4 June 1999
The Progress Review Meeting was held on 4 June 1999 in Room 215 of the FAO Annex, Accra, Ghana. The objective of the meeting was to review progress made in the process of the formulation of the Global Cassava Development Strategy (GCDS) and prepare a course of action for the next steps. A list of participants is attached.
Agenda Moderator and Minutes
Mr Cheikh Sarr agreed to act as moderator and Truman P. Phillips agreed to keep notes of the meeting. Andrew Westby acted as Moderator for Items 3 onwards. The draft agenda, attached, was discussed and it was agreed that the intent of Agenda Item 2 was to prepare an “Outline of an Implementation Plan”.
Outline of Implementation Plan
Marcio Porto began the discussion with the presentation of two overheads that outlined what is known and recommendations of two strategies that could help to achieve the “Vision”.
Cheikh Sourang suggested a framework for discussion. This framework was captured in three implementation tables, which had the following format:.
Implementation Table (National)
This table could be completed at the national, regional and global level. The table would be modified to reflect the level of implementation. For example, production operations would not normally be included in regional and global implementation tables. Cheikh also identified the following critical path.
review of experience
These tables promoted a good deal of discussion. The major issues were who should complete the tables (should it be during the Progress Review Meeting) and at what level (national or regional) should the tables be completed. It was agreed that the tables would not be filled out at the meeting. It was noted however that much of the data needed to make an initial attempt at filling the tables is available.
It was also agreed that the tables provide a useful means of identifying the operations that need to be done at the different levels of aggregation. Likewise, the tables provide a means of identifying the importance of different actions. The importance of and need for, funding was noted by a number of participants.
Mpoko Bokanga noted that care should be taken not to create implementation plans that if unsuccessful would leave nothing. He noted that the Implementation Plan should be robust.
Thierry Thuriet noted that the approach appeared too top-down. Cheikh Sourang pointed out that the approach was actually a two-way approach.
Guy Henry pointed out that a measure of the success of the GCDS and resulting Implementation Plan is that it accelerates the development of the cassava industry.
In closing the morning session before break, Cheikh Sarr identified four areas of
discussion that appeared to be applicable to the development of an “Outline of an Implementation
Need to promote the Global Cassava Strategic approach.
Help countries develop implementation plans.
Agree upon coordination mechanism plans for the GCDS.
Need to validate the GCDS.
After the break Cheikh Sarr expanded his summary of issues discussed during the morning that could contribute to an outline of an implementation plan:
need to promote the GCDS approach;
help countries develop implementation plans;
help build national implementations;
develop strategy for follow-up of the GCDS;
seek funding for regional and global activities;
identify regional networks and help consolidate and strengthen the networks;
make use of regional reports, case studies, etc. to identify constraints and opportunities.
This summary was followed by a wide-ranging discussion of issues around the GCDS and the implementation plan.
Guy Henry noted that national issues should not be discussed. The question here was that the regional networks (once all are properly functioning) are the appropriate representative bodies for the national systems. What needs to be done as part of the GCDS is to look where certain strategic issues are missing and subsequently work on installing these in the regional network agendas. It was pointed out that EARRNET covers a broad spectrum of the cassava industry and that CORAF, although more research orientated, is linked (or will be linked) to the various player in the cassava system.
Andrew Westby noted that an original guiding principle of the GCDS was the identification of constraints and opportunities. Cheikh Sourang noted that more information is needed and areas need to be identified where more has to be done.
Mpoko Bokanga noted that it should be clear about whether the GCDS (an approach) or Cassava Development (a course of action) be discussed.
Guy Henry noted the need to find the red-line between production and markets. He suggested the theme of “Linking producers and growth markets”. He also suggested that areas where networks are deficient or could be strengthened on strategic points like linkages, integration and information be identified.
