Non-Wood News 13

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Download complete document (Pdf )

SPECIAL FEATURES

Economic value of nwfps

    • Forestry products gain market in Brazil
    • NTFPs in the Russian Far East: challenges and opportunities
    • Selling forest products to improve livelihoods in the Gambia
    • Mushrooms: cash crops from the forest floor
    • Nepal’s lokta resources and handmade paper
    • Growth of the bamboo sector in China
    • Cuban pine resin in the international market
    • NWFP cooperatives and the Siberian Pine Syrup Project
    • Moss is a cash crop for mountain people in the United States of America
    • Economic benefits of conserving the rain forest
    • La valeur monétaire de la forêt suisse en tant qu’espace de détente
    Mondia whitei, a socio-economically important plant

Trade in nwfps

    • International trade in NWFPs
    • Trade data on NTFPs in India
    • Trade measures – tools to promote the sustainable use of NWFPs?
    • PhytoTrade Africa: adding life to trade
    • Aggressive strategy for MFP exports planned
    • Exports of Korean ginseng
    • High sales boost plant extract drug company

NEWS AND NOTES

Alaska paper birch tree woods holds potential for new drugs
Arsenic-eating ferns hold hope for tainted soils
Bark paintings
Biopiracy, bioprospecting and traditional knowledge

    • Traditional knowledge: a legal and market conundrum
    • India’s digital library will stop biopiracy
    • African women against biopiracy
    • Curbing biopiracy
    • Moves to protect devil’s claw (Harpagophytum procumbens)
    • Amazon countries team up to tackle biopiracy
    • Patenting of Peruvian plants
    • Andean nations seek United States patent protection for native medicines
    • Is Brazil beating biopiracy or biodiversity research?
    • Bioprospecting programme in Malaysia
    • Bioprospecting in the Pacific region: who will benefit?

Bird flu is also a forest problem
Boreal forest garden
Boswellia serrata: a tree of possibilities
Bushmen’s quiver tree threatened by climate change
Challenges in the congo basin
Cpf sourcebook for funding in forestry
Does bacopa monnieri improve cognitive function in older australians?
Domestication

    • Population preferences for local fruit-tree species: implications for the domestication of Dacryodes edulis and Irvingia gabonensis in Cameroon
    • Sustaining forest resources

El camu camu logra certificación orgánica
Ethnoforestry paradigms
Forest cosmetics and fragrances

    • Sourcing Brazilian rain forest ingredients for cosmetics
    • Shellac may combat skin disorders
    • Forest berries find their way to cosmetics
    Aniba rosaeodora: a quest to save a tree
    • Sandalwood fragrance

Incense

    • Borneol
    • Spikenard
    • Star anise

Les sources de la fertilité et de la durabilité
Manejo de semillas forestales nativas de la sierra ecuatoriana y norte del perú
Myrica gale
Non-profit organizations and ngos

    • Biodiversity Research and Development Centre (BIRD)
    • Pragya, India
    • Tree Aid
    • United Plant Savers

Non-timber forest resource enterprises: fatty oils for edible and non-edible purposes
Nwfp fabrics

    • Bamboo charcoal textile products
    • Bamboo T-shirts
    • Modi: ethnic and exquisite
    • United Nations recognizes bark cloth as world heritage
    • Fabrics with a healing touch

Nwfp fuels

    • Bamboo-fuelled power plants in India
    Ipomoea fistulosa – the crisis fuel of wetlands
    • Mushrooms as fuel?

Poison frog production and export
Trees for health forever
Twigs and young trees are falling prey to human hygiene
Vasaka (adhatoda vasica nees)
“Wildlife interpol”

PRODUCTS AND MARKETS

Bamboo

    • Bamboo attracts global audience
    • Bamboo flavone for prostate patent approved
    • Bamboo solution to lake pollution
    • Bamboo houses

Chestnuts

    • Just as sweet as a chestnut
    • Scientists trying to resurrect American chestnut trees

Cork

    • Wine company abandons cork stoppers
    • Alcan seeks to turn tables on cork diehards
    • Conserving cork forests in the Mediterranean

Edible insects

    • Creature-eating source of income and nutritious food
    • Insectes comestibles au Sud-Bénin
    • Edible insects on sale in the United Kingdom

Ginseng

    • Ginseng guidelines
    • Root of the matter in the Republic of Korea
    • Ginseng export restrictions toughened in the United States

Honey

    • Honey used as an antibiotic
    • Honey’s healing qualities stump scientists
    • Honey production in Malaysia
    • Honey exports from Nepal to the European Union likely to resume
    • Brazilian honey has flavours and colours for all tastes

Medicinal and aromatic plants

    Artemesia annua shows “potential” in preventing breast cancer
    Artemisia annua fights malaria
    • Fighting malaria with traditional medicinal plants
    Boswellia ovalifoliolata (Bal. et Henry)
    Mappia foetida
    Stephania brachyandra shows capability to treat melanoma
    Stevia rebaudiana to cure diabetes

Moringa oleifera

    • The ultimate multipurpose tree
    • Moringa tree production gets US$60 million boost
    • Farmers’ drumstick beats drought
    • Zimbabweans living with HIV/AIDS turn to herbal medicines

