Rapid growth of selected Asian economies. Lessons and implications for agriculture and food security: Synthesis report

RAP PUBLICATION 2006/04


Rapid growth of selected Asian economies.
Lessons and implications for agriculture and food security:

Synthesis report

 

REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Bangkok, 2006


The designation and presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for sale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Meetings and Publications Officer, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand or by e-mail to RAP-Publications@fao.org.

© FAO 2006

ISBN 92-5-105507-6
ISSN 1819-4591

For copies write to:
Purushottam K. Mudbhary
Senior Policy Officer
Policy Assistance Branch
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200
THAILAND
Tel: (+66) 2 697 4236
Fax: (+66) 2 697 4445 E-mail: Purushottam.Mudbhary@fao.org

Contents

Foreword

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations and acronyms

1. Introduction

1.1 The context

1.2 Organization of this report

2. The phenomenal growth of China and India

2.1 China — achievements

2.1.1 Overall economic growth

2.1.2 Growth in agricultural production and productivity

2.1.3 Poverty reduction

2.1.4 Food security

2.2 India — achievements

2.2.1 Overall economic growth

2.2.2 Growth in agricultural production and productivity

2.2.3 Poverty reduction

2.2.4 Food security

2.3 Future scenarios for China and India and their implications

2.3.1 Prospects for growth and domestic implications

2.3.2 Implications for Asia and the greater Pacific region

2.4 Challenges and implications for domestic policy reform

2.4.1 Food security and poverty

2.4.2 The widening income gap

2.4.3 Environmental issues

2.4.4 The restructuring of agriculture

2.4.5 Maintaining competitive agriculture

2.5 Lessons learned

3. Other rapidly growing Asian economies — Republic of Korea, Thailand and Viet Nam

3.1 Republic of Korea

3.1.1 Achievements

3.1.2 Challenges

3.1.3 Lessons learned

3.2 Thailand

3.2.1 Achievements

3.2.2 Challenges

3.2.3 Lessons learned

3.3 Viet Nam

3.3.1 Achievements

3.3.2 Challenges

3.3.3 Lessons learned

4. Lessons from the five countries

4.1 Role of agriculture in economic growth

4.2 Poverty, food security and income inequality

4.3 Restructuring of agriculture

4.4 The role of policy

4.5 Role of the government

Appendices

1. Review meeting on China, India and selected Asian economies: implications of rapid economic growth for agriculture and food security in Asia and Pacific Rim countries, Bangkok Thailand, 6-10 June 2005 — List of participants

2. Policy workshop on China, India and selected Asian economies: implications of rapid economic growth for agriculture and food security in Asia and Pacific Rim countries, Seoul, Korea, 7-9 December 2005 — List of participants

Bibliography

Table

1. Net export share of world exports in 2020, China and India (percent)

Figure

1. Conceptualizing agriculture's transformation in Asia

This pre-publication version of the synthesis report is being circulated as a working document at the FAO 28th Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific held in Jakarta, Indonesia, from 15 to 19 May 2006, for review by experts, senior government officials and other relevant stakeholders. The final version, incorporating comments and suggestions from interested readers, will be published in due course.

Please send any inputs, before 11 June 2006 to Mr Purushottam Mudbhary, Senior Policy Officer, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand; telephone: (+66) 2 697 4236; fax: (+66) 2 697 4445; e-mail: Purushottam.Mudbhary@fao.org.