It was finally agreed that the points summarized by Cheikh Sarr should be recommended and an agreement developed on each of the points. The following was an attempt which appeared to be the consensus of the meeting.
|G||Promote the GCDS at national, regional and global levels|
|G||Be advocates for the GCDS|
|Seek support (promote, commitment, resources and funding) for the GCDS at national, regional and global levels|
|G/R/N||Stakeholders to approach on an individual or joint basis, their respective development partners to seek support from them in the context of the respective strategy priorities and programmes of the concerned partners|
|G||Set-up some form of coordination or network for global level activities|
|G||Identify mechanisms to provide follow-up on the GCDS|
|G||Develop a management information system related to the GCDS|
|G/R||Help to set-up coordination mechanisms at the national, regional and global levels|
|G/R||Make use of regional reports and attempt to provide information on constraints and opportunities as they relate to the GCDS|
|G/R||Validate the GCDS|
|G/R||Assist with the development and delivery of capacity building in support of the GCDS|
|R||Assess regional networks (horizontal, vertical and cross-sectional) and create, revitalize and strengthen linkages where necessary|
|N||Help national stakeholders to develop a national consensus on the application of GCDS to their situation|
|G/R/N||Review of relevant country experiences (country case studies)|
|G/R/N||Initiate consultative process to identify stakeholders, opportunities and constraints|
|G/R/N||Identify action areas for follow-up|
|N||Assist with the development of national implementation plans|
|G/R/N||Stakeholders should examine the prospects and modalities for interfacing cassava related activities with other relevant investment or technical assistance initiatives|
|N||Implement pilot projects based on the GCDS|
It was noted that the implementation plan is an ongoing process, with items being revised, removed and added as progress is made.
Quantity, quality control of background material
This and the following agenda items refer to action required as part of the preparation and hosting of the GCDS Forum.
In preparation of the final documents to be available at the Forum it was agreed that background material should be reviewed against a check-list, based on the terms of reference for each of the papers. This discussion led to several agreed upon action as listed below.
|IFAD, Westby, Henry||15 June 1999||Develop check lists for review of country and regional reports|
|Review of country reports|
|Cheikh Sourang||15 June 1999||Send letter to responsible bodies, copied to reviewers, informing them of the impending review|
|Guy Henry||5 July 1999||Brazil|
|Bernardo Ospina||5 July 1999||Colombia|
|Lutaladio||5 July 1999||Benin,, Uganda|
|Akoroda||5 July 1999||Ghana|
|Dixon||5 July 1999||Nigeria|
|Westby||5 July 1999||Tanzania|
|Review of regional reports|
|Cheikh Sourang||18 June 1999||Determine who is available to review regional reviews|
|Nigel Poulter to be approached||5 July 1999||Same|
|Review of thematic reports|
|Howeler||Environmental paper will be available for Forum|
|Cancelled||Food security and gender|
|FAO - will be available|
|Market studies — Phases 1 and 2 will be available|
|Latin America and Southeast Asia are available|
|Westby||30 June 1999||East and Southern Africa report will be compiled Report on ISRC-AB consideration of GCDS|
|Phillips||30 June 1999||West and Central Africa will be compiled|
|Phillips, Westby||15 July 1999||African reports compiled into one report|
|Other internal documents|
|Cheikh Sourang||15 July 1999||Minutes of meetings and brainstorming sessions to be compiled|
|Global Cassava Development Strategy|
|Phillips, Plucknett||30 July 1999||To be revised in terms of comments from regional consultations and feedback. Reference to regional studies|
The desired format of the Global Strategy document was also discussed, starting from the premise that perhaps the draft currently on the table should not look different. It was proposed that the desired document would include the following:
analysis of pertinent support documents (matrices)
strategy approach (shortened/adapted version of current document)
implications for implementation
It was also proposed that members of the existing GCDS Draft Committee should assist T. Philips and D. Plucknet to define the format of the final document.
After a discussion about linking the Forum to Centres Week it was decided that this would not be possible. It was then decided that the dates for the Forum should be 8–9 November 1999. It was proposed that the Forum be co-hosted by IFAD and FAO with the possibility of additional collaboration in the hosting of the Forum.
|Cheikh Sourang||8 July 1999||IFAD to write to FAO requesting that FAO host the Forum|
The objectives of the Forum were to:
sell the approach;
obtain acceptance of the approach;
obtain concrete institutional commitments;
discuss how the approach can be built into existing institutional activities.
