FAO species catalogue. Vol.7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. Part 1. Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae

FAO SPECIES CATALOGUE

Vol.7. Clupeoid fishes of the world
(Suborder Clupeoidei)

An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings.

Part 1. Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae


prepared by
Peter J.P. Whitehead
British Museum (Natural History)
Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 1985

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-102340-9

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 1985

ABSTRACT

This is the seventh in the FAO series of worldwide illustrated catalogues (synopses) of major groups of organisms that enter marine fisheries. The present catalogue includes all clupeoid fishes (suborder CLUPEOIDEI - herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings), comprising 4 families, 80 genera and over 300 species, contributing to more than a quarter of the world fish catch. Keys are given to the families, subfamilies and genera, with a glossary of technical terms and measurements, and a review of major literature sources within each FAO fishing area. Genera and species are diagnosed, with drawings, scientific and vernacular names, information on habitat, biology, fisheries, and distribution (with map); reference is also made to subspecies and to any taxonomic or other problems. The occurrence of the species within the FAO fishing areas is tabulated. All scientific names applied to clupeoid species are given in the synonymies, and these as well as the vernacular names are indexed; there is also a complete bibliography of al1 literature cited.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


FAO Fisheries Synopsis No.125, Volume 7, Part 1pdf

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT
ABSTRACT

CONTENTSpdf

INTRODUCTION pdf

Clupeoids in World Fisheries
Clupeoid catches
Fishing gear
Utilization of clupeoids

Plan of the Catalogue
Problems of Identification
Technical Terms, Measurements and Counts
Literature
Acronyms

ORDER CLUPEIFORMES SUBORDER CLUPEOIDEIpdf

CHIROCENTRIDAE
Chirocentrus
Chirocentrus dorab
Chirocentrus nudus
CLUPEIDAE
Subfamily Dussumieriinae
Dussumieria
Dussumieria acuta
Dussumieria elopsoides
Etrumeus
Etrumeus teres
Etrumeus whiteheadi
Spratelloides
Spratelloides delicatulus
Spratelloides gracilis
Spratelloides lewisi
Spratelloides robustus
Jenkinsia
Jenkinsia lamprotaenia
Jenkinsia majua
Jenkinsia parvula
Jenkinsia stolifera
Subfamily Clupeinae
Sprattus
Sprattus antipodum
Sprattus fuegensis
Sprattus muelleri
Sprattus novaehollandiae
Sprattus sprattus
Clupeonella
Clupeonella abrau
Clupeonella cultriventris
Clupeonella engrauliformis
Clupeonella grimmi
Sardina
Sardina pilchardus
Sardinops
Sardinops caeruleus
Sardinops melanostictus
Sardinops neopilchardus
Sardinops ocellatus
Sardinops sagax
Harengula
Harengula clupeola
Harengula humeralis
Harengula jaguana
Harengula thrissina
Opisthonema
Opisthonema berlangai
Opisthonema bulleri
Opisthonema libertate
Opisthonema medirastre
Opisthonema oglinum
Herklotsichthys
Herklotsichthys blackburni
Herklotsichthys castelnaui
Herklotsichthys dispilonotus
Herklotsichthys gotoi
Herklotsichthys koningsbergeri
Herklotsichthys lossei

Herklotsichthys punctatus
Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus
Herklotsichthys spilurus
Herklotsichthys
Species A
Herklotsichthys Species B
Herklotsichthys Species C
Amblygaster
Amblygaster clupeoides
Amblygaster leiogaster
Amblygaster sirm
Sardinella
Sardinella albella
Sardinella atricauda
Sardinella aurita
Sardinella brachysoma
Sardinella brasiliensis
Sardinella fijiense

Sardinella fimbriata
Sardinella gibbosa
Sardinella hualiensis
Sardinella jussieui
Sardinella lemuru
Sardinella longiceps

