FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER 455

FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER 455

Application of modern analytical techniques to ensure seafood safety and authenticity

by
Iciar Martinez
SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture Ltd
Trondheim, Norway

and

David James and Henri Loréal
Fish Utilization and Marketing Service
Fishery Industries Division
FAO Fisheries Department
Rome, Italy

   
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2005
 

Table of Contents


Reprinted 2005

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ISSN 0429-9345
ISBN 92-5-105293-X

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Contents

Preparation of this document

Abstract

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations and acronyms

1. Introduction

2. Seafood-borne illnesses

2.1 Toxins
2.2 Viruses

2.2.1 Detection of viruses
2.2.2 Problems for the detection of viruses by PCR

2.3 Bacteria

2.3.1 Detection of bacterial pathogens

Example: Detection, identification and typing of Listeria monocytogenes

2.3.2 Targeting bacterial resistance

2.4 Parasites

2.4.1 Impact of fish-borne trematode infections
2.4.2 Detection of parasites

3. Authentication of fishery products

3.1 Traceability and authentication
3.2 Regulatory aspects

3.2.1 Legislation in Europe
3.2.2 Legislation in the United States of America
3.2.3 Legislation in other countries
3.2.4 Misleading terms
3.2.5 “Quality” labels and protected labels

3.3 Analytical methods for species authentication

3.3.1 Traditional methods
3.3.2 Quantitative PCR for species identification
3.3.3 Determination of geographical origin
3.3.4 Proteome analysis
3.3.5 Microarrays
3.3.6 Automated procedures

4. Summary and recommendations

4.1 Food safety
4.2 Species authentication

References

Related Internet addresses

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