It was felt that the organizing committee should be primarily based in Rome. The proposed Committee was:
|FAO||Marcio Porto, N.B. Lutaladio|
|IITA||? Mpoko Bokanga|
There was a suggestion that Cheikh Sourang explore the possibility of including IGG/CFC on the organizing committee. Action is needed to establish an organizing committee
It was suggested that an Advisory Committee also be established to consist of interested organizations, donors and private sector.
After considerable discussion it was suggested that the invitees would be relevant donors, international organizations, governments, networks, NGOs.
Assuming appropriate funding, it was suggested that there would be between 50 to 100 participants.
Action: Draft list of participants to be circulated to core planning members. Suggestions for participants should be sent to Mr Lutaladio with copy to Mr Sourang.
Distribution of materials
It was agreed that availability of material that make up the GCDS effort was important. It was also noted that the volume of material makes it difficult and expensive to give all participants copies of all the documents. Core documents, which participants should receive, include:
Phase I Cassava Market Report;
Phase II Cassava Market Report.
Participants agreed that other documents should be available in a number of formats, such as on diskette/CD-ROM, GCDS Website and mailed in hard copies. Follow-up action and decision on distribution is required.
There was a discussion of a proposal provided by Guy Henry. It was suggested that the meeting be limited to two days. As a result of the discussion Guy Henry developed a revised proposal for the Forum Programme.
List of Participants
|IFAD||Cheikh Sourang; Douglas Wholey|
|FAO||Marcio Porto; N.B. Lutaladio|
|CM A, Côte d'lvoire||Cheikh Sarr|
|CIAT/Latin America||Clair Hershey|
|French Cooperation||Thierry Thuriet|
Election of Chairperson and Secretary of the meeting and approval of agenda.
Preparation of an outline draft of the GCDS Implementation Plan (including operationalization of the interface between the Global Strategy and the relevant TA and/or investment projects at country and regional level.
Quantity, quality control of background materials and their future editing and publication (RR, CCS, Thematics, Regional Consultations).
Format and contents of the GCDS document draft.
Responsibilities for the finalization of the Global Strategy document in light of the regional stakeholders' consultations and other relevant background documents.
Terms of Reference, organizational arrangements and action plans (roles and responsibilities) for the Global Forum.
TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR THE GLOBAL FORUM
Since 1996, a Task Force, representing the principal cassava development stakeholders, led by IFAD, has engaged in a participatory process of key analyses, leading to the formulation of a global strategy. Regional and national consultations have been part of this process, paving the way for a global stakeholder forum.
Goal of the strategy
To unleash the full potential of cassava through global development actions
Purpose of the Forum
To promote a global cassava development strategy to the group of principal stakeholders, to endorse the strategy, to inform them of current and future opportunities and to solicit future commitments.
To assemble an appropriate group of principal cassava development stakeholders, coming from all relevant continents and representing public and private sectors, national and international research, development and financing agencies concerned with cassava development, in order to présent and discuss the validity and usefulness of the GCDS.
To review ongoing and pipeline cassava-based projects and activities influenced by the GCDS.
To present, discuss and reach consensus on a proposed action plan for the implementation of the GCDS.
To solicit and receive commitments from stakeholders, for concrete future contributions in line with the accepted GCDS action plan.
To propose, discuss and reach consensus on future action programming and a division of labour.
To publicize the event as broadly as possible.
- private sector representatives (root/starch/pellet producer/processing/export), food industries, info agencies, NGOs;
- representatives from national and international financing/development/donor agencies;
- regional and national government policy-makers.
Expected outputs :
- an efficiently organized, managed and well-attended event;
- GCDS endorsed, and the implementation proposal + action plan co-owned by participants;
- a significant number of firm commitments by stakeholders, regarding concrete contributions for implementing the GCDS' future plan of action;
- the commodity, event, message and future action are well-publicized by the media.
