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Small-scale dairying for food security and food safety

(by Tony Bennett, Animal Production Officer, FAO/ROME)

Slide 1

Title: Small-scale dairying for food security and food safety

Tony Bennett

Project Co-ordinator, FAO Action Programme for the Prevention of Food Losses - Milk and Dairy Products, Post Harvest Losses and Food Safety in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Near East
(PFL/INT/860/PFL)
AGAP, FAO, Rome

Chiang Mai Thailand
September 2004

Slide 2

Presentation outline:

  • (1) SSD and informal milk trading

  • (2) results from the PFL/INT/860/PFL project

  • (3) reducing milk losses and improving milk quality - information, technology transfer, training

  • (4) regional initiative

Slide 3

Why small scale milk collection and processing?

  • Provide regular income

  • Improve livelihoods

  • Improve nutrition

  • Adding value to milk products

  • Generate employment

  • Affordable consumer prices

  • Improve quality and safety

Slide 4

Our focus:

Small-scale milk collection; processing and marketing in developing countries

Slide 5

The opportunity

  • Smallholders produce majority of milk in developing countries

  • Demand increase of 25 % (2020)

  • value of dairy imports increased by 43% (1998 and 2001)

The challenge

  • 80 % of milk in informal market (>200 billion litres annually)

Slide 6

FIRST STAKEHOLDERS WORKSHOP ON MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTS,

POST-HARVEST LOSSES AND FOOD SAFETY IN SUB-SAHARAN
AFRICA AND THE NEAR EAST
REGIONAL APPROACHES TO NATIONAL CHALLENGES

FAO - US$675,000

Slide 7

Comparison of dairy industries

Country

Production
(M lts/yr)

Dairy Product
Consumption
(FAOSTAT 2002)

Informal
Traditional
Market Share
(% Marketed milk)

Ethiopia

1,200

21.3

>80

Kenya

2,500

85.2

88

Syria

1,600

94.3

90

Tanzania

1,000

25.8

98

Uganda

900

26.9

75-90

Slide 8

Recommendations

  • Urgently needed

  • National studies -value

  • Activity oriented

  • Practically applicable -stepwise

  • Tailored to country needs

Slide 9

Slide 10

Agreed definitions

"Informal market"

  • Milk and dairy products marketed by unlicensed traders

"Post Harvest losses"

  • Lack of realization of the anticipated value of milk

Slide 11

Results to date -

US$56 million loss in 3 countries

Slide 12

Uganda:

Value of dairy losses US $ 23 million

  • Marketable milk 585m litres

  • Quantity of milk/product lost 123m litres

  • Losses

  • Percentage loss 21%

Slide 13

Losses

  • Farm level

    1. Milking
    2. Spillage and spoilage
    3. Lack of preservation/cooling

Slide 14

Losses

  • Milk collection and transportation

Milk containers

Collection routes

Roads/infrastructure

Slide 15

Losses

  • Milk processing

  • Lack of know how

  • Lack of suitable, low-cost technologies

  • Market awareness/business planning

Slide 16

Reducing losses

  • Technology Transfer

  • Training

  • Information

Slide 17

Training of trainers course

  • Participants, nominations and screening

  • Losses - why and where

  • Loss reducing technologies and organization

  • Develop National Action Plan - training

Slide 18

Lessons learned

  • Partners, participation of countries - level

  • Define activities

  • Implementation - based on existing facilities/improved abilities

  • Follow up national training

Slide 19

SSD workshop aims

  • to brief APHCA members on the FAO SSD programme

  • to share experiences on SSD from the Asia-Pacific region

  • if appropriate, to develop a joint APHCA-FAO SSD initiative for Asia and the Pacific

Slide 20

Asian region

Suggestions:

1. Market opportunities - population growth

2. Technology development and transfer

3. Increased self reliance and intra-regional trade

4. Reduced dependence on external dairy goods

5. Role/importance of small producers

Slide 21

Regional Initiative

  • Is it needed?

  • Mandate to develop

  • Groups on

    1. Scoping

    2. Technology transfer

    3. Training

Slide 22

FAO can offer

  • Design appropriate intervention based on practical experience and lessons learned

  • Adapt to needs

  • Ensure sustainability - business/group enterprise development

  • Fund and attract funding partners - CFC/ADB/Japan

Slide 23

Way forward

  • Concerted action

  • Role of APHCA

  • Take success stories and adapt

    Information,

    Training

    Technology transfer

Slide 24

Thank you for your attention


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