FAO species catalogue. Vol.4. Sharks of the world

FAO SPECIES CATALOGUE

Vol.4. Sharks of the world

An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date

Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes


prepared by
Leonard J.V. Compagno
Tiburon Center for Environmental Studies
San Francisco State University
Tiburon, California 94920, USA


FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 1984

Table of Contents


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-101384-5

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by email to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 1984

ABSTRACT

This is the fourth in the FAO series of worldwide annotated and illustrated catalogues of major groups of organisms that enter marine fisheries. The present volume includes 342 shark.species belonging to 8 orders and 31 families. It provides a comprehensive and illustrated key to all orders and families of sharks, with a glossary of technical terms and measurements. Within each family are given individual accounts of species, which include drawings, scientific and vernacular names, information on habitat, biology and fisheries, and a distribution map; for most families there is also a key to genera. The work is fully indexed and there is ample reference to pertinent literature.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


FAO Fisheries Synopsis No.125, Volume 4, Part 1pdf

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT
CONTENT

INTRODUCTIONpdf

Plan of the Catalogue
Technical Terms and Measurements

HEXANCHIFORMES - FRILLED AND COW SHARKSpdf

CHLAMYDOSELACHIDAE - Frilled sharks
Chlamydoselachus
Chlamydoselachus anguineus
HEXANCHIDAE - Cowsharks, Sixgill sharks, Sevengill sharks
Heptranchias
Heptranchias perlo
Hexanchus
Hexanchus griseus
Hexanchus vitulus
Notorynchus
Notorynchus cepedianus

SQUALIFORMES - DOGFISH SHARKSpdf

ECHINORHINIDAE -Bramble sharks
Echinorhinus
Echinorhinus brucus
Echinorhinus cookei
SQUALIDAE - Dogfish sharks
Aculeola
Aculeola nigra
Centrophorus
Centrophorus acus
Centrophorus granulosus
Centrophorus harissoni
Centrophorus lusitanicus

Centrophorus moluccensis
Centrophorus niaukang
Centrophorus squamosus
Centrophorus tesselatus
Centrophorus uyato
Centroscyllium
Centroscyllium fabricii
Centroscyllium granulatum
Centroscyllium kamoharai
Centroscyllium nigrum
Centroscyllium ornatum
Centroscyllium ritteri
Centroscymnus
Centroscymnus coelclepis
Centroscymnus crepidater
Centroscymnus cryptacanthus

Centroscymnus macracanthus
Centroscymnus owstoni
Centroscymnus plunketi
Cirrhigaleus
Cirrhigaleus barbifer
Dalatias
Dalatias licha
Deania
Deania calcea
Deania histricosa
Deania profundorum
Deania quadrispinosum
Etmopterus
Etmopterus baxteri
Etmopterus brachyurus
Etmopterus bullisi

Etmopterus decacuspidatus
Etmopterus gracilispinis
Etmopterus granulosus
Etmopterus hillianus
Etmopterus lucifer

Etmopterus polli
Etmopterus princeps
Etmopterus pusillus
Etmopterus schultzi

Etmopterus sentosus
Etmopterus spinax
Etmopterus unicolor
Etmopterus villosus
Etmopterus virens
Euprotomicroides
Euprotomicroides zantedeschia
Euprotomicrus
Euprotomicrus bispinatus
Heteroscymnoides
Heteroscymnoides marleyi
Isistius
Isistius brasiliensis
Isistius plutodus
Scymnodalatias
Scymnodalatias sherwoodi
Scymnodon
Scymnodon obscurus
Scymnodon ringens
Scymnodon squamulosus
Somniosus
Somniosus microcephalus
Somniosus pacificus
Somniosus rostratus
Squaliolus
Squaliolus laticaudus
Squalus
Squalus acanthias
Squalus asper
Squalus blainvillei

Squalus cubensis
Squalus japonicus
Squalus megalops
Squalus melanurus
Squalus mitsukurii
Squalus rancureli
OXYNOTIDAE - Rough sharks
Oxynotus
Oxynotus bruniensis
Oxynotus caribbaeus
Oxynotus centrina
Oxynotus paradoxus