Rattan

    • Silvicultural and sustainable management of rattan production systems

Sea buckthorn (hippophae rhamnoides)

    • Breakthrough in the fight against acne and eczema
    • Tribes in India to grow wonder plant
    • Ladakh berry beverage

Shea butter (vitellaria paradoxa)

    • L’arbre à karité (Vitellaria paradoxa)
    • Shea butter becoming popular in Europe

Shellac

    • Lac cultivation in Viet Nam
    • Growing lac insects for resin in an agroforestry system in Indonesia

Truffles

    • White magic
    • Secretive truffle growers in New Zealand
    • Hidden delicacy in Oregon’s forests

COUNTRY COMPASS

Angola
Australia
Bhutan
Brazil
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Chile
China
Cuba
Czech republic
Democratic republic of the congo
Ecuador
Fiji
Ghana
India
Indonesia
Islamic republic of iran
Kenya
Liberia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Papua new guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Russian federation
Uganda
United republic of tanzania
United states of america
Viet Nam

ECONOOK

Traditional medicines could help african environment
Conservation of the central albertine rift
Transfrontier conservation areas
Baltic forest
Twenty percent of the world’s mangroves lost over the last 25 years
Asian nations to build biodiversity conservation corridors
European union to give e30 million for biodiversity conservation in china

INTERNATIONAL ACTION

FAO
South and east asian countries ntfp network (SEANN)

RECENT EVENTS

FORTHCOMING EVENTS

PUBLICATIONS OF INTEREST

WEB SITES

READER'S RESPONSE

Non-Wood News 13

AN INFORMATION BULLETIN ON NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS

April 2006


EDITORIAL

Forest-dependent communities have always recognized the importance of NWFPs in their everyday lives – whether as food, shelter or medicine. Over time, recognition of the importance of NWFPs in poverty alleviation and knowledge of the multiplicity of uses and benefits deriving from NWFPs have grown steadily and many NWFPs are now traded at all levels: locally, regionally, nationally and globally (although figures on this trade are often unorganized, missing or incomplete, e.g. on bushmeat).

The Special Features section in this issue of Non-Wood News emphasizes the economic importance of NWFPs and provides information on economic benefits at the local level (see the Siberian Pine Syrup Project pp. 5–6) through to the global level (see trade figures on pp. 8–9).

Traditional knowledge is a significant aspect of NWFPs, touching as it does on issues of benefit-sharing, bioprospecting and biopiracy, all of which have been covered extensively in this issue (see p. 15). Information on NGOs working with NWFPs has also been included, but we would like to hear more about NGO activity at both the grassroots and international level so please continue to send us your contributions.

Coverage of products in this issue ranges from the versatility of bamboo (used equally successfully to build houses or produce T-shirts) to the extensive use of medicinal plants worldwide. There is information on products from both tropical and temperate forests, as well as from the vast boreal areas. NWFPs exist in all regions of the world and consequently the Country Compass section is particularly rich, with information from 34 countries.

Information dissemination and networking are key aspects of today’s knowledge society – both of which have always been important aims of Non-Wood News. In 2005 we carried out an auto-evaluation exercise in order to improve our service and to give you an opportunity to make suggestions and comments. Over 600 readers completed our questionnaire (see pp. 69–70 for full results) and we were delighted that so many of you took the time to share your ideas. Thank you for such an excellent response.

This issue has started to reflect some of your suggestions and to address your comments – the most important of which regarded frequency: a vast majority wanted Non-Wood News to be issued at least twice a year (with many keen to see it as a quarterly newsletter). Accordingly, we will now be bringing you two issues yearly, which we ultimately hope will lead to a shorter and more streamlined product.

In conclusion, while many of us are not part of forest-dependent communities, we are definitely part of a wider global NWFP community. Our aim with Non-Wood News is to continue to disseminate knowledge on NWFP activities from all societal levels around the world in order to raise the profile of NWFPs and emphasize their importance – economically, ecologically and socially.

 

NON-WOOD NEWS

NON-WOOD NEWS is compiled by Tina Etherington, Forest Products Service of the FAO Forest Products and Economics Division. Assistance for this issue was provided by Marisalee Palermo; design, graphics and desktop publishing were coordinated by Tina Etherington.

Non-Wood News is open to contributions by readers. Contributions may be edited to fit the appropriate size and focus of the bulletin.
If you have any material that could be included in the next issue of Non-Wood News for the benefit of other readers, kindly send it, before 30 September 2006, to:

NON-WOOD NEWS – FOPP
FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome, Italy
E-mail: non-wood-news@fao.org
www.fao.org/forestry/nwfp/nonwood.htm
FAO home page: www.fao.org


All Internet links cited were checked on 16 February 2006. Articles express the views of their authors, not necessarily those of FAO. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

 

 

Non-wood forest products (NWFP) are goods of biological origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests. Non-timber forest products (NTFP), another term frequently used to cover this vast array of animal and plant products, also includes small wood and fuelwood. However, these two terms are used synonymously throughout this bulletin. Other terms, such as “minor”, “secondary” or “speciality” forest products, are sometimes used to keep original names and/or titles.