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APPENDIXES

APPENDIX A
Agenda

  1. Opening of the Meeting

  2. Adoption of the Agenda and Meeting arrangements

  3. Progress with regards to the establishment of the RECOFI Regional Aquaculture Information System

  4. Progress with regards to the finalization of the project proposal to strengthen the legal and policy framework of aquaculture in the RECOFI region

  5. Introduction of exotic species in the RECOFI region

  6. Proposal for the regional workshop on marine stock enhancement and artificial reefs

  7. Nomination of the RECOFI Working Group on Aquaculture Focal Points and Alternates Focal Points

  8. Other matters

  9. Date and place of the third meeting of the RECOFI Working Group on Aquaculture

  10. Adoption of the Report

APPENDIX B
List of participants

MEMBERS OF RECOFI

BAHRAIN

Abdul Redha J. SHAMS
Directorate of Marine Resources
Public Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment and Wildlife
PO Box 20071, Manama
Tel.: +973 17840499
Mob.: +973 39626696
Fax: +973 17840294
E-mail: ajshams@batelco.com.bh

Adly ALANSARI
Directorate of Marine Resources
Public Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment and Wildlife
PO Box 20071, Manama
Tel.: +973 17840499
Mob.: +973 39448458
Fax: +973 17840294
E-mail: adly10@yahoo.com

IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF)

Shapour KAKOOLAKI
Extension and Training Department
Iranian Fisheries Organization
West Fatemi Avenue No. 250, Tehran
Tel.: +98 21 66943854
Fax: +98 21 66944444
E-mail: bsh443@yahoo.com

IRAQ

Basim J. HUSSIN
State Board for Fisheries
Ministry of Agriculture
Bagdad
Tel.: +964 790 1661734
E-mail: fishbasim48@yahoo.com

KUWAIT

Soud Abdul Aziz HUSSAIN
Director of Fisheries Development Division
Public Authority of Agricultural and Fisheries Resources
PO Box 21422
Safat, Kuwait City
Tel.: +965 6005575
Fax: +965 4725789
E-mail: soud500sl@hotmail.com

OMAN

Ahmed Hareb AL-HOSNI
Assistant Director-General
Fisheries Research and Extension
Directorate General of Fisheries
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
PO Box 467, Muscat 113
Tel.: +968 24 696300
Fax: +968 24 605634
E-mail: al_hosniahmed@hotmail.com

Dawood Suleiman AL-YAHYAI
Marine Sciences and Fisheries Centre
Directorate General of Fisheries
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
PO Box 467, Muscat 113
Tel.: +968 24 736449
Mob.: +968 99350730
Fax: +968 24 740159
E-mail: dodo_935@yahoo.com

Ismail Ibrahim AL-FARSI
Aquaculture Laboratory
Directorate General of Fisheries
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
PO Box 467, Muscat 113
Tel.: +968 24 736449
Mob.: +968 95133423
Fax: +968 24 740159
E-mail: fadel2001@yahoo.com

QATAR

Mohammed I. AL-QAYED
Fisheries Department
Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture
PO Box 446
Doha
Tel.: +974 4675934
Mob.: +974 5508411
Fax: +974 4364212
E-mail: mohammed@alqayed.com

Khalid AL-KHALAF
Aquaculture Unit
Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture
PO Box 5513
Doha
Tel.: +974 4861643
Mob.: +974 5364004
Fax: +974 4364212
E-mail: khd02@hotmail.com

SAUDI ARABIA (KINGDOM OF)

Salem Ayedh AL-THOBAITI
Fish Farming Center
Ministry of Agriculture
PO Box 9612
Jeddah 21423
Tel.: +966 2 2342282
Mob.: +966 555667270
Fax: +966 2 2341943
E-mail: salem_althobaiti@hotmail.com

Abdullah Aziz AL-MUTAIRI
Aquaculture Department
Ministry of Agriculture
PO Box 123140
Riyadh 11471
Tel.: +966 1 4016666 / 2234
Mob.: +966 55304303505
Fax: +976 1 4031635
E-mail: aqua@agrwt.gov.sa

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Mustafa Abdulqader AL-SHAER
Marine Resources Research Center
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
PO Box 21
Umm Al-Qaiwain
Tel.: +971 6 7655881
Mob.: +971 6593953
Fax: +971 6 7655581
E-mail: mrrc.maf@uae.gov.ae

OBSERVER COUNTRY

YEMEN

Abdulla Salem ABDULLA THABET
Aquaculture Research Centre
Al-Mansoura, Block 36, Hse # 100, 1st Flr.
Aden
Tel.: +967 2 353283 / 377915
Fax: +967 2 231223
E-mail: abdullathabet@yahoo.com

RECOFI SECRETARIAT

Alessandro LOVATELLI
Fishery Resources Officer (Aquaculture)
Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service
Fishery Resources Division
FAO Fisheries Department
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome, Italy
Tel.: +39 06 57056448
Fax: +39 06 57053020
E-mail: alessandro.lovatelli@fao.org

Mohammad SAIF ABDULLAH
Senior Fisheries Officer
RECOFI Secretary
FAO Regional Office for the Near East
11 Al Eslah El Zerai Street
PO Box 2223, Cairo, Egypt
Tel: +20 2 3316141 / 3316000
Fax: +20 2 7495981 / 3373419
Mob: +20 10 1772192
Email: mohammad.saif@fao.org

