World agriculture: towards 2030/2050

World agriculture: towards 2030/2050

Interim report

Prospects for food, nutrition,
agriculture and major commodity groups

Global Perspective Studies Unit
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome,

June 2006

Table of Contents

The report can be downloaded as one single file

This interim report presents an update, revision and extension to 2050 of Chapters 2 and 3 of the FAO Study World agriculture: towards 2015/2030, an FAO Perspective, published in 2003 (Bruinsma, 2003). It is mainly meant to disseminate interim results and to solicit comments, as an intermediate step in the preparation of a more complete report.

Comments can be send to:

Chief, Global Perspective Studies Unit
Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome/Italy

Further information on the work of the Unit can be found on the following website:

Acknowledgement: This report was prepared by Nikos Alexandratos in collaboration with Jelle Bruinsma, Gerold Bödeker, Josef Schmidhuber, Sumiter Broca, Prakash Shetty and Maria Grazia Ottaviani.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

In the presentation of statistical material, countries are, where appropriate, aggregated in the following main economic groupings: Developed countries (including the developed market economies or ‘Industrial countries’ and the Transition countries) and Developing countries. The designation developed and developing economies is intended for statistical convenience and does not necessarily express a judgement about the stage of development reached by a particular country.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to

© FAO 2006


Chapter 1 Overviewpdf

1.1 Why the new outlook to 2050
1.2 Main findings
1.3 Conclusions

Chapter 2 Prospects for food and nutritionpdf

2.1 The broad picture: historical developments and present situation
2.2 The outlook for food and nutrition to 2015, 2030 and 2050
2.3 Structural changes in the commodity composition of food consumption
2.4 Concluding remarks

Chapter 3 Prospects for agriculture and major commodity groupspdf

3.1 Aggregate agriculture: historical trends and prospects
3.2 Cereals
3.3 Livestock commodities
3.4 Oilcrops, vegetable oils and products
3.5 Roots, tubers and plantains
3.6 Sugar
3.7 Concluding remarks

Appendix: Countries and commoditiespdf