No.2††July†2006††
†† Crop Prospects and Food Situation

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Highlights

Food Emergencies Update

Global cereal supply and demand brief

Low-Income Food-Deficit country food situation overview

Regional reviews

Special features

Statistical appendix

Terminology and notes

Low-Income Food-Deficit country food situation overview

Small improvement in 2006 cereal production in LIFDCís

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In the Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries (LIFDCís) the 2006 cereal seasons are at different stages, with crops already harvested in some regions but still to be planted in others. The overall outlook is favourable and FAOís provisional forecast of the LIFDCís aggregate cereal production in 2006 points to an increase of about 1.5 percent to 861.8 million tonnes. This represents a slowdown from the growth of over 4 percent in the previous year. Most of the expected increase comes from Asian countries, in particular China where production is expanding following the Governmentís support policies and higher prices. When China and India are excluded, the expansion in aggregate production of the rest of LIFDC's is somewhat more modest at just 1 percent, compared to a significant growth of 8 percent in 2005. In Africa, harvest of the 2006 main season cereal crops has been completed in North and Southern Africa and outputs are estimated at record levels, fully recovering from the drought-affected crops of 2005. This improvement is likely to be offset by expected declines in Western and Eastern Africa, where crops are harvested later in the year and yields are assumed to drop from last yearís exceptional levels. In the CIS countries of Asia, another bumper cereal harvest is expected this year. In South America, a reduced cereal production is anticipated in Ecuador, the only LIFDC of the subregion, due to severe floods during the growing season. In Central America, planting of the 2006 main cereal crops has started under generally favourable growing conditions.

Cereal imports forecast to increase in 2006/07

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Early forecasts of total cereal imports by the LIFDCís in 2006/07 indicate an increase of 2 to 3 percent from the previous season. This mainly reflects higher anticipated imports by India (Figures 3 and 4), where some 4 million tonnes of wheat are expected to be imported to replenish stocks following a reduced harvest in 2005 and low levels of opening inventories. By contrast, cereal imports (including food aid) are likely to decline sharply in Southern Africa, where much improved harvests have been gathered and export surpluses are estimated in some countries. In North Africa, imports are forecast to decline sharply in Morocco, where this yearís production is estimated to be double the drought-reduced level of 2005.

Crop Prospects and Food Situation

Slow progress in 2005/06 food aid allocations

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In Eastern, Western and Central Africa countries still in marketing year 2005/06, food aid distributions/pledges as of June 2006 remain well below the estimated requirements. In Eastern Africa, some 41 percent of the food aid needs remain uncovered, against 50 percent at the time of the previous report in April. Despite recent improved rains, food assistance is still needed for large numbers of the population in drought-affected pastoral areas of the subregion, as well as for the victims of past and renewed civil conflicts. More donorsí pledges are also required for vulnerable populations in Western Africa, where 35 percent of the food aid requirements are still uncovered, particularly in Coastal countries. In the Far East, in the Democratic Peopleís Republic of Korea, most of the cereal imports in recent years have been in the form of food aid for chronically vulnerable people. However, against 2005/06 (November/October) estimated import requirements of 800†000 tonnes, distributions/pledges as of June 2006 amounted to only 392†000 tonnes.

With the 2005/06 marketing seasons just finished in several regions, including North Africa, Southern Africa, CIS in Asia, Near East, Central and South America and in most countries in Far East, the aggregate cereal imports of the 82 Low-Income Food-Deficit countries amount to 58.8 million tonnes, or 68 percent of the estimated requirements. This estimate takes into account reports on exports from major exporters until April/May, and food aid pledges by donors as of June 2006. Actual cereal imports in 2005/06 may prove to be higher once full information on deliveries becomes available.

Table 3. Cereal import position of Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries1 ( thousand tonnes)

2004/05
Actual
imports
2005/06
Requirements 2 Import position 3
Total
imports:
of which
food aid
Total
imports:
of which
food aid
Africa (44) 40 685 40 082 3 181 24 576 2 188
North Africa16 78817 119 513 825 5
Eastern Africa6 7246 253 1 8043 172 1 063
Southern Africa3 4034 330 7084 330 708
Western Africa12 16810 827 5902 889 385
Central Africa1 6021 554 74361 27
Asia (25) 50 122 41 536 1 633 30 962 928
CIS in Asia3 1002 627 1902 234 61
Far East35 65428 239 1 32721 322 790
Near East11 36810 670 1167 405 77
Central
America (3)
1 677 1 773 257 1 429 307
South
America (1)
944 926 50 914 17
Oceania (6) 407 416 0 47 0
Europe (3) 1 572 1 685 20 887 1
Total (82) 95 407 86 417 5 141 58 815 3 442
1 For more details see Table A1 in the Statistical appendix.
2 For definition of import requirements see terminology .
3 Estimates based on reports from major exporters until April/May and food aid pledges by donors as of June 2006.

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