Sardinella maderensis
Sardinella marquesensis
Sardinella melanura
Sardinella neglecta
Sardinella richardsoni
Sardinella rouxi
Sardinella sindensis
Sardinella tawilis
Sardinella zunasi
Clupea
Clupea harengus
Clupea pallasii
Escualosa
Escualosa elongata
Escualosa thoracata
Platanichthys
Platanichthys platana
Ramnogaster
Ramnogaster arcuata
Ramnogaster melanostoma
Rhinosardinia
Rhinosardinia amazonica
Rhinosardinia bahiensis
Lile
Lile piquitinga
Lile stolifera
Strangomera
Strangomera bentincki
Subfamily Pellonulinae
Cynothrissa
Cynothrissa ansorgii
Cynothrissa mento
Cynothrissa Species
Odaxothrissa
Odaxothrissa losera
Odaxothrissa vittata
Pellonula
Pellonula leonensis
Pellonula vorax
Nannothrissa
Nannothrissa parva
Nannothrissa stewarti
Poecilothrissa
Poecilothrissa centralis
Poecilothrissa congica
Poecilothrissa moeruensis
Microthrissa
Microthrissa minuta
Microthrissa royauxi
Microthrissa
Species A
Potamothrissa
Potamothrissa acutirostris
Potamothrissa obtusirostris
Potamothrissa whiteheadi
Stolothrissa
Stolothrissa tanganicae
Limnothrissa
Limnothrissa miodon
Limnothrissa stappersii
Sierrathrissa
Sierrathrissa leonensis
Thrattidion
Thrattidion noctivagus
Laeviscutella
Laeviscutella dekimpei
Congothrissa
Congothrissa gossei
Gilchristella
Gilchristella aestuarius
Sauvagella
Sauvagella madagascariensis
Spratellomorpha
Spratellomorpha bianalis
Ehirava
Ehirava fluviatilis
Dayella
Dayella malabarica
Clupeoides
Clupeoides borneensis
Clupeoides hypselosoma
Clupeoides papuensis
Clupeoides venulosus
Corica
Corica laciniata
Corica soborna
Clupeichthys
Clupeichthys aesarnensis
Clupeichthys bleekeri
Clupeichthys goniognathus
Clupeichthys perakensis
Potamalosa
Potamalosa richmondia
Hyperlophus
Hyperlophus translucidus
Hyperlophus vittatus
Subfamily Alosinae
Alosa
Alosa aestivalis
Alosa alabamae
Alosa alosa
Alosa brashnikovi
Alosa caspia
Alosa chrysochloris
Alosa fallax

Alosa kessleri
Alosa maeotica
Alosa mediocris
Alosa pontica
Alosa pseudoharengus
Alosa sapidissima
Alosa saposhnikovi
Alosa sphaerocephala
Brevoortia
Brevoortia aurea
Brevoortia gunteri
Brevoortia patronus
Brevoortia pectinata
Brevoortia smithi
Brevoortia tyrannus
Ethmidium
Ethmidium maculatum
Ethmalosa
Ethmalosa fimbriata
Hilsa
Hilsa kelee
Tenualosa
Tenualosa ilisha
Tenualosa macrura
Tenualosa reevesii
Tenualosa thibaudeaui
Tenualosa toli
Gudusia
Gudusia chapra
Gudusia variegata
Subfamily Dorosomatinae
Dorosoma
Dorosoma anale
Dorosoma cepedianum
Dorosoma chavesi
Dorosoma pretenense
Dorosoma smithi
Clupanodon
Clupanodon thrissa
Konosirus
Konosirus punctatus
Nematalosa
Nematalosa arabica
Nematalosa come
Nematalosa erebi
Nematalosa flyensis
Nematalosa galatheae
Nematalosa japonica
Nematalosa nasus
Nematalosa papuensi
Nematalosa vlaminghi
Anodontostoma
Anodontostoma chacunda
Anodontostoma selangkat
Anodontostoma thailandiae
Gonialosa
Gonialosa manmina
Gonialosa modesta
Gonialosa whiteheadi
PRISTIGASTERIDAE
Ilisha
Ilisha africana
Ilisha amazonica
Ilisha elongata
Ilisha filigera
Ilisha furthii
Ilisha kampeni

Ilisha macrogaster
Ilisha megaloptera
Ilisha melastoma
Ilisha novacula
Ilisha obfuscata
Ilisha pristigastroides
Ilisha sirishai
Ilisha striatula
Pellona
Pellona castelnaeana
Pellona dayi
Pellona ditchela
Pellona flavipinnis
Pellona harroweri
Pliosteostoma
Pliosteostoma lutipinnis
Chirocentrodon
Chirocentrodon bleekerianus
Neoopisthopterus
Neoopisthopterus cubanus
Neoopisthopterus tropicus
Opisthopterus
Opisthopterus dovii
Opisthopterus effulgens
Opisthopterus equitorialis
Opisthopterus macrops
Opisthopterus tardoore
Opisthopterus valenciennesi
Odontognathus
Odontognathus compressus
Odontognathus mucronatus
Odontognathus panamensis
Pristigaster
Pristigaster cayana
Raconda
Raconda russeliana