APPENDIX C
List of documents

RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/1Annotated Provisional Agenda
RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/2Draft regional review of the status and trends of aquaculture development in the Near East and North Africa
RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/3Progress with regards to the establishment of the RECOFI Regional Aquaculture Information System (RAIS)
RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/4Progress with regards to the finalization of the project proposal to strengthen the legal and policy framework of aquaculture in theRECOFI region
RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/5Elements of technical guidelines for the control and responsible use of alien species in fisheries and aquaculture
RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/6Proposed RECOFI logo
RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/Inf.1Provisional List of Documents
RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/Inf.2Provisional List ofParticipants
RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/Inf.3Report of the First RECOFIWorking Group on Aquaculture Meeting (Manama, Bahrain, 18–20 April 2004)
RECOFI:WGA/II/2005/Inf.4Report of the Third Session of the Regional Commission for Fisheries (Doha, Qatar, 9–11 May 2005)

APPENDIX D
Opening statement

by
Dr Ahmed Hareb Al-Hosni

Assistant Director-General Fisheries Research and Extension
Directorate General of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
Sultanate of Oman

Distinguished FAO experts, delegates from RECOFI Member countries and Yemen: A'Salaam Alaikumm.

At the very outset, on behalf of the Government of Sultanate of Oman, I would like to welcome all delegates of the RECOFI Member countries participating in this meeting. I would like to also convey to you the regards from H.E. Salim bin Hilal Al-Khalili, Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries. He wishes you all a very successful meeting.

Aquaculture is recognized as an important and growing sector which provides food, income and job opportunities. RECOFI Member countries fully realize the importance and are committed to develop this sector in a sustainable manner. The total aquaculture production in the RECOFI region increased from 32234 tonnes in 1994 to over 106400 tonnes in 2003 with a value increase from US$77.2 million to US$283 million in the same period.

The development of aquaculture in the RECOFI area varies from one member country to another in terms of commercial production and research. Therefore, the Commission at its Second session held here in Muscat in 2003 approved the establishment of this Working Group on Aquaculture (WGA) so as to play a vital role in increasing the cooperation between members in the field of aquaculture.

This was reflected at the First meeting of the WGA in the Kingdom of Bahrain in April 2004, where two important projects were proposed. These were the establishment of Regional Aquaculture Information System (RAIS) and a project on strengthening the legal and policy framework of aquaculture in the RECOFI area. We hope this meeting in Muscat will finalize these important projects which will significantly add to the development process of the sector.

The WGA provides opportunities for aquaculture officers from RECOFI members to meet regularly and discuss joint issues and obstacles facing the development of aquaculture in the area and sharing information and experiences.

Distinguished delegates, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, while hosting this meeting, wishes you all fruitful discussions and the deliberation of appropriate recommendations to ensure an increasing regional cooperation in the aquaculture sector. It is expected that this industry will play its role in developing the economics of the RECOFI members and in contributing towards food security in the region.

Finally, both personally and on behalf of my colleagues in the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, we wish you a good stay in Oman and good wishes for a successful meeting.

Thank you.

APPENDIX E
Decisions and recommendations of the third session of the Regional Commission for Fisheries

(Doha, Qatar, 9–11 May 2005)

CAPTURE FISHERY STATISTICS IN THE RECOFI AREA

1. The Commission stressed the need for continuing improvement of the disaggregation by species of capture reported data.

2. The Commission stressed the need for continuing technical assistance from FAO to enable standards of data collection and reporting within the Commission region to be raised.

3. The Commission recalled that the deadline to submit the calendar year data is the end of August of the subsequent year.

4. Several delegates requested FAO to help in improving the quality of fisheries data that are collected through development of harmonized methods.

AQUACULTURE IN THE RECOFI AREA

5. The RECOFI Aquaculture Information System (RAIS) format was accepted and the Commission strongly recommended going ahead with this project.

6. The Country hosting the RAIS Regional Centre would provide the budget required for the development of the system.

7. Regarding hosting, Kuwait is requested to take a final decision not later than the end of July 2005. In case of a negative decision it was agreed that the Islamic Republic of Iran would host and fund the system.

8. The Commission agreed that RECOFI RAIS should be developed by FAO as soon as the necessary funds would be made available by the country hosting the Regional Centre.

9. Regarding the project proposal to strengthen the legal and policy framework for aquaculture in the RECOFI area, it was agreed that all RECOFI members will submit their comments and suggestions to FAO through the Secretariat within one month following the Session, after which FAO will finalize the project proposal.

10. The Commission acknowledged the offer made by Oman to host the regional workshop referred to in the project proposal.

11. The Member countries were invited to explore other possibilities of funding the project.

12. The Commission decided to refer the issue of the introduction of exotic species by individual countries to the WGA for further study and discussion.

REGIONAL ISSUES OF CONCERN

13. The Commission agreed on the need to strengthen cooperation with regards to aquaculture development in the region. The Commission agreed that the issues related to marine stock enhancement and artificial reefs should be further discussed within the terms of references of the WGA.

14. The Commission welcomed the proposal of Bahrain to host an ad hoc meeting of WGA. The Commission noted that the presence of international experts should be appropriated.

15. The delegate of UNEP noted the concerns of his organization with regard to the health of the marine habitats and ecosystems and stated that UNEP is ready to assist with any regional action programme to be developed.