Forum activities :
- formal key presentations;
- plenary, round table and working group discussions;
- exhibit of commercial, development and scientific products;
Forum structure and programme
|Day 1 : -||Opening presentations and introductions and programme (FAO-IFAD)|
|- Setting the stage: GCDS background, objectives and activities (Sourang)|
|- Regional cassava sector presentations, three (Ospina, Henry, Booth)|
|- FAO global cassava projections (Coccia)|
|- Thematic review presentations, two (Philips, Howeler)|
|- The GCDS presentation (Plucknei)|
|- Round table comments and discussions|
|- Endorsement of the Strategy|
|Day 2: -||Project cases influenced by the GCDS, 2 (Clayuca)|
|- Private industries perceptions (one to two)|
|- Government perceptions (one)|
|- Donor agency perceptions (one)|
|- Proposal for the implementation (action plan) of the GCDS|
|- Round table comments and discussions|
|- Proposal for future action and commitments|
Organization of the event :
the formation of an Advisory Group: representatives from IF AD, FAO, CGIAR, EG, CFC, WB, IDRC, WFP (chair);
the formation of an Organizing Committee: co-chaired by IFAD (C. Sourang) and FAO M. Porto), Secretariat in FAO (N. Lutaladio) and members of CFC, CIAT, CIRAD, NRI and IITA;
formulation of the TOR of the Organizing Committee could include activities, namely:
- reach a consensus on a detailed Forum proposal, budget and invitation;
- consensus on and development of an invitation list (database);
- decide on the presentations and speakers;
- approach sponsors and media;
- despatch a first invitation, later followed by a second (with a detailed programme);
- open a web site for announcements and background documents distribution;
- printing of documents.
Programme of activities es
|Formation of Organizing Committee and Advisory Group|
|Formulation of the TOR|
|Participants database (invitations)|
|1st and 2nd Invitations and programme sent|
|Additional funding (travel and per diems)|
|Web site established||GH, AW, TP, MP|
|Activity progress meeting|
Budget and co-funding arrangements (US$)
|Cocktails and coffee||****|
|Travel & per diem||**||**||**|
Programme for the regional consultation meeting for West and Central Africa
Accra, Ghana, 1–3 June 1999
Day 1.Tuesday, 1 June 1999
|08.55–09.00 hours||Participants seated|
|09.00–09.05 hours||Introduction of Chairperson||Mr F. Ofori, MOFA, Ghana|
|09.05–09.15 hours||Chairperson's remarks||Mr J.C. Norman, Deputy Director-General|
|09.15–09.25 hours||Welcome Address||Mr Bamidele Dada, FAO, Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Africa|
|09.25–09.40 hours||Short statements and introduction of regional organizations||Mr Cheikh Sourang, Meting Coordinator, IFAD Representatives|
|Opening Address||Deputy Minister for Food and Agriculture of Ghana|
|09.40–10.00 hours||Group photograph||All participants and invitees|
|10.00–10.30 hours||Coffee Break|
|10.30 hours||Present status and potential of cassava in Africa||Chair: Ministry of Agriculture, Bénin|
|• Introductory remarks on the regional study for Africa||M. Bokanga, IITA|
|• Germplasm development||A. Dixon, IITA|
