FOREST GENETIC RESOURCES No. 31




FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2004





ISSN 1020-4431







The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

FAO 2004

Cover photo: Araucaria columnaris, in situ conservation stand, Lifou island, New Caledonia. (P. Sigaud).

All suggestions, comments and remarks from our readers are welcome. Please write to:

Forest Resources Development Service
Forest Resources Division
FAO of the UN
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
I-00100 Rome, Italy
Fax: (39) 06 5705.5137
E-mail: Forest-Genetic-Resources@fao.org

_______________________________

Editors of this issue in the
Forest Resources Development Service were:
Peter Iversen
Pierre Sigaud
Marguerite France-Lanord


Contents


Note from the editors

Biosecurity and forests: an introduction
Introduction
Phytosanitary issues
Alien invasive species
New genotypes
Managing biosecurity issues
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
Literature

The status of invasiveness of forest tree species outside their natural habitat: a global review and discussion paper
Introduction
Status of invasiveness of exotic trees species in forestry
Effect of invasive forest trees
Prevention, control and management: a biosecurity perspective
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
Selected literature

Conservation-through-use of forest genetic resources in Latin America: case studies from local communities of Brazil and Argentina
The issue
Conceptual framework of the project
Why working with local communities, and with which communities?
Communities associated with the project
Rubbertappers and rural settlers in the Amazon rainforest
Landless people and the fragmented remnants of the Mata Atlantica in Pontal
Communities in the Araucaria angustifolia forests of Parana
Mapuche communities in the Araucaria araucana forests of Argentina
Working with communities: striking the balance between research and development
Conclusions
References

Conservation strategy of endangered forest plant genetic resources in Cuba
Introduction
Tools and methods
Species prospection
Phenologic studies
Seed and/or fruit collection
Raising seedlings in the laboratory and the nursery
Enrichment planting
Results
Conclusions
References

A Founder Project: marking the domestication baseline for forest trees
Introduction
Measuring the genetic consequences of forest domestication
Identifying diagnostic alleles for tracing germplasm origin for exotic species
Other applications for a founder project
Genome coverage and choice of molecular markers for a founder project
Public curatorship of a founder project
References

Woody Invasive Species in the Western Indian Ocean: a regional assessment
Introduction
Main invasive species, invasiveness and impacts
Study area
Main invasive species
Habitat invasibility
Impacts
Environmental Impacts
Economic Impacts
Management priorities in the region
Prevention
Mechanical and chemical control
Biological control
Habitat restoration
Social and institutional framework
Conclusion|
Acknowledgements
References

Seed Research Network on African trees for conservation and sustainable use
Introduction
Regional initiatives
Collaborative tree seed research
Darwin initiative research exercise on community tree seeds (directs)
Acknowledgements
References

Genetic improvement of Hawaii’s premier hardwood, Acacia koa
Introduction
Germplasm collection
Genetic variation
Research on koa
Progeny trials
Breeding for resistance to koa wilt
Vegetative propagation
Future priorities
References
International species and provenance trials of dry-zone acacia and prosopis species: results from the 1990-1994 assessments.

Preleminary Azadirachta indica (neem) trialS in amhara region, Northern ethiopia
IntroductioN
Methodology
Seed collection and storage
Site selection and location
Site management and design
Data recording and analysis
Results and discussion
Conclusion and recommendation
Acknowledgements
References

Silver fir (Abies alba) resources in Albania and their conservation
Introduction
Distribution
Ecology
Taxonomy and speciation of albanian firs
Conservation
Acknowledgements
References

Conservation and use of triplochiton scleroxylon in moist West Africa
Introduction
Over exploitation
Plantations
Seed and germplasm procurement
Tree selection & improvement programmes
Discussion
References

Progress in country and regional assessments of forest tree genetic diversity
Developments in central america, cuba and mexico
Developments in central africa
Options for the future
Literature

Forest genetic resources in Buenos Aires province, Argentina: Characterization, conservation and propagation
Background and issues
Description of the talares area
A native forest species germplasm bank in buenos aires province
Activities
Conclusions and future prospects
References

Conservation Status of Natural Populations of Eucalyptus urophylla in Indonesia & International Efforts to Protect Dwindling Gene Pools
Introduction
Results and discussion
Acknowledgments
References

Comparison between seed pretreatments of three endemic Nothofagus of Mediterranean Chile
Introduction
Methodology
Results and conclusions
Literature

Ten years of international collaboration on forest genetic resources in Europe
Introduction
Recent outputs
Broader impacts
Future challenges
References

Recent publications from FAO
Books
Forest genetic resources working papers
Forest health and biosecurity working papers
Useful web-based information

Other literature of interest
Papers and articles
Books
CD-Roms

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