16. The Commission agreed to have country reports prepared with concepts relating to regional issues and to be presented at the sessions of RECOFI.

PROGRAMME OF WORK AND BUDGET

17. The Commission agreed to adopt the estimated budget of Programme of Work.

18. The Secretary is requested to update the budget continuously (each three month) and inform all Member countries on any changes.

19. The Commission agreed that, for future, the Secretary should prepare a full and comprehensive financial report including statement from the previous biennium.

ANY OTHER MATTERS

20. The Commission supported the initiative for the developments of the National Aquaculture Sector Overviews (NASOs) and the Prospective Analysis of Future Aquaculture Development (PAFADs).

21. Member countries agreed to submit by the 31 July 2005 information on the national aquaculture sector according to the distributed Terms of Reference.

22. The Commission welcomed the proposal of organizing a regional workshop to review and discuss this information. The workshop should be held back-to-back with the next meeting of the Working Group on Aquaculture.

23. The Commission agreed that Working Groups could meet more during the intersessional period.

24. The Commission agreed that the next WGA meeting will be held at the end of November 2005.

25. The Commission requested the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to confirm its interest on hosting the next WGA meeting before the end of May 2005. In case a positive confirmation is not received the meeting will be hosted by Oman.

26. All members are requested to confirm the WGA Focal Point and to nominate an alternate to replace the Focal Point when absent.

DATE AND VENUE OF THE FOURTH SESSION

27. The Commission agreed to hold the fourth session of RECOFI in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the second week of May 2007.

APPENDIX F
Estimated cost and timeframe for the development of RAIS

The present document (sent to the RECOFI Secretary on 4 July 2005) was prepared following a request from the RAIS hosting country on details of the proposed budget expenditures for the development of the information system.

Personnel Services (US$30 000)

FAO-FIRI contribution

Aquaculture Information Officer - The FAO FIRI Aquaculture Information Officer will be the Focal Point between the RECOFI Member countries and the Web developers. He will coordinate the work, assisting the Regional Centre in validating the documents to be sent by the RAIS Focal Points (FAO's contribution - not included in the amount indicated).

Contribution by the RAIS funding country

Task force team - The development ofRAISwill require:

Contribution by the RECOFI Secretariat

Official travel - Duty travel of one developer to Kuwait. He will present the RAIS Web site and will assist the Regional Centre in understanding all the functionalities and technical characteristics of the information system. Travel costs and per diem will be covered by the RECOFI Secretariat in Cairo, Egypt.

Training of the staff of the Regional Centre in Kuwait on the structure/architecture of the RAIS Web site; Web server access procedures; administration procedures, etc. Three days training (estimated cost: US$3000).

Installation - Domain registration and installation in a local server (not included in the costs). The domain registration should be done by the Regional Centre in a local server in Kuwait. Detailed technical characteristics needed for the Web site hosting are provided below.

RAIS SERVER - General features

 SlightFair/GoodGoodExcellentBest
ProcessorCeleron 2.0
GHz 128k cache
P4 1.6 Ghz
256k cache
P4 2.4 Ghz
512k cache
P4 2.4 Ghz
512k cache
HD 2x 40GB U.ATA
100 Raid 1
Dual Xeon 1.8 Ghz 512k cache
(or superior)
HD 2x36GB SCSI 160 Raid 1
(Mirroring)
Ram256Mb512Mb512Mb1Gb1Gb
IDE/SCSIIDEIDEIDEIDESCSI
Raid 1NoNoNoYesYes
Raid 5NoNoNoNoNo
Hard Disk40Gb60Gb80Gb40Gb36Gb
MotherboardIntelDell or HpIntelDell or HpDell or Hp
CD-RomYesYesYesYesYes
FloppyYesYesYesYesYes
Double Power SupplyNoNoYesYesNo

Accessibility Internet/Software, general:

Accessibility:

Fireline band (connectivity)
Band (band used by consume)

These vary according to the forecasted flux of users, more is the number of accesses and more powerful the band is.

Software
A strong FIREWALL and an efficient ANTIVIRUS, is suggested.

APPENDIX G
Contents of the RAIS

The following items will be developed and included in the RAIS Web site architecture. The system will include ad hoc ASP submission forms that will allow users to immediately forward new information to the RAIS administrators at the Regional Centre who will validate and place the information on-line.

  1. The entry page should be attractive as much as possible using a visible and rational Web design (e.g. colours, font, logo). An introductive page will be prepared to explain the scope and activities of the network and the role of the information system.
    To be prepared by the Secretariat

