CoverFAO TECHNICAL GUIDELINES FOR RESPONSIBLE FISHERIES       10
INCREASING THE CONTRIBUTION OF SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES TO POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND FOOD SECURITY

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, © FAO 2005

CONTENTS


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ISBN 92-5-105418-5

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Cover illustration:
Trap fishermen in Batangas, Philippines. Courtesy of Francis T. Christy Jr.


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CONTENTS

Preparation of this document

Abstract

Acronyms and abbreviations

Background

Preface

Introduction

Concepts

1   Contribution, role and importance of small-scale fisheries in poverty alleviation and food security

1.1   Small-scale fisheries and poverty alleviation

1.1.1   Contribution of small-scale fisheries to economic growth at the national level

1.1.2   Contribution of small-scale fisheries to local economies

1.1.3   Contribution of small-scale fisheries to household poverty alleviation

1.2   Small-scale fisheries and food security

1.2.1   Nutritional contribution of fish to food security

1.2.2   The contribution of small-scale fisheries to world fish supply and the impact on fish food security

1.2.3   Contribution of small-scale fisheries to food security at national level: the issue of trade

1.2.4   Contribution at the individual/household level

2   Enhancing the role of small-scale fisheries in contributing to poverty alleviation and food security

2.1   A vision for small-scale fisheries

2.2   The Code of Conduct

2.3   Fisheries policy in support of the poor

2.3.1   The Code of Conduct

2.3.2   Improving policy processes

2.3.3   Specifying appropriate objectives

2.3.4   Cross-sectoral policy

2.3.5   Recognizing policy trade-offs

2.4   Legislation in support of the poor

2.4.1   The Code of Conduct

2.4.2   Ensuring that the process of law making is participatory

2.4.3   Important areas of legislation

2.5   Implementation issues

2.5.1   Human capacity development

2.5.2   Importance of information

2.5.3   Need for appropriate funding

2.5.4   Inclusion of civil society and users, and participation and empowerment of communities

2.6   Cross-sectoral considerations

2.6.1   The Code of Conduct

2.6.2   Recognizing the rural poverty context and the multi-use nature of resources

2.6.3   Recognizing the complexity and range of livelihood strategies and coping mechanisms

2.7   The contribution of fisheries management

2.7.1   The Code of Conduct

2.7.2   What does fisheries management entail?

2.7.3   Who are the managers?

2.7.4   Ending open access - the assignment of rights

2.7.5   Policies, goals and operational objectives

2.7.6   Management plans, strategies and measures

2.7.7   Biological and environmental constraints

2.7.8   Monitoring, control and surveillance

2.7.9   Institutions

2.7.10   Data, reference points and performance indicators

2.7.11   Dealing with transitions

2.8   Making markets work for the poor

2.8.1   The Code of Conduct

2.8.2   Trends in macro-level market reforms and their impacts

2.8.3   Trends in fish trade and their impacts on small-scale fisheries

2.8.4   What can be done within fisheries?

2.9   Financing poverty alleviation

2.9.1   The Code of Conduct

2.9.2   Financing transition to responsible fisheries

2.9.3   Credit and savings

2.9.4   Insurance and social security funds

2.10   Appropriate information, research and communication

2.10.1   The Code of Conduct

2.10.2   Information and communication issues

2.10.3   Research requirements

2.10.4   Recommendations on bridging the gap between research, policy and action

3   Conclusion

Appendix: Tables

Table 1The different dimensions of poverty alleviation in relation to small-scale fisheries, including the specific issue of vulnerability
Table 2Dimension of food (in) security
Table 3Policy objectives
Table 4Coping mechanisms used in fishing-related communities/households to deal with vulnerability

These tables are extracted from Béné, C.; Macfadyen, G.; Allison, E.H. [In press]. Increasing the contribution of small-scale fisheries to poverty alleviation and food security. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, No. 481. Rome, FAO.