|• Expanding markets||M. Bokanga, IITA|
|• Sustainability of cropping systems||P. Kormawa, IITA|
|11.30 hours||Review of cassava country case studies|
|Review of the Strategy development Process|
|14.00 hours||Thematic review under the GCDS||Chair: Baba Dioum|
|• Product definition and market expansion||Truman Philips, Consultant|
|• Environmental assessment||Reinhardt Howeler, C1AT|
|14.30 hours||Presentation of the GCDS||T. Philips, Consultant|
|15.00 hours||Feedback of regional consultations|
|Latin America and Asia||Clair Hershey, CIAT|
|R. Howeler, CIAT|
|• African Root Crop Researchers (ISTRC-AB)||M. Akoroda|
|15.45 hours||Coffee break|
|16.00 hours||Current regional initiatives relevant to the GCDS:|
|• EARRNET (East Africa)||W. Khizza|
|• CEWARRNET (West and Central Africa)||J. Otoo|
|16.45 hours||Identification of working groups:|
|• Topics, methods and expected outputs T. Philips|
|• Composition, venues, moderation, clarifications M. Porto|
|Day 2:||Wednesday, 2 June 1999|
|08.30 hours||Working group discussions:|
|Group 1: Ghana and Nigeria|
|Group 2: Bénin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d'lvoire, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo|
|14.00 hours||Group 3. Networking|
|Group 4. Linkages|
|16.30 hours||Plenary discussions|
|20.00 hours||Meeting of the Drafting Committee|
|Day 3:||Thursday, 3 June 1999|
|08.30 hours||Presentation of working groups and discussion|
|10.30 hours||Coffee break|
|14.00 hours||Meeting of the Drafting Committee|
|17.00 hours||Presentation of final report|
|17.00 hours||Summary and conclusions|
List of participants to the Regional Consultation Meeting
|Norbert G. Maroya||Benin||Chef Programme Manioc, INRAB|
|Akpodji Cosme||Benin||Dir. du Cabinet, Min. du Dev. Rural|
|T. K. Christophe Medenou||Benin||Direction Prog, et Prepective (MDR)|
|Georges N'Da Ossory||Benin||DG/c. atacora (D PDRAII)|
|Bio Sourokou||Benin||Directeur PROMIC/FIDA|
|Ahlouinki Dieudonne Messan||Benin||Directeur PAGER|
|Assan B. Emile||Benin||CTDR/PR|
|Anatole Sognohossou||Benin||Direct, de Formation Operat. Vulgarisation|
|Dossou Firmin Adjahossou||Benin||CORAF (Root & Tuber Crops Network)|
|Norbert K. Gohoungo||Benin||Interpreter|
|Marc Lapodini Atouga||Burkina Faso||UEMOA|
|Lydie Nsoutou Meka (Mrs)||Cameroon||Syndicat Nat. de Producteurs de Manioc|
|A. Denis Ngan||Cameroon||Consultant, SCETIA/AGROKEL/AGRIMEX|
|Jacob Ngeve||Cameroon||Head, International Coop. Service|
|Basile Erepe||C. African Rep.||CMA/AOC, National Coordinator|
|Cheikh Tidiane Sarr||Côte d'lvoire||CMA/AOC, Facilitator|
|Irie Bi Djo||Côte d'Ivoire||Min. de 1'Agriculture et des Ress. Animales|
|Bernard Ekaba||Ghana||FAO Ghana|
|Rene Wright||Ghana||FAO Ghana|
|Brahim Kebe||Ghana||FAO Ghana|
|Anthony Youdeouwei||Ghana||FAO Ghana|
|Sicco Kolijn||Ghana||FAO Ghana|
|Thierry Thuriet||France||Mission Francaise D'Appui au Cliss|
|K. Afreh-Nuamah||Ghana||UNDP/FAO/MOFA IPM, Proj. Coord.|
|Stephanie Gallat (Mrs.)||Ghana||NRI|
|Francis Ofori||Ghana||MOFA, Dir. Crop Services|
|Akwasi Adjei Adjekum||Ghana||MOFA, Nat. Progr. Coordinator RTIP|
|Joe Afuakwa||Ghana||Crops Research Institute|