  2. A page with the RAIS components and locations will be developed. In this page the list of the RECOFI Member countries, national centres details, focal point names and addresses, and regional centre team and address will be provided1.
    To be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  3. Directory of National Aquaculture Sector Overview (NASO) for each country. NASO is a concise and comprehensive product that gives a general overview of the aquaculture and culture based fisheries aspects in the country.
    To be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  4. Directory on annual aquaculture statistics (total production volume, in tonnes and value in US$), grouped under species, farming system and areas (marine, brackishwater, freshwater). The statistics will be provided by each Member country in form of excel tables to the Regional Centre.
    To be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  5. Directory of aquaculture experts includes the list of regional experts by country with their address and field of expertise.
    To be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  6. Directory of production centres provides the list of all producer companies (from public or private sector) in each country with the name, address, cultured species, technology and type of products produced.
    To be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  7. Directory of suppliers of equipment for aquaculture: the list of all supplier companies (from public or private sector) in each country with the name, address and speciality of supplier (e.g. feeding equipment, cages, nets, chemical analysis).
    To be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  8. Directory of research institutions contains an exhaustive and updated list of the existing research institutions in the region. Name, specialization, main research activities and address are provided.
    To be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  9. Directory on aquaculture laws and regulations contains comparative national overviews (template already provided) of laws and regulations that are relevant to aquaculture.
    To be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  10. Research and development programmes. A directory in which all the past and ongoing research and development projects dealing with aquaculture in the region are stored. For each project a half page summary will be provided including: title, objectives, expected outputs (if ongoing) or main results (if closed).
    To be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  11. Photo gallery. A photo gallery will be developed for storing and searching high quality and relevant photos of regional aquaculture.
    Photos to be provided by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  12. A virtual library will be developed for storing and providing rapid online search of relevant documents (in PDF; .doc; html) on aquaculture.
    Documents to be provided or suggested by the RECOF WGA Focal Points

  13. The page “Links” provides useful national and international links dealing with aquaculture. Private sector Web site addresses will be included in a separate page.
    Links to be provided and suggested by the RECOFI WGA Focal Points

  14. Viewers' inputs page. Through online submission forms users may submit information relevant to the RECOFI area for inclusion in the RAIS Web site particularly new items, suggested Web links, publications, photographs, names of aquaculture experts, names of aquaculture suppliers, aquaculture production centres and research institutions. All items will be cleared by RAIS Regional Centre before they are posted on the Web site.
    Information to be continuously provided by the WGA Focal Points and external users

1 The following information is to be provided by the WGA Focal Points: Name of the Institute (Name of the institute where the WGA Focal Point is based); Photo of the Institute; Full mailing address of the Institute (name, street, zip code, city, country); Names and addresses of the WGA Focal Points and Alternative Focal Points; Location (Describe where the institute is located and how to reach it form the main airport; Overview (Describe the mandate of the Institute and main ongoing activities); Staff (Numbers and profile of people working at the Institute - e.g. scientific, technical, administrative personnel); Facilities (Description of the main facilities of the institute-e.g. hatcheries, laboratories, vessels).

APPENDIX H
RECOFI legal and policy framework project proposal

Region:Near East
Countries:Bahrain, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
Project Title:Strengthening the legal and policy framework for aquaculture development in the RECOFI Member countries.
Starting Date:January 2006
Completion Date:June 2007
Government Ministry responsible for project execution: The Ministries responsible for fisheries and aquaculture of the participating countries
FAO Contribution:US$157700 (tentative)
Signed: ......................................Signed:.........................................
 Jacques Diouf
 Director-General
(on behalf of Government)(on behalf of FAO)
Date of Signature: .....................Date of signature: ........................

I. BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION

By Agreement of 11 November 1999, the Kingdom of Bahrain, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Republic of Iraq, the State of Kuwait, the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates established the Regional Commission for Fisheries (“RECOFI” or “the Commission”) within the framework of FAO. One aim of the Commission is to promote the sustainable development of aquaculture in the Gulf, being the water resource shared by all the RECOFI member countries. In addition, marine aquaculture is conducted in the Red Sea (Saudi Arabia) and the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea (Oman).

Recognizing the growing importance of aquaculture in the region, the Commission - during its Second Session from 18to 21May2003 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman - established the Working Group on Aquaculture (WGA) with a mandate focusing on marine and brackish water aquaculture. The Commission identified the collection of laws and regulations from all RECOFI Member countries and a comparison of the degree of development among the countries as priority activities for the WGA. The aim is for an external evaluation of the existing legislation, highlight improvement areas, where needed, and make recommendations on common regulations that could be adopted at a regional level. During its first meeting from 18 to 20 April 2004 in Manama, Bahrain, the WGA further discussed the level of development of aquaculture legislation among the RECOFI Member countries. Upon recommendation of the WGA, a preparatory mission was conducted in March 2005 with the assistance from FAO to Bahrain, Oman and Saudi Arabia with the objective of developing a regional Technical Cooperation Project (TCP).

There are currently more than 120 million people living in the sub-region, with Iran (Islamic Republic of) accounting for over 67 million, Iraq for over 23 million and Saudi Arabia for over 22 million people. Whereas the total production from capture fisheries in the RECOFI Member countries has been relatively constant over the last decade at around 680000 (tonnes) per year, aquaculture production has increased rapidly from a total production of 39870 (tonnes) in 1999 to 108 059 (tonnes) in 2003, representing an average annual increase of 28.3percent. Although inland production accounts for over 80 percent of the total aquaculture production, the fastest growing sector is the mariculture sector, accounting for nearly 20 percent of aquaculture production in 2003. The large majority of this production consists of Indian white prawn (Penaeus indicus) with Saudi Arabia and Iran (Islamic Republic of) being the major producers. In addition, mariculture production of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and the native sobaity seabream (Sparus hasta) has increased in recent years, with more countries in the region reporting production.

