Year 2005
Volume 28
Part 2,
PAAT
Programme Against African Trypanosomiasis

Cover
TSETSE AND TRYPANOSOMIASIS INFORMATION
CONTENTS


Numbers 13284–13465

Edited by
John N. Pollock
Hove, East Sussex
United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders.
Application for such permission should be addressed to:
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or by e-mail to:
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TSETSE AND TRYPANOSOMIASIS INFORMATION

The Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Information periodical has been established to disseminate current information on all aspects of tsetse and trypanosomiasis research and control to institutions and individuals involved in the problems of African trypanosomiasis. This service forms an integral part of the Programme Against African Trypanosomiasis (PAAT) and is jointly sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources of the African Union (AU-IBAR), the World Health Organization (WHO), the Research Department for Livestock Production and Veterinary Medicine of the Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD-EMVT), the British Government's Department for International Development (DFID) and the Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM), Antwerp.

The half-yearly periodical is prepared for publication, in both English and French editions, by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Each annual volume consists of two parts and an index. Subscription is free for all recipients engaged in trypanosomiasis research and control, and requests for enrolment may be sent to: Ms Maria Grazia Solari, AGAH, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy (fax +39 06 5705 5749; e-mail MariaGrazia.Solari@fao.org).

Since the value of this information service depends to a great extent on the receipt of relevant material from research workers, campaign planners and organizers and field workers themselves, readers are requested to submit news items and copies of scientific papers and reports to the Editor: Dr John N. Pollock, 25 Palmeira Mansions, Church Road, Hove, East Sussex, BN3 2FA, United Kingdom (tel. +44 1273 326211; e-mail johnnpollock@hotmail.com).

We regret that we are unable to supply photocopies of the papers quoted in the periodical.

Distribution dates and copy deadlines

 Copy deadline for news itemsDistribution
(English and French editions)
Part 115 AprilJuly/August
Part 215 OctoberJanuary/February

The Index will be distributed as soon as possible after the completion of each volume.

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN TTI

a.i.active ingredient
ACTHadrenocorticotrophic hormone
ALATalanine aminotransaminase
ASATaspartic acid aminotransaminase
b.w.body weight
BIITblood incubation infectivity test
CATT
card agglutination test for trypanosomiasis
CD50median curative dose
CNScentral nervous system
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
ELISAenzyme linked immunosorbent assay
HAThuman African trypanosomiasis
HCThaematocrit centrifugation technique
GISgeographic information system(s)
GPSglobal positioning system(s)
i.m.intramuscular(ly)
i.p.intraperitoneal(ly)
i.v.intravenous(ly)
IFATindirect fluorescent antibody test
KIVI
kit for in vitro isolation of trypanosomes
LC50median lethal concentration
LD50median lethal dose
Mmolar
mAEC
miniature anion-exchange centrifugation technique
McAbmonoclonal antibody
MWmolecular weight
NARS
National Agricultural Research Services/Systems
p.i.post-infection
PCRpolymerase chain reaction
PCVpacked cell volume
ppbparts per billion (109)
ppmparts per million
r.h.relative humidity
RNAribonucleic acid
SITsterile insect technique
sp(p).species (plural)
ssp(p).subspecies (plural)
UVultra-violet
VATvariable antigen type
VSGvariant surface glycoprotein
WBCwhite blood cell

Organizations

ANDEAgence Nationale de Développement de l'Elevage
AUAfrican Union
AU/STRCAfrican Union/Scientific, Technical and Research Commission
BICOTBiological Control of Tsetse by the Sterile Insect Technique
CEBVCommunauté Economique du Bétail et de la Viande
CEMVCentre Universitaire de Formation en Entomologie Médicale et Vétérinaire
CGIARConsultative Group on International Agricultural Research
CIRADCentre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement
CIRAD-EMVTDépartement d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux du CIRAD
CIRDESCentre International de Recherche-Développement sur l'Elevage en Zone Subhumide
CNERVCentre National d'Elevage et de Recherches Vétérinaires
CNRSCentre National de Recherche Scientifique
CREATCentre de Recherche et d'Elevage, Avétonou, Togo
CRSSACentre de Recherches du Service de Santé des Armées Emile Pardé
CTVMCentre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine
DFIDDepartment for International Development (UK)
DSEGerman Foundation for International Development
EC/EUEuropean Community/European Union
EDFEuropean Development Fund
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FITCAFarming in Tsetse Control Areas of Eastern Africa
GTZDeutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit
IAEAInternational Atomic Energy Agency
IBARInterafrican Bureau for Animal Resources
ICIPEInternational Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology
ICPTVIntegrated Control of Pathogenic Trypanosomes and their Vectors
IFADInternational Fund for Agricultural Development
ILRIInternational Livestock Research Institute
INRAInstitut National de Recherche Agronomique
IPRInstitut Pierre Richet
IRDInstitut de Recherche et de Développement (formerly ORSTOM)
ISCTRCInternational Scientific Council for Trypanosomiasis Research and Control
ITMInstitute of Tropical Medicine
ISRAInstitut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles
ITCInternational Trypanotolerance Centre
KARIKenya Agricultural Research Institute
KETRIKenya Trypanosomiasis Research Institute
LCVLaboratoire Central Vétérinaire
LNERVLaboratoire National de l'Elevage et de Recherches Vétérinaires
LSHTMLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
MRCMedical Research Council
MRUMano River Union
NITRNigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research
NRINatural Resources Institute
OCCGEOrganisation de Coopération et de Coordination pour la Lutte contre les Grande Endémies
OCEACOrganisation de Coordination pour la Lutte contre les Endémies en Afrique Centrale
OGAPROVOffice Gabonais pour l'Amélioration de la Production de la Viande
OIEOffice International des Epizooties
OMVGOrganisation pour la Mise en Valeur du Fleuve Gambie
PAATProgramme against African Trypanosomiasis
PATTECPan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign
PRCTProjet de Recherches Cliniques sur la Trypanosomiase
RDIRural Development International
RUCARijksuniversitair Centrum Antwerpen
SADCSouthern African Development Community
SIDASwedish International Development Authority
SODEPRASociété pour le Développement des Productions Animales
TDRUNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases
TDRCTropical Diseases Research Centre
TPRITropical Pesticides Research Institute
TTRITsetse and Trypanosomiasis Research Institute
UNDPUnited Nations Development Programme
USAIDUnited States Agency for International Development
USDAUnited States Department of Agriculture
UTROUganda Trypanosomiasis Research Organisation
WHOWorld Health Organization

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE NATIONS
Rome, © FAO 2006


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CONTENTS

SECTION A - NEWS

Book publication: new text on SIT

WHO/TDR Programme Report

FAO/IAEA Joint Division: Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, Seibersdorf, Austria

SECTION B - ABSTRACTS

1.   General (including land use)

2.   Tsetse biology

(a)   Rearing of tsetse flies

(b)   Taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry

(c)   Distribution, ecology, behaviour, population studies

3.   Tsetse control (including environmental side effects)

4.   Epidemiology: vector-host and vector-parasite interactions

5.   Human trypanosomiasis

(a)   Surveillance

(b)   Pathology and immunology

(c)   Treatment

6.   Animal trypanosomiasis

(a)   Survey and distribution

(b)   Pathology and immunology

(c)   Trypanotolerance

(d)   Treatment

7.   Experimental trypanosomiasis

(a)   Diagnostics

(b)   Pathology and immunology

(c)   Chemotherapeutics

8.   Trypanosome research

(a)   Cultivation of trypanosomes

(b)   Taxonomy, characterisation of isolates

(c)   Life cycle, morphology, biochemical and molecular studies