CoverFAO Fisheries Report No. 782   FIPP/R782 (En)
FAO/JAPAN GOVERNMENT COOPERATIVE PROGRAMME   GCP/INT/788/JPN
OVERCOMING FACTORS OF UNSUSTAINABILITY AND OVEREXPLOITATION IN FISHERIES: SELECTED PAPERS ON ISSUES AND APPROACHES

INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES INSTRUMENTS AND FACTORS OF UNSUSTAINABILITY AND OVEREXPLOITATION IN FISHERIES

Siem Reap, Cambodia, 13–16 September 2004

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2005
© FAO 2005

CONTENTS


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Cover photograph:
Fishing for trey riel (Henicorhynchus siamensis) on the Tonle Sap Great Lake of Cambodia, where it represents the second most important staple food after rice. Courtesy of Peter Degen.


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ISBN 92-5-105449-5


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PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

With financial support from the Government of Japan, an FAO project, GCP/INT/788/JPN, was initiated in 2001 to address issues related to factors of overexploitation and unsustainability in fisheries. The aim of the project is to improve fisheries management through better knowledge of factors leading to unsustainability and overexploitation in fisheries, and to improve the framework for the implementation of international fisheries instruments.

A first workshop on factors contributing to unsustainability and overexploitation in fisheries was organized in the context of this project in Bangkok, Thailand, from 4 to 8 February 2002 (“the Bangkok Workshop”).*

A second workshop on the implementation of international fisheries instruments and factors of unsustainability and overexploitation in fisheries was held in Mauritius, from 3 to 7 February 2003 (“the Mauritius Workshop”).**

A third workshop on international fisheries instruments and factors of unsustainability and overexploitation was held in Siem Reap, Cambodia, from 13 to 16 September 2004 (“the Siem Reap Workshop”).

This document contains the report of the Siem Reap Workshop and eighteen discussion papers submitted by the participants. The report includes a summary of each paper and a synthesis of views expressed during the discussion, followed by the overall conclusions and recommendations of the workshop.

This document was compiled and edited by Ms Judith Swan, Consultant, and Dr Dominique Gréboval, Senior Fishery Planning Officer (FAO Fisheries Department) and Technical Secretary of the Workshop.



Distribution

Participants in the Workshop
FAO Fisheries Department
Fisheries Officers in FAO Regional Offices

* The report of the Bangkok Workshop is published in FAO Fisheries Report No. 672, “Report and documentation of the International Workshop on Factors Contributing to Unsustainability and Overexploitation in Fisheries. Bangkok, Thailand, 4–8 February 2002” (Gréboval, ed.)

** The report of the Workshop is published in FAO Fisheries Report No. 700, “Report and documentation of the International Workshop on the Implementation of International Fisheries Instruments and Factors of Unsustainability and Overexploitation in Fisheries. Mauritius, 3–7 February 2003” (Swan and Gréboval, eds.)

Swan, J; Gréboval, D. (eds.)
Overcoming factors of unsustainability and overexploitation in fisheries: selected papers on issues and approaches. International Workshop on the Implementation of the International Fisheries Instruments and Factors of Unsustainability and Overexploitation in Fisheries. Siem Reap, Cambodia, 13–16 September 2004.
FAO Fisheries Report . No. 782. Rome, FAO. 2005. 352p.
ABSTRACT
An international workshop was organized in order to identify factors of unsustainability and overexploitation in fisheries and review major issues in the implementation of international fisheries instruments. The workshop referred closely to the results of two previous workshops held in Bangkok in 2002 (International Workshop on Factors Contributing to Unsustainability and Overexploitation in Fisheries) and in Mauritius in 2003 (International Workshop on the Implementation of International Fisheries Instruments and Factors of Unsustainability and Overexploitation in Fisheries). The Workshop focused on: the way main factors are addressed in international fisheries instruments; the difficulties and obstacles for States and regional fishery bodies to implement existing fisheries instruments; the way these difficulties and obstacles can be overcome; the lessons learned from the implementation of fisheries instruments in relation to overexploitation and unsustainability infisheries; and the identification of possible gaps.
The Workshop was based on a review of eighteen discussion papers that took into account the outcomes of the previous two workshops and addressed the following themes: (1) Governance and fisheries management: causes or solutions for unsustainability; (2) Access and fishing rights; (3) Fishery management and sustainability dimensions; and (4) Small-scale issues and developing country perspective.
This document contains the report of the Workshop and discussion papers submitted by the participants. The report includes a summary of each paper and a synthesis of views expressed during the discussion, followed by the overall conclusions and recommendations of the workshop.