|Wisdom Kofi Amoa Awua||Ghana||Food Research Institute|
|Emmanuel Canacoo||Ghana||Leventis Foundation|
|E. A. Manama||Ghana||Leventis Foundation|
|Lydia Sasu (Mrs)||Ghana||FAO Freedom for Hunger Campaign|
|John Otoo||Ghana||CORAF, Root and Tuber Network|
|John Enos Ackeifi||Ghana||Minister for religion|
|Egnonto M. Koffi-Tessio||Ghana||Consultant FAO/RAFP|
|Bulau Tshibaka||Ghana||FAO-RAF, Chief Policy Assistance Branch|
|Kwame Afreh, Nuamah||Ghana||Faculty of Agriculture, U. of Ghana|
|Seth Ashiamah||Ghana||MOFA, Agric. Extension Service|
|Pepsy-Lee Andoh||Ghana||GBC, Senior Programme Organizer|
|Samuel Cobblah Aryee||Ghana||Cassava Farmer|
|Sadikhou Lamine Toure||Guinea||CMA/AOC, Programme Tubercules|
|Alain Bamba||Guinea||PDPEF/FIDA, Directeur|
|Salifou F. Camara||Guinea||Project FID A, Directeur|
|Marcio Porto||Italy||FAO Rome, AGPC|
|N. B. Lutaladio||Italy||FAO Rome, AGPC|
|Cheikh Sourang||Italy||IFAD Rome|
|Perin Saint Ange||Italy||IFAD Rome|
|Douglas Wholey||Italy||IFAD Rome|
|Ofelia Medrano||Italy||IFAD Rome|
|Idi Maman||Niger||PSN II, Directeur|
|Moutari Soulei||Niger||PDRAA, Directeur|
|Bakari Seidou||Niger||Dir. de l'Agr., Min. Agric. lÉlevage|
|Mpoko Bokanga||Nigeria||IITA, Biochemist|
|Alfred Dixon||Nigeria||IITA, Cassava Breeder|
|J. Adelabu Okogun||Nigeria||ITA, Soil Microbiologist|
|Patrick Kormawa||Nigeria||IITA, Economist|
|Jacob H. D. Mignouna||Nigeria||IITA, Biotechnologist|
|Adeoye A. Adeniji||Nigeria||National Seed Service, Fed. Dept. Agric.|
|Bayo Ajayi||Nigeria||Nigeria Cassava Farmers' Association|
|Timothy Olatunji Ogunyanwo||Nigeria||Catering Services Ltd., Deputy Director|
|Adegbola Balogun||Nigeria||Catering Serv. Ltd., Head Agroprocessing|
|Ernest Akosa Okadigbo||Nigeria||Federal Ministry of Agriculture|
|Gabriel Chukwuka Orkwor||Nigeria||National Root Crops Res. Institute|
|Malachy 0. Akoroda||Nigeria||ISTRC-AB, President|
|J. Q. Subah||Nigeria||ECOWAS Secretariat, Senior Officer|
|C. Dia||Nigeria||IITA, Interpreter|
|Baba Dioum||Senegal||CMA/AOC, Coordinator|
|Saliou Diouf||Senegal||CMA/AOC, Charge de Mission|
|Mamadou Bamba Diouf||Senegal||SOPROKA, Biologiste|
|Reinhardt Howeler||Thailand||CIAT Asia|
|Kodjo Tetevi||Togo||ITRA, Directeur Scientifique|
|Baronda Boma Atta||Togo||BOMACO, Directeur|
|Ganda Seyni Hassane||Togo||BOAD, Directeur Adjoint DFP|
|A. H. Kodjovi-Numado||Togo||PODV/FIDA, Directeur du project|
|S. K. D. Kudzo Gligbe||Togo||Cellule Technique Agroforestrie, Chief|
|Baty Gmakagni||Togo||SOGVERD, Coord. National du Project|
|Bill William Khizzah||Uganda||IITA, Regional Scientist|
|Andrew Westby||United Kingdom||NRI, Research manager|
Organizing Committee of the validation forum on the Global Cassava Development Strategy
Marcio C. M. Porto, FAO, AGPC - Chair
NeBambi Lutaladio, FAO, AGPC - Secretary
Mpoko Bokanga, IITA
Hernán Ceballos, CIAT
Guy Henry, CIRAD
Truman Phillips, dTp Studies
Andrew Westby, NRI
Douglas Wholey, IF AD
Conceptión Calpe, FAO, ESCB
Anna Coccia, FAO, ESCB
M. Satin, FAO, AGSI
Rosa Rolle, FAO, AGSI
Manuela Allara, FAO, AGPP
Frances Spiers-Centioni, FAO, AGPC
Christoph Diederichs, FAO, TCIL