Forestry Policy and Institutions Working Paper 6

Miombo woodlands and HIV/AIDS interactions: Malawi Country Report


Dennis Kayambazinthu,
Forestry Research Institute of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi

Marc Barany,
Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Polytechnic, Blacksburg, VA, USA

Reginald Mumba,
Forestry Research Institute of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi

Christine Holding Anyonge,
Forest Policy and Institutions Service (FONP), Forestry Department, FAO, Rome


Forestry Policy and Institutions Service
Forestry Policy and Information Division
Forestry Department

Rome, 2005



1. Introduction

2. Methodology

2.1 Description of choice of case study sites

2.2 Site description

2.3 Survey methodology

2.3.1 Focus group discussions

2.3.2 Transect walk

2.3.3 Key informants

2.3.4 Household interviews

3. Results and discussion

3.1 Livelihoods and forest resources

3.2 HIV/AIDS and woodland livelihood and coping strategies

3.2.1 Prior to the onset of symptomatic HIV infection: woodland livelihood strategies as an economic buffer

3.2.2 Symptomatic stages of HIV/AIDS Effect of adult morbidity on woodland livelihood activities Woodland-based coping strategies in response to morbidity

3.2.3 Woodland livelihood and coping strategies: post adult mortality Woodland livelihood strategies in households affected by adult mortality Woodland coping strategies as contingencies against future vulnerability

3.2.4 Determinants of household woodland activities during, and in response to adult morbidity and mortality Gender Product labour requirements Household composition Wealth Access to markets Access to forest resources

3.3 HIV/AIDS and woodland resources

3.3.1 Woodland degradation

3.3.2 Species scarcity Opportunistic infections, traditional medicine and woodland resources

3.3.3 HIV/AIDS: Latent factor contributing to natural resource conflict

3.4 Management and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS and implications for woodland policy

3.5 Impact of HIV/AIDS on forest institutions

4. Recommendations.

4.1 Prevent HIV infection and mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS on the sector

4.2 Prevent constituent vulnerability to HIV infection

4.3 Sectoral and inter-sectoral strategies for the prevention, care and mitigation of HIV/AIDS among constituents


APPENDIX I: Focal Group Discussion response summaries

APPENDIX II: Household interviews

APPENDIX III: Key informant responses from community leaders representing
forestry/natural resource management institutions

APPENDIX IV: Herbalist Response Summaries