - upwards of 200 billion litres of liquid milk equivalent annually

Slide 10

The dairy gaps

  • improving informal milk marketing, making milk safer

  • adapting technologies, affordable equipment

  • providing organisational support for milk producers

  • providing technical information

  • tailoring training and awareness raising

Slide 11

Why SSD, and small and scale milk collection and processing?

  • adds value to milk

  • generates employment

  • affordable consumer prices

  • improves quality and safety

  • reduces imports

    sustains rural livelihoods

Slide 12

SSD for rural household food security

  • beneficiaries are mainly women and children

  • improved family nutrition

  • regular income to spend on basic family needs

Slide 13

SSD - what we do?

  • technology transfer

  • training

  • information

Slide 14

Affordable technologies and processes for safe milk

  • LP system of milk preservation

  • in-pouch pasteurisation

  • adapted processing technologies

  • longer shelf life dairy products

Slide 15

Our Tools

  • Field projects

    • field validation of technologies

    • strengthening of dairy organisations

    • setting up networks

  • Publication of manuals and guidelines

  • Internet WebPages

  • Electronic conferences

  • Workshops

Slide 16

Village milk system

Lactoperoxidase system + in-pouch pasteurisation:

  • no post-pasteurization contamination

  • up to 1,000 litres per day

  • low investment, low running cost

  • locally available packaging materials

Slide 17

Selected SSD partners and collaborators

Government of Japan




Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)


Department of Livestock Dev, Thailand

Kenya Dairy Board

Grameen Bank, Bangladesh

NDDP, Guyana

Milk Vita, DLS & BLRI, Bangladesh

Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania

Livestock Breeding & Vet Dept, Myanmar

Nancy University

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science

Karkara (NGO), Niamey

NDDB, Nepal

Amrahia Dairy Training Centre, Ghana

University of Aleppo, Syria

Centrum für International Migration Entwicklung (CIM)

Slide 18

Informal milk trading - Kenya


- Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries
- Kenya Dairy Board,
- Kenya Agricultural Research Institute
- British Department for International Development (DFID)
- USAID/Land O' Lakes International Development Division

Slide 19

Field activities

  • 29 projects in 35 countries
    total value > US$ 32 million

  • 15 Pipeline projects
    total value > US$ 40 million

Slide 20


Community Livestock and Dairy Development Project (BGD/98/009)


Livestock and dairy development project (GCSP/MON/001/JPN)

Slide 21


Dairy Technology Transfer and Training project (TCP/MYA/3001)

North Korea

Goat milk processing into drinking yoghurt (TCP/DRK/0167)

Slide 22


Training programme for the SSD sector (TCP/THA/2802)


  • Bangladesh

  • Bhutan

  • Nepal

  • Philippines

  • China-Tibet

  • Others?

Slide 23

FAO and SSD field learned experiences

  • practical approaches to challenges

  • specialised in small-scale dairy processing

  • focus on safety and quality

  • activities based on the importance of markets and the informal milk market in particular

  • strong partnerships with national, regional and international stakeholders through projects and activities delivered

Slide 24

The way forward for SSD in Asia-Pacific?

  • how do we reach more people and more countries?

  • how can we collaborate with more national stakeholders and regional partners?

  • how can we become more efficient and effective in our delivery of SSD?

Slide 25

SSD Workshop Aims

  • to brief APHCA members on the FAO SSD programme

  • to share experiences on SSD from the Asia-Pacific region

  • if appropriate, to develop a joint APHCA-FAO SSD initiative

Slide 26

We need more SSD milk in Asia

Thank you!

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