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

PART I:   REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES INSTRUMENTS AND FACTORS OF SUSTAINABILITY AND OVEREXPLOITATION

1.   INTRODUCTION

2.   SUMMARY OF DISCUSSION PAPERS

3.   SYNTHESIS OF VIEWS EXPRESSED DURING THE DISCUSSION

4.   OVERALL CONCLUSIONS

5.   RECOMMENDATIONS

ANNEX 1:   LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

ANNEX 2:   WORKSHOP AGENDA

PART II:   DISCUSSION PAPERS

I.   GOVERNANCE AND FISHERIES MANAGEMENT: CAUSES OR SOLUTIONS FOR UNSUSTAINABILITY

ALLOCATION AND CONSERVATION OF OCEAN FISHERY RESOURCES CONNECTING RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
BY SERGE M. GARCIA AND JEAN BONCŒUR

IS THE FAILURE OF CONVENTIAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT MAKING THE CONSERVATIONIST APPROACH MORE APPEALING, OFFERING A WAY OUT OF MAKING TOUCH DECISIONS ?
BY JAKE RICE

SLOW FISH : CREATING NEW METAPHORS FOR SUSTAINABILITY
BY RATANA CHUENPAGDEE AND DANIEL PAULY

IS FISHERY SCIENCE HELPING TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABILITY IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC ?
BY JEAN-JACQUES MAGUIRE

RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES INSTRUMENTS AND TRENDS TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY
BY MICHAEL LODGE

II.   ACCESS AND FISHING RIGHTS

ESTABLISHING ACCESS REGULATION AND RIGHTS
BY JOSEPH CATANZANO

CAPACITY MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES: INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCES
BY SEAN PASCOE AND DOMINIQUE GRÉBOVAL

DO SECURE ACCESS RIGHTS AND CO-MANAGEMENT GUARANTEE SUSTAINABILITY? A CASE STUDY OF AUTRALIA'S NORTHERN FISHERIES
BY TRYSH STONE

SUSTAINABLE UTILISATION OF FISH STOCKS - IS THIS ACHIEVABLE? A CASE STUDY FROM NAMIBIA
BY DAVID C. BOYER AND HELEN J. BOYER

III.   FISHERY MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DIMENSIONS

WILL AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH MITIGATE THE FACTORS OF UNSUSTAINABILITY?
BY JAKE RICE

TOWARD SUSTAINABLE AND RESILIENT FISHERIES: A FISHERY-SYSTEM APPROACH TO OVERCOMING T HE FACTORS OF UNSUSTAINABILITY
BY ANTHONY CHARLES

A SIMPLE FRAMEWORK FOR PROACTIVE MANAGEMENT TO MITIGATE UNSUSTAINABILITY IN FISHERIES: ESTIMATING RISKS OF EXCEEDING LIMIT REFERENCE POINTS OF BIO-ECOLOGIC, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL INDICATORS
BY JUAN CARLOS SEIJO

THREE ISSUES OF SUSTAINABILITY IN FISHERIES
BY RÖGNVALDUR HANNESSON

IV.   SMALL SCALE ISSUES AND DEVELOPING COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE

THE UNSUSTAINABLE EXPLOITATION OF INLAND FISHERIES RESOURCES IN CAMBODIA
BY SRUN LIM SONG, LIENG SOPHA, ING TRY AND HENG SOTHARITH

KERALA'S MARINE FISHERY: EVOLVING TOWARDS UNSUSTAINABILITY A PERSONAL STATEMENT SPANNING THREE DECADES
BY JOHN KURIEN

SIZE MATTERS: SCALING MANAGEMENT AND CAPACITY TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABILITY IN SIDS
BY PATRICK McCONNEY AND ROBIN MAHON

POVERTY ALLEVIATION, SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS AND MANAGEMENT IN SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES
BY EDWARD H. ALLISON AND BENOÎT HOREMANS

DECENTRALIZATION, GOVERNANCE AND POVERTY: DETERMINANTS OF UNSUSTAINABILITY. LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE VISAYAN SEA, PHILIPPINES, AND THE TONLE SAP GREAT LAKE, CAMBODIA
BY ULRICH W. SCHMIDT