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Small-scale dairy technology transfer and training experiences from Myanmar

(by Than Htun, Director, Planning and Administration, LBVD, Myanmar)

Slide 1

Small-scale Dairy Technology Transfer
and Training Experiences from Myanmar

Dr. Than Htun
Planning and Administration
Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department

Slide 2


  • Since very long long ago, Myanmar people less accustomed drinking milk, the farmers kept draft cattle and no dairy cattle.

  • Before second world war Frisian, Jersey and Brahman cattle were imported, but not survived during the second world war.

  • Hariyana, Tharparker, Sindhi and murrah buffalo were brought from India and Pakistan. The cattle of those derivatives are locally adapted.

Slide 3

Introduction continued...

  • AI programme was introduced in 1958.

  • Frozen semen was able to produce locally from the year 1975.

  • 120,000 doses of frozemen of European breeds were imported within the year 1976-1984.

  • 214 heads of Frisian and Jersey cattle from Newzeland and Australia were imported in 1978, kept a nucleus farm as breeding stock.

  • AI programme raised up high momentum during the World Bank project from 1976-1984.

  • The cross-breed calves were registered upto 1984 about 0.4 million in 107 townships.

Slide 4

Introduction continued...

  • A total of 20 Livestock and veterinary staff were trained at AMUL Dairy, Anand India in 1977 and 1978.

  • 40 participants from MOLF were trained on "a Guide to Cattle Feeding and How to Produce More Milk by FAO Experts in Yangon, 1980 ".

  • Inservice Training course on dairy farm management was provided 480 staff at Ywathergyi Dairy Farm by LBVD from 1981 to 1984.

  • Training on Dairy Industry Development was also provided 40 participants at Pyinmapin Dairy farm, by 2 Isreal. Experts, in Yangon, 1991.

Slide 5

Introduction continued...

  • The two large scale milk processing plant (50,000 kg milk per day) were established in Yangon and Mandalay 1983 & 1985.

  • At the beginning Yangon Dairy Plant was run with fresh milk collected from primary milk producers of dairy model villages.

  • Then Yangon Dairy Plant was handed over to private company in 1996. Now this plant produces constituted milk using milk powder of import.

  • Mandalay Dairy Plant also produced constituted milk using milk powder also.

Slide 6


  • People of all ages come to take more milk and milk products.

  • Per capita consumption was 10 kilo in 1999 and 16 kilo in 2003.

  • Growth of consumption was rapidly increased at about 10 percent due to accelerating urbanization.

  • High demand in domestic market and about 18,000 metric tons of condensed milk, milk powder were imported yearly.

Slide 7

Opportunity continued...

  • 0.56 million of dairy cattle and buffaloes populated in the country.

  • 50% of dairy cattle are located at Mandalay area.

  • Milk is mostly produced by small holders keeping an average of 2-5 milking cows.

  • Hundreds of small scale private milk processors handling from 160 to 2,500 kg milk per day.

  • One processor handling about 50,000 kg milk daily, also in Mandalay area.

  • 32 milk processors and marketers handling median scale business are counted.

Slide 8


  • High milk loss because of unable to milking twice daily, not punctured transport for evening milk in some remote area to market or factory.

  • Milk loss between producer to consumer for lack of food chain equipment.

  • Less guarantee for fresh milk markets.

  • Price fluctuating

  • Low quality dairy breed.

  • Milk handling poor and milk quality not guaranteed.

Slide 9

  • Public health activity not developed.

  • Milk procurement and technical inputs programme are not well organized.

  • Primary milk producers' association are not yet formed.

  • Inefficient and unsafe equipment and technologies are still used and leading to increasing preference for imported milk products.

  • Lack of training and exposure to modern technologies at all level.

Slide 10

Executing agencies

  • MOLF is executed the project through LBVD.

  • FAO (AGAP) lead technical unit, supported by Asian the pacific FAO (RAP).

  • FAO Myanmar provides operational support.

Slide 11

Expected outputs

  • Output 1 - A dairy demonstration and training center established.

  • Output 2 - Six short-term tailor training modules developed.

  • Output 3 - 18 trainers produced.

  • Output 4 - Mobile outreach training unit established.

Slide 12

  • Output 5 - At least 430 trainees produced. One third will be women.

  • Output 6 - Milk collection and in-bottle pasteurizing and packaging system fabricated locally.

  • Output 7 - Media campaign developed and implemented for raising consumer awareness.

  • Output 8 - Both used as training unit and as a commercial enterprise.

Slide 13

NPC appointed

Dr. Aung Gyi, Director of Livestock Development, LBVD.

NC appointed

Dr. Than Htun, (Training Support)

INC appointed

Mr. Frazer S.H Moffat (Dairy Technology)

Mr. Sinha (Trainers' training)

National counterparts for NPC, IC and NC nominated.

  • 18 members of Dairy Training Team Nominated.

  • 13 PSC formed.

  • DG of LBVD was nominated chairman with FAOR and other 11 persons were as members.

Slide 14

Yangon Dairy Training Center (YDTC) established

  • YDTC located in Training Unit, Insein

  • Renovation of building with dairy demonstration plant, laboratory, training room and office was finished.

  • 25 KVA stand by generator was also procured.

Mandalay dairy sub-station

  • Located Mandalay Divisional Office (LBVD)

  • Training support equipments are to be supplied.

  • It is a center for outreach station training.

Slide 15

Training support equipment and materials ordered

  • 50 items of dairy equipment was ordered to abroad and local.

  • 24 items of training equipments are ordered locally and to abroad.

  • All equipments and materials will be procured before the end of November 2004.

Slide 16

Product mix from YDTC

  • Dairy demonstration plant to be used both training as well as business production.

  • Alternatively to be produced -

    - Pasteurized milk (varieties)
    - Pasteurized cream
    - Butter
    - Ghee
    - Yoghurt
    - Ice cream
    - Traditional dairy product

  • Packaging and labeling system are to be demonstrated and practiced.

Slide 17


  • Small-scale dairy sub sector has much potential to create many jobs.

  • FAO mission indicated - one full time off-farm job can be created Myanmar for each 30-50 litres of milk collected, processed and marketed.

  • People like to take milk and milk products of good quality and standard.

  • The small-scale dairy technology transfer and training project ensures the dairy people to improve efficiency and quality through milk production, collection, processing and marketing the farm to consumer milk chain.

Slide 18

Thank you

for your kind attention

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