(by Than Htun, Director, Planning and Administration,
Small-scale Dairy Technology Transfer
Training Experiences from Myanmar
Dr. Than Htun
Livestock Breeding and Veterinary
Since very long
long ago, Myanmar people less accustomed drinking milk, the farmers kept draft
cattle and no dairy cattle.
Before second world war
Frisian, Jersey and Brahman cattle were imported, but not survived during the
second world war.
Sindhi and murrah buffalo were brought from India and Pakistan. The cattle of
those derivatives are locally adapted.
was introduced in 1958.
Frozen semen was able to
produce locally from the year 1975.
120,000 doses of frozemen
of European breeds were imported within the year 1976-1984.
214 heads of Frisian and
Jersey cattle from Newzeland and Australia were imported in 1978, kept a nucleus
farm as breeding stock.
AI programme raised up high
momentum during the World Bank project from 1976-1984.
The cross-breed calves were
registered upto 1984 about 0.4 million in 107 townships.
A total of 20
Livestock and veterinary staff were trained at AMUL Dairy, Anand India in 1977
40 participants from MOLF
were trained on "a Guide to Cattle Feeding and How to Produce More Milk by FAO
Experts in Yangon, 1980 ".
Inservice Training course
on dairy farm management was provided 480 staff at Ywathergyi Dairy Farm by LBVD
from 1981 to 1984.
Training on Dairy Industry
Development was also provided 40 participants at Pyinmapin Dairy farm, by 2
Isreal. Experts, in Yangon, 1991.
The two large
scale milk processing plant (50,000 kg milk per day) were established in Yangon
and Mandalay 1983 & 1985.
At the beginning Yangon
Dairy Plant was run with fresh milk collected from primary milk producers of
dairy model villages.
Then Yangon Dairy Plant was
handed over to private company in 1996. Now this plant produces constituted milk
using milk powder of import.
Mandalay Dairy Plant also
produced constituted milk using milk powder also.
People of all
ages come to take more milk and milk products.
Per capita consumption was
10 kilo in 1999 and 16 kilo in 2003.
Growth of consumption was
rapidly increased at about 10 percent due to accelerating
High demand in domestic
market and about 18,000 metric tons of condensed milk, milk powder were imported
0.56 million of
dairy cattle and buffaloes populated in the country.
50% of dairy cattle are
located at Mandalay area.
Milk is mostly produced by
small holders keeping an average of 2-5 milking cows.
Hundreds of small scale
private milk processors handling from 160 to 2,500 kg milk per
One processor handling
about 50,000 kg milk daily, also in Mandalay area.
32 milk processors and
marketers handling median scale business are
High milk loss
because of unable to milking twice daily, not punctured transport for evening
milk in some remote area to market or factory.
Milk loss between producer
to consumer for lack of food chain equipment.
Less guarantee for fresh
Low quality dairy
Milk handling poor and milk
quality not guaranteed.
activity not developed.
Milk procurement and
technical inputs programme are not well organized.
Primary milk producers'
association are not yet formed.
Inefficient and unsafe
equipment and technologies are still used and leading to increasing preference
for imported milk products.
Lack of training and
exposure to modern technologies at all level.
executed the project through LBVD.
FAO (AGAP) lead technical
unit, supported by Asian the pacific FAO (RAP).
FAO Myanmar provides
Output 1 - A
dairy demonstration and training center established.
Output 2 - Six short-term
tailor training modules developed.
Output 3 - 18 trainers
Output 4 - Mobile outreach
training unit established.
Output 5 - At
least 430 trainees produced. One third will be women.
Output 6 - Milk collection
and in-bottle pasteurizing and packaging system fabricated
Output 7 - Media campaign
developed and implemented for raising consumer awareness.
Output 8 - Both used as
training unit and as a commercial enterprise.
Dr. Aung Gyi, Director of Livestock
Dr. Than Htun, (Training Support)
Mr. Frazer S.H Moffat (Dairy
Mr. Sinha (Trainers' training)
National counterparts for NPC, IC and NC
Yangon Dairy Training Center (YDTC)
YDTC located in
Training Unit, Insein
Renovation of building with
dairy demonstration plant, laboratory, training room and office was
25 KVA stand by generator
was also procured.
Mandalay dairy sub-station
Mandalay Divisional Office (LBVD)
Training support equipments
are to be supplied.
It is a center for outreach
Training support equipment and materials
50 items of
dairy equipment was ordered to abroad and local.
24 items of training
equipments are ordered locally and to abroad.
All equipments and
materials will be procured before the end of November
Product mix from YDTC
demonstration plant to be used both training as well as business
Alternatively to be
- Pasteurized milk
- Pasteurized cream
- Traditional dairy product
Packaging and labeling
system are to be demonstrated and practiced.
dairy sub sector has much potential to create many jobs.
FAO mission indicated - one
full time off-farm job can be created Myanmar for each 30-50 litres of milk
collected, processed and marketed.
People like to take milk
and milk products of good quality and standard.
The small-scale dairy
technology transfer and training project ensures the dairy people to improve
efficiency and quality through milk production, collection, processing and
marketing the farm to consumer milk chain.
for your kind attention