At present, the aquaculture sector still only represents 13.6percent of the overall fish production in the sub-region compared to the average 31.9 percent for global aquaculture production2. In many countries, however, there are good opportunities for marine aquaculture and, accordingly, governments have placed priority on the development of this sector. Due to population growth and local stocks coming under pressure from both changing environmental conditions and overexploitation, some countries are primarily interested in supplementing local supplies from capture fisheries. Attracted by the increasing price of fish and shrimp, others are also interested in exporting farmed products. The growing sector also provides new employment opportunities. Private investment is encouraged in some countries and many applications to set up and operate aquaculture farms are currently under review of the relevant authorities, in particular in Oman and Saudi Arabia.

2 Including fish, crustaceans and molluscs but excluding aquatic plants, of which there is no production in the RECOFI member countries.

With few exceptions, the existing legislative arrangements for marine aquaculture in the region are uncertain and inappropriate, which seriously hinders the sustainable development of the sector. There is a general need to streamline authorization processes for the establishment and operation of aquaculture farms, including specification of standard terms and conditions related to submission and reporting of information, payment, duration, suspension and renewal of authorizations, as well as other rights and obligations of authorization holders. Streamlining authorization processes also includes identification of sites suitable for marine and brackish water aquaculture and integration of the sector into resource and development planning.

There is increasing concern in the sub-region about the environmental impacts of marine and brackish water aquaculture. This includes the discharge of wastewater and the increasing use of chemicals and drugs in the industry causing pollution and contamination of the aquatic environment. Another potentially serious effect on the environment is the introduction of exotic or non-indigenous species by individual countries, which could impact the entire region. Closely related to the introduction of exotic species is the introduction and use of aquatic GMOs. Although some countries require an environmental impact assessment to be carried out as a precondition before setting up and operating major development projects, there are no specific procedures and guidelines available for the establishment and operation of aquaculture farms.

There is a need to introduce and harmonize legislation dealing with aquatic animal health certification and quarantine measures to facilitate regional trade in living aquatic animals, while minimising the risk of spreading diseases. An effective system of health certification and quarantine measures based on risk analysis will also increase protection of surrounding resources, in particular protection of the environment and native faunas from the deleterious impacts of exotic species or diseases. In addition, legislation should be developed to control the spread of infectious diseases within the countries. This includes, inter alia, provisions to regulate the movement of living aquatic animals between farms, disease reporting requirements, installation of surveillance systems, contingency planning and approval of chemicals and veterinary drugs to be used in aquaculture.

The quality and safety of aquaculture products is another area of concern. Some countries in the region have adopted specific standards, including the introduction of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system, for products intended for export to the European Union, amongst others. In other instances, however, adequate quality and safety standards and requirements related to food hygiene, labelling, additives and residues of chemicals and veterinary drugs are virtually non-existent. Additionally, there are no specific restrictions upon the kinds and amounts of feed that may be used in aquaculture. Introduction and harmonization of quality and safety standards across the region would not only increase the quality and safety of aquaculture products but also facilitate regional trade.

Effective monitoring and law enforcement is critical if aquaculture management objectives are to be achieved. To this end, the RECOFI Member countries are required to establish appropriate monitoring procedures and introduce measures to sanction infringement of relevant laws and regulations. At present, however, monitoring and enforcement is a weak link in all countries. Although in many instances this is also due to budget restraints and insufficient staff, monitoring and enforcement provisions are often inadequate and should be improved. This includes the obligation of the farmer to keep records and submit periodic monitoring reports, as well as having adequate sanctions in place, including fines and/or imprisonment, suspension or revocation of licenses, temporary or permanent closure of aquaculture facilities and payment of compensation for damage caused to the environment.

Aquaculture is traditionally affected by a variety of issues and hence regulated under a wide range of legislation that is not necessarily specific to aquaculture. Varying from country to country, aquaculture can be affected by land and water laws, environmental legislation, regulations on chemicals and veterinary drugs, animal health legislation and food safety laws, amongst others. Another complicating factor is that the applicable laws and regulations are often administered and enforced by different government departments and agencies. Despite these limitations, however, aquaculture legislation across the globe has developed some commonality in terms of approach and the required minimum elements for its sound management. Increasingly, issues such as authorization and access, planning and management and the many environmental impacts of aquaculture are dealt with in a more consistent manner and captured in a single aquaculture law or regulation.

In other parts of the world, the rapid and largely unregulated expansion of marine and brackish water aquaculture has already led to serious health, environmental and social problems. With the sector in the region still being in an early start-up phase, the development and circulation of a basic set of model aquaculture legislation will help anticipate these problems in time and provide the necessary legal basis for the implementation of aquaculture policies and the application of best management practices. The basic set of legislation will lay down the required minimum elements for sound aquaculture management, while taking into account and building on the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and other relevant international instruments. A regional approach towards strengthening the legal framework for aquaculture is particularly opportune since it will lead to harmonization of laws and regulations across the region, and thus facilitate regional trade in living aquatic animals and aquaculture products. Moreover, in the present environment of shrinking resources not all countries in the region have similar access to the international and individualized advice and consultation that is required in order to independently update their national legal frameworks.

Although there is great value to the development and circulation of a basic set of model aquaculture legislation, it will, however, still require work at the national level to tailor the model to national circumstances, especially where the aquaculture area is rife with overlaps and gaps among responsible authorities. In order to facilitate implementation of the proposed legislation at the national level, the project includes the preparation of a set of drafting guidelines or explanatory notes, recommendations towards enhancing aquaculture policy/planning and management, as well as technical assistance on issues that require a harmonized approach, including the establishment of aquatic animal health certification and quarantine inspection systems and the development of procedures for the quality and safety of aquaculture products. On conclusion of the project, the Governments will consider follow-up projects and seek further support for implementation of the proposed legislation leading to the achievement of the project objectives.

