Previous Page Table of Contents Next Page


This book describes the physics and biology of frost occurrence and damage, passive and active protection methods and how to assess the cost-effectiveness of active protection techniques. Night-time energy balance is used to demonstrate how protection methods are used to reduce the likelihood of frost damage. Simple methods and programs are provided to help predict temperature trends and to help determine the timing for active methods. Plant physiology related to freeze damage and critical damage temperatures for a wide range of crops and ornamentals are presented. Finally, an economic analysis program with examples is included to assist users to evaluate cost-effectiveness of various active methods.

Although the book contains considerable technical information, it was specifically written for growers rather than scientists as a practical guide for frost protection.

Frost Protection: fundamentals, practice and economics volume 1 and 2

By Richard L Snyder, J. Paulo de Melo-Abreu, Scott Matulich (vol. 2)

Vol. 1: 240 pages, 60 figures, 35 tables
Vol. 2: 72 pages, 35 figures, 5 tables
CD-ROM included in Vol. 2

FAO Environment and Natural Resources Service Series, No. 10 - FAO, Rome, 2005


Freeze protection, temperature forecasting, weather modification, wind machines, heaters, ice nucleation active bacteria, cold air drainage, microclimate, heat transfer.

This series replaces the following:

Environment and Energy Series
Remote Sensing Centre Series
Agrometeorology Working Paper

A list of documents published in the above series and other information can be found at the Web site:

Previous Page Top of Page Next Page