CoverFAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER   494/2
Guidelines for designing data collection and sharing systems for co-managed fisheries
Part 2: Technical guidelines

by
Ashley S. Halls
Aquae Sulis Ltd
Bath, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Robert I. Arthur
MRAG Ltd
London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Devin Bartley
FAO Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service
Rome, Italy

Malene Felsing
Environment Waikato Hamilton East, New Zealand

Richard Grainger
FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Unit
Rome, Italy

Wolf Hartmann
Mekong River Commission Secretariat
Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic

Dirk Lamberts
MRAG Ltd
London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

John Purvis
Lake Victoria Fisheries Organisation
Jinja, Uganda

Parvin Sultana
Middlesex University
Enfield, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Paul Thompson
Middlesex University
Enfield, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Suzannah Walmsley
MRAG Ltd
London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, © FAO 2005
CONTENTS


The document is an output from project R8285 and R8462 funded by the Department for International Development (DFID) of the United Kingdom under the Fisheries Management Science Programme. The views expressed are not necessarily those of DFID.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-105409-6

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to:

Chief
Publishing Management Service
Information Division
FAO
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy
or by e-mail to:
copyright@fao.org


Hyperlinks to non-FAO Internet sites do not imply any official endorsement of or responsibility for the opinions, ideas, data or products presented at these locations, or guarantee the validity of the information provided. The sole purpose of links to non-FAO sites is to indicate further information available on related topics.

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software. FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.


Contents

Preparation of this document

Abstract

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations

1.   Introduction

1.1   The need for guidelines

1.2   Aim and scope of the guidelines

1.3   Structure and use of Part 2: Technical guidelines

2.   The information needs of co-managers

2.1   Introduction

2.2   The management process

2.3   The co-management process

2.3.1   Who does what?

2.4   The four categories of information

3.   What to collect and share

3.1   Introduction

3.1.1    Indicators and explanatory variables

3.1.2   Other factors influencing the choice of indicators and data variables

3.2   Category 1-Data for formulating and evaluating policy and development plans

3.2.1   Data for national policy and development planning

3.2.2   Data to evaluate co-management policy performance

3.2.3   Data requirements for development and poverty reduction evaluation

3.2.4   Data to meet management and reporting obligations

3.2.5   Data requirements in support of memberships to regional management bodies

3.3   Category 2 -Data to formulate and coordinate local management plans

3.3.1   Resource and environment

3.3.2   Fishery

3.3.3   Fishers and other stakeholders

3.3.4   Management roles and responsibilities

3.3.5   Management plan objectives and current status

3.3.6   Management strategy

3.3.7   Performance evaluation criteria and decision-making arrangements

3.3.8   External arrangements, markets and vulnerability context

3.3.9   Results of any previous management plan evaluations

3.3.10   Data to coordinate local plans

3.3.11   Other information

3.4   Category 3 -Data to implement local plans

3.4.1   Data for enforcing local rules and regulations

3.4.2   Data for resolving conflict

3.5   Category 4 -Data to evaluate and improve local management plans

3.5.1   Data to monitor the performance of the management plan

3.5.2   Data to explain the performance of the management plan

3.5.3   Linking performance and explanatory variables -empirical models

3.5.4   Passive adaptive management use among fishery or unit comparisons

3.5.5   Active adaptive management

3.5.6   Analytical models

3.5.7   Other Bayesian approaches for evaluating local management plans

3.5.8   Evaluating co-management policy

4.   Data sources and methods

4.1   Data sources

4.2   Data collection methods

4.3   Participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E)

4.3.1   Participation in practice

4.3.2   Additional sources of information

4.4   Complete enumeration or sampling?

4.4.1   Stratification

4.5   Factors influencing the choice of sources and methods

4.6   Selecting sources and tools

4.6.1   Recommendations from the Udon Thani Expert Consultation

4.6.2   Fish disposition pathway diagrams

5.   Co-designing the data collection and sharing system

5.1   Meeting information needs

5.2   An eight-stage participatory design process

5.2.1   Stage 1 - Identify the main stakeholders, their interest and capacity

5.2.2   Stage 2 - Formulate, formalize or review local management plans

5.2.3   Stage 3 - Identify common data needs including specification

5.2.4   Stage 4 - Review existing data and identify shortfalls

5.2.5   Stage 5 - Agree data collection and sharing strategy

5.2.6   Stage 6 - Identify or develop data and information sharing system

5.2.7   Stage 7 - Design data recording and management systems

5.2.8   Stage 8 - Implement, evaluate and refine

References

Glossary

Annex 1   Standard fishing effort measures

Annex 2   Examples of existing and planned data and information sharing networks

Figures

1.   The structure of the guidelines

2.   The five main activities that form the management process

3.   The co-management spectrum

4.   The use of the four main categories of information in the context of co-management illustrating opportunities and benefits of information sharing

5.   CPUE plotted as a function of time

6.   Example of an empirical model describing the relationship between yield and stocking density

7.   An example of a Bayesian network model

8.   CPUA vs. fisher density for 36 floodplain rivers in Africa; Asia; and Latin America

9.   Institutional analysis and design framework

10.   Factors influencing the choice of data sources and data collection methods

11.   Examples of fish disposition pathway diagrams for conch and lobster and finfish in the Turks and Caicos Islands

12.   Common data needs of co-managers

13.   A proposed eight-stage process for designing data collection and sharing systems for co-managed fisheries

14.   The sustainable livelihoods framework

15.   Thirteen stages and three phases of the PAPD process

16.   Example of a thematic map illustrating the location of important landing sites and numbers of fishing vessels by category in Antigua, Caribbean

17.   Illustration of the potential information flows that might be created

18.    Example of a communications map

19.   Data collection activities and actors on Lake George, Uganda

20.   Fisheries information flow and use in planning for Lake George, Uganda

21.    The information sharing network developed by stakeholders at Sunamganj, Bangladesh using a draft version of these guidelines

22.   The information sharing system developed by co-managers of the Huay Luang reservoir using a draft version of these guidelines