The Governments of the participating countries fully recognize the urgent need to strengthen their aquaculture legal framework to ensure that the sector develops in a sustainable manner. Through this project FAO, which is well known for having a strong record in strengthening aquaculture legal frameworks across the globe, will help addressing this urgent need and contribute to the sustainable development of aquaculture in the region, in accordance with the widely accepted FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Although the focus of the project will be on developing legislation for marine and brackish water aquaculture, coverage of inland water aquaculture issues of regional concern will not be excluded since elements of the proposed legislation will be applicable to inland aquaculture as well. By assisting the participating Governments in developing and implementing aquaculture legislation, the project will serve as a catalyst for aquaculture sector development in the region and help increase the future contribution of the sector to the economy and food security. The project will also encourage the Governments to strengthen regional cooperation and establish links with ongoing initiatives in regional organizations, such as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (ROPME) with a view to ensure synergies and establish a basis for concerted follow-up actions.

II. OBJECTIVES OF THE ASSISTANCE

The overall objective of the assistance is to strengthen the aquaculture sector of the participating countries and to increase its contribution to the economy and food security by providing a basic set of model aquaculture legislation, including drafting guidelines and other technical assistance and support for its implementation at the national level. This will enable the Governments of the participating countries to develop and manage aquaculture in a sustainable manner.

III. PROJECT OUTPUTS

The project outputs are the following:

  1. A systematic and comparative review and analysis of existing aquaculture legislation of the participating countries.

  2. A basic set of model aquaculture legislation, including, as appropriate, regulations.

  3. Drafting guidelines for implementation of the proposed legislation at the national level.

  4. Recommendations towards enhancing aquaculture policy/planning and management.

  5. Increase the capacity of the participating countries' institutions responsible for aquaculture management to develop and implement aquaculture policy and legislation.

  6. Improved awareness and better understanding by aquaculture staff and other stakeholders of aquaculture policy, management and legislation through public consultations and a regional workshop.

  7. Publication of the basic set of model aquaculture legislation and the drafting guidelines as a FAO publication for wider distribution and use.

IV. WORK PLAN

The expected time frame for project implementation is 18 months. It is essential that the project starts not before 1 January 2006 since Ramadan (i.e. the ninth month on the Islamic calendar during which Muslims fast) takes places from 4 October to 3 November 2005 and many government staff are on leave in the period thereafter. An additional advantage of this time frame is that the first mission under the project will be carried out during winter/spring 2006 and the regional workshop will take place during winter/spring 2007 when temperatures in the region are generally pleasant.

At the start of the project, the following proposed work plan will be reviewed by the Team Leader and updated as necessary:

Month 1:

Month 2:

Months 3–4:

3 Relevant documentation and information has already been collected and reviewed, and discussions with relevant stakeholders have already been held, in Bahrain, Oman and Saudi Arabia during the preparatory mission in March 2005. A separate report contains the findings and conclusions of the preparatory mission.

Months 5–6:

Months 7–10:

Months 11–14:

Months 15–16:

Months 17–18:

Description of the workshop

A one-week regional workshop will be organized by the project experts in [Country hosting the regional workshop] to discuss the legal review and the basic set of model aquaculture legislation with a view to its implementation at the national level. In addition, the workshop will provide recommendations towards enhancing aquaculture policy/planning and management as well as technical assistance on issues that require a harmonized approach, i.e. the establishment of aquatic animal health certification and quarantine inspection systems and the development of procedures for the quality and safety of aquaculture products.

The workshop will be held with up to [40] participants, including the project experts and officers from LEGN, FIRI and FIPP. The workshop will be attended by the National Coordinators and by at least [2] senior Government officials from each participating country who have specific expertise in or are responsible for aquaculture policy, management and legislation. Those officials that participate and benefit from the workshop will guarantee to disseminate the information and knowledge obtained to other government staff where relevant.

In addition, relevant NGOs, private sector or industry and other interest groups will be invited to attend the workshop. Invitations will also be sent to relevant regional organizations, including, inter alia, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (ROPME), the Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (PERSGA), the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (AOAD) and the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia and Pacific (NACA).

V. CAPACITY BUILDING

The project will strengthen the capacity of the participating countries to develop and implement aquaculture policy and legislation. The contributions of the project experts will provide an opportunity to evaluate and compare aquaculture policy, management and law approaches, in both the participating countries and other relevant countries. At the end of the project, countries will be better positioned to face the challenges created by their expanding aquaculture sectors.

VI. INPUTS TO BE PROVIDED BY FAO

  1. Personnel

    International consultants:

    FAO Advisory Technical Services (ATS):

  2. Duty travel

    Provision for official travel of consultants and FAO staff within the participating countries in connection with the project activities.

  3. General operating expenses

    General operating expenses to cover miscellaneous expenses required in the field for the operation of the project.

  4. Direct operating expenses

    Direct operating expenses to cover miscellaneous expenses at FAO Headquarters connected with the implementation of the project.

  5. Training

    One-week regional workshop in [Country hosting the regional workshop].