PRISTIOPHORIFOMES - SAW SHARKSpdf

PRISTIOPHORIDAE - Saw sharks
Pliotrema
Pliotrema warreni
Pristiophorus
Pristiophorus cirratus
Pristiophorus japonicus
Pristiophorus nudipinnis
Pristiophorus schroederi

SQUATINIFORMES - ANGELSHARKSpdf

SQUATINIDAE - Angelsharks, Sand devils
Squatina
Squatina aculeata
Squatina africana
Squatina argentina
Squatina australis
Squatina californica
Squatina dumeril

Squatina formosa
Squatina japonica
Squatina nebulosa
Squatina oculata
Squatina squatina
Squatina tergocellata
Squatina tergocellatoides

HETERODONTIFORMES - BULLHEAD SHARKSpdf

HETERODONTIDAE - Bullhead sharks, Horn sharks
Heterodontus
Heterodontus francisci
Heterodontus galeatus
Heterodontus japonicus
Heterodontus mexicanus
Heterodontus portusjacksoni
Heterodontus quoyi
Heterodontus ramalheira
Heterodontus zebra

ORECTOLOBIFORMES - CARPET SHARKSpdf

PARASCYLLIDAE - Collared carpet sharks
Cirroscyllium
Cirroscyllium expolitum
Cirroscyllium formosanum
Cirroscyllium japonicum
Parascyllium
Parascyllium collare
Parascyllium ferrugineum
Parascyllium multimaculatum
Parascyllium variolatum
BRACHAELURIDAE - Blind sharks
Brachaelurus
Brachaelurus waddi
Heteroscyllium
Heteroscyllium colcloughi
ORECTOLOBIDAE - Wobbegons
Eucrossorhinus
Eucrossorhinus dasypogon
Orectolobus
Orectolobus japonicus
Orectolobus maculatus
Orectolobus ornatus
Orectolobus wardi
Sutorectus
Sutorectus tentaculatus
HEMISCYLLIIDAE - Bamboo sharks
Chiloscyllium
Chiloscyllium arabicum
Chiloscyllium caerulopunctatum
Chiloscyllium griseum
Chiloscyllium indicum
Chiloscyllium plagiosum
Chiloscyllium punctatum
Hemiscyilium
Hemiscyilium freycineti
Hemiscyilium hallstrorni
Hemiscyilium ocellatum
Hemiscyilium strahani
Hemiscyilium trispeculare
STEGOSTOMATIDAE - Zebra sharks
Stegostoma
Stegostoma fasciatum
GINGLYMOSTOMATIDAE - Nurse sharks
Ginglymostoma
Ginglymostoma brevicaudatum
Ginglymostoma cirratum
Nebrius
Nebrius ferrugineus
RHINIODONTIDAE - Whale sharks
Rhiniodon
Rhiniodon typus

LAMNIFORMES - MACKEREL SHARKSpdf

ODONTASPIDIDAE - Sand tiger sharks
Eugomphodus
Eugomphodus taurus
Eugomphodus tricuspidatus
Odontaspis
Odontaspis ferox
Odontaspis noronhai
MITSUKURINIDAE - Goblin sharks
Mitsukurina
Mitsukurina owstoni
PSEUDOCARCHARIIDAE - Crocodile sharks
Pseudocarcharias
Pseudocarcharias kamoharai
MEGACHASMIDAE - Megamouth sharks
Megachasma
Megachasma pelagios
ALOPIIDAE - Thresher sharks
Alopias
Alopias pelagicus
Alopias superciliosus
Alopias vulpinus
CETORHINIDAE - Basking sharks
Cetorhinus
Cetorhinus Maximus
LAMNIDAE - Mackerel sharks, Porbeagles, White sharks
Carcharodon
Carcharodon carcharias
Isurus
Isurus oxyrinchus
Isurus paucus
Lamna
Lamna ditropis
Lamna nasus