VII. REPORTING

The project experts and the Technical Backstopping Officers of LEGN, FIRI and FIPP will prepare mission reports in accordance with their respective terms of reference. At the end of the project, the basic set of model aquaculture legislation and the drafting guidelines will be published as a FAO publication for wider distribution and use.

VIII. GOVERNMENT CONTRIBUTION AND SUPPORTING ARRANGEMENTS

The Governments of the participating countries, through their Ministries responsible for fisheries/aquaculture, will be responsible for the project execution.

The Governments of all participating countries will:

In addition, the Governments of Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and [Country hosting the regional workshop] will:

In addition, the Government of [Country hosting the regional workshop] will:

The Governments of all participating countries will, on the conclusion of the project, take the necessary measures to ensure that the basis set of model aquaculture legislation is processed in an effective and expeditious manner with a view to its implementation at the national level. The Governments will consider preparation of an implementation programme of the legislation and seek support for implementation as appropriate.

IX. PROJECT BUDGET COVERING FAO INPUTS (in US Dollars)

The following costs are an estimation of the required budget covering FAO inputs. These costs may be lower if FAO decides to fund the TCP and use can be made of retired FAO experts in some instances.

TENTATIVE Budget
ItemUS$
TRAVEL
2-week mission of 3 experts to Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kuwait, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates.15 000
1-week mission of 5 experts and 3 FAO Backstopping Officers to the RECOFI country hosting the final workshop.17 000
FEES 
For a total of 168 days of consultancy67 200
HONORARIUM ADVISORY TECHNICAL SERVICES (ATS) 
For a total of 42 days16 500
DAILY SUBSISTANCE ALLOWANCE (DSA) 
First mission by 3 experts to the Islamic Republic of Iran (5 days), Kuwait (3 days), Qatar (3days) and the United Arab Emirates (3 days).10 500
During workshop for 5 experts and 3 FAO Backstopping Officers9 500
TRAINING 
Workshop5 000
MISCELLANEOUS 
General and direct operating expenses12 000
Publication of legislation and guidelines5 000
TOTAL157 700

Notes:         
TRAVEL-These are approximate calculations based on current travel prices. The travel cost of each consultant will depend on time of travel and departure point.
FEE-A flat fee of US$400/day has been used (7 days/week)
ATS-A standard rate of US$393/day has been used (7 days/week)
DSA-The DSA value used has been calculates as a mean of the current capital city DSA for each of the 4countries (i.e. US$203/day).
Project beneficiary countries will provide for travel + allowances of government staff (3/country) participating to the workshop. They will also provide secretarial and logistical support, etc., to the experts during the missions. The RECOFI country hosting the final workshop will provide the meeting rooms and operational equipment.

Annex 1

TERMS OF REFERENCE

LEGAL EXPERT (INTERNATIONAL LEGAL CONSULTANT/TEAM LEADER)

Under the general supervision of the Office of the Regional Representative for the Near East (FAORNE) and the technical supervision of the Chief of the Development Law Service (LEGN), and in close collaboration with the Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI) and the Fisheries Development and Planning Service (FIPP), the relevant national authorities and the other project experts, the Legal Expert will:

First mission:

Second mission:

Duration:

8 weeks (first mission of two weeks, second mission of one week and five weeks at home base).

Duty station:

Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, [Country hosting the regional workshop] and home base.

Qualifications:

Annex 2

TERMS OF REFERENCE

AQUACULTURE EXPERT

Under the general supervision of the Office of the Regional Representative for the Near East (FAORNE) and the technical supervision of the Chief of the Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI), and in close collaboration with the Development Law Service (LEGN) and the Fisheries Development and Planning Service (FIPP), the relevant national authorities and the other project experts, the Aquaculture Expert will:

First mission:

Second mission:

Duration:

6 weeks (first mission of two weeks, second mission of one week and three weeks at home base).

Duty station:

Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, [Country hosting the regional workshop] and home base.

Qualifications:

Annex 3

TERMS OF REFERENCE

AQUACULTURE POLICY EXPERT

Under the general supervision of the Office of the Regional Representative for the Near East (FAORNE) and the technical supervision of the Chief of the Fisheries Development and Planning Service (FIPP), and in close collaboration with the Development Law Service (LEGN) and the Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI), the relevant national authorities and the other project experts, the Aquaculture Policy Expert will:

First mission:

Second mission:

Duration:

6 weeks (first mission of two weeks, second mission of one week and three weeks at home base).

Duty station:

Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, [Country hosting the regional workshop] and home base.

Qualifications:

Annex 4

TERMS OF REFERENCE

EXPERT ON AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH CERTIFICATION AND QUARANTINE INSPECTION

Under the general supervision of the Office of the Regional Representative for the Near East (FAORNE) and the technical supervision of the Chief of the Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI), and in close collaboration with the Development Law Service (LEGN) and the Fisheries Development and Planning Service (FIPP), the relevant national authorities and the other project experts, the Expert on Aquatic Animal Health Certification and Quarantine Inspection will:

Duration:

2 weeks (one mission of one week and one week at home base).

Duty station:

[Country hosting the regional workshop] and home base.

Qualifications:

Annex 5

TERMS OF REFERENCE

EXPERT ON QUALITY AND SAFETY OF AQUACULTURE PRODUCTS AND HACCP PROCEDURES

Under the general supervision of the Office of the Regional Representative for the Near East (FAORNE) and the technical supervision of the Chief of the Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI), and in close collaboration with the Development Law Service (LEGN) and the Fisheries Development and Planning Service (FIPP), the relevant national authorities and the other project experts, the Expert on Quality and Safety of Aquaculture Products and HACCP Procedures will:

Duration:

2 weeks (one mission of one week and one week at home base).

Duty station:

[Country hosting the regional workshop] and home base.

Qualifications:

Annex 6

TERMS OF REFERENCE

FAO ADVISORY TECHNICAL SERVICES TECHNICAL BACKSTOPPING OFFICER (LEGN)

Under the general supervision of the Office of the Regional Representative for the Near East (FAORNE) and the technical supervision of the Chief of the Development Law Service (LEGN), and in close collaboration with the Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI) and the Fisheries Development and Planning Service (FIPP), the relevant national authorities and the project experts, the LEGN Officer will:

Duration:

2 weeks (one mission of one week and one week at FAO headquarters).

Duty station:

[Country hosting the regional workshop] and FAO headquarters.

Annex 7

TERMS OF REFERENCE

FAO ADVISORY TECHNICAL SERVICES TECHNICAL BACKSTOPPING OFFICER (FIRI)

Under the general supervision of the Office of the Regional Representative for the Near East (FAORNE) and the technical supervision of the Chief of the Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI), and in close collaboration with the Development Law Service (LEGN) and the Fisheries Development and Planning Service (FIPP), the relevant national authorities and the project experts, the FIRI Officer will:

Duration:

2 weeks (one mission of one week and one week at FAO headquarters).

Duty station:

[Country hosting the regional workshop] and FAO headquarters.

Annex 8

TERMS OF REFERENCE

FAO ADVISORY TECHNICAL SERVICES TECHNICAL BACKSTOPPING OFFICER (FIPP)

Under the general supervision of the Office of the Regional Representative for the Near East (FAORNE) and the technical supervision of the Chief of the Fisheries Development and Planning Service (FIPP), and in close collaboration with the Development Law Service (LEGN) and the Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI), the relevant national authorities and the project experts, the FIPP Officer will:

Duration:

2 weeks (one mission of one week and one week at FAO headquarters).

Duty station:

[Country hosting the regional workshop] and FAO headquarters.

Annex 9

TERMS OF REFERENCE

NATIONAL PROJECT COORDINATORS

One coordinator for the project will be designated in each country for the whole duration of the project and at no cost for the project and will be under the operational responsibility of the Office of the Regional Representative for the Near East (FAORNE) to facilitate project implementation and ensure effective liaison and cooperation between the Government and the project team. He/she will:

Duty station: [Country hosting the regional workshop] and home country.

APPENDIX I
Key elements to be included in the Technical Guidelines on Responsible Use and Control of Alien Species

The following elements, drafted at an FAO co-sponsored workshop4 and further endorsed at the Thirteenth Session of Committee on Inland Fisheries of Africa (CIFA), were thought to be of major importance and should be included in the Technical Guidelineson Responsible Use and Control of Alien Species.

4 FAO/NACA/MRC/UC SeaGrant/AIT/IUCN workshop International Mechanisms for the Control and Responsible Use of Alien Species in Aquatic Ecosystems, held 27–30 August 2003, in Xishuangbanna, People's Republic of China.

• Preamble-This section will describe relevant decisions on aliens' species major international conventions and organizations, e.g. the CBD and CCRF.

• Summary of agreements and other guidelines/codes of practice on alien species - This section will briefly review the various international agreements with a complete listing in the Annex.

• Description of an ICES-like code adapted to developing country conditions-This section will describe the key elements of the ICES code with the addition of new elements appropriate for developing countries.

• Summary of risks and benefits on using alien species in fisheries-This section will describe the dangers and advantages in ecological and social/economic terms.

• Risk assessment procedures including social and economic risks as well as environmental and ecological risks-This section will summarize risk assessment procedures.

• Decision trees-This section will describe how to make informed decisions based on the above ICES codes.

• The development of a set of criteria in order to establish a list of alien species of special concern in the region that could further promote awareness and responsible use-This section will describe what biological characters of a species and what environmental characteristics of a habitat are important in establishing lists of species that should not be imported, could be imported under special circumstances, or that could be imported with no risk.

• Recommendations for national implementation-This section will describe what national actions are needed for responsible use and control.

• Regional coordination-This section will describe various modes and suggestions for coordinated regional action, for an example, but one that will not be in the final guidelines see Annex 3, Memorandum of Cooperation on Alien Species the CIFA Sub-Committee on Lake Tanganyika.

• Recommendations for zoning areas where introductions can or can not be made - This section will describe how geographic areas may be zoned for use by aquaculture and alien species based on a variety of criteria. This will be similar to World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) zoning based on disease status.

• Special procedures for ongoing practices, i.e. the continued use of alien species - This section will describe procedures for the continued use of alien species in areas where they are already present, e.g. stocking programmes, ornamental fish, or aquaculture.

• Monitoring, fish health, and reporting - This section will complement the one above and describe how and what to monitor and report, and the quarantine, diagnostic and treatment procedures necessary.

• Annexes - This section will contain details on many of the general sections in the main body of the Guidelines. For example: List of international instruments, ICES Codes, Opinionnaire.

APPENDIX J
RECOFI logo proposal

LOGO A and B


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