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Specific issues
(APHCA 2005/06)


FAO/OIE/JICA regional workshop on classical swine fever control in
Asia (in collaboration with the Bureau of Animal Industry, Philippines)
22-24 June 2005, Manila, Philippines
Presented by Carolyn Benigno (Animal Health Officer, FAO/RAP)

Slide 1

FAO/OIE/JICA Regional Workshop on
Classical Swine Fever Control in Asia
(in collaboration with the Bureau of Animal Industry, Philippines)

22-24 June 2005
Manila, Philippines

Slide 2

Background

  • CSF identified as one of the priority diseases under GF-TAD of SEA, July, 2003

  • Regional Workshop on Control of CSF in SEA with reference to CSF Diagnosis, Surveillance and Vaccine, 25-26 September 2003, Hanoi, Vietnam

  • Philippines offered to host the Regional Workshop on CSF Control in Asia, 22-24 June 2005

    - Collaboration among FAO, OIE and JICA

Slide 3

Regional Workshop on CSF Control in Asia

  • FAO, OIE, JICA, Philippines Bureau of Animal Industry

  • 19 Participants from:

    - South Asia: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka

    - Southeast Asia: Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea

    - East Asia: Korea, China

  • Resource persons from: UK, Japan, OIE, JICA, FAO

Slide 4

Objectives

  • To provide an opportunity to exchange information on current CSF status and control programs of respective countries

  • To develop coordinated CSF control activities on a regional basis.

Slide 5

Workshop Topics

  • Overview of CSF and Recent Developments in CSF Control and Vaccination

  • GF-TAD

  • CSF Activities in SEA

  • Country Presentations

  • Workshop Proper on three topics:

    - Areas for joint collaboration amongst countries and international organizations
    - Specific needs for each country with regards to CSF diagnosis and control
    - Conditions/Requirements of a sub-regional CSF laboratory network and center

Slide 6

Production System Profiles

Slide 7

Profile on Diagnostic Capacity (Activity)

Slide 8

CSF Control Issues

  • No defined CSF Control Policy/Animal Health Policy
  • Understanding of CSF Control
  • Case definition of CSF outbreak
  • Reporting of CSF outbreaks
  • Use of Vaccines
  • Vaccination strategy
  • Diagnostic Capacity

Slide 9

Recommendations

  • Areas for joint collaboration amongst countries and international organizations:

    - Work for the establishment of a CSF surveillance network that would include harmonizing procedures on field surveillance, diagnosis, disease reporting, animal movement management and public awareness and education.

    - Conduct regional activities (with assistance from FAO, OIE, JICA and other international organizations) that would strengthen capacity of countries on CSF epidemiology and diagnosis. Wherever possible, these activities will be integrated with on-going activities with respect to FMD control/eradication programs.

    - Conduct specific research studies on CSF epidemiology, control and diagnosis, in coordination with other research agencies (international and national). Result of such research will be made public.

Slide 10

Recommendations

Request international organizations to assist countries in drafting animal health policies on CSF and other transboundary animal diseases

Request international organizations to coordinate the participation of the private sector in respective countries so they could assist or even lead in the control/eradication of CSF.

Invite contributions from government bodies, training centers and academic institutions within countries that could assist in the delivery of animal health programs.

Slide 11

Recommendations

  • Specific country needs:

    - Need to strengthen capacity in the area of laboratory diagnosis in terms of provision of equipment and manpower training.

    - Explore possible funding for operational needs such as provision of reagents, vaccines, fieldwork and validation of laboratory diagnosis.

    - Study the economic impact of CSF in the respective countries and assess the cost effectiveness of proposed CSF control measures.

    - Request governments to develop or formulate national policies with respect to CSF control and/or eradication

    - Any vaccination scheme will include the provision to differentiate vaccinal from field virus isolate.

Slide 12

Recommendations

Factors listed as necessary requirements for a country to be designated as a center for CSF control and diagnosis:

  • Geography - a sub-regional laboratory center and epidemiology center will be selected from the national veterinary institutes. The centers must be strategically located within the region or subregion.

  • Laboratory center facilities - at par with international standards and manned by trained staff. The laboratory should be able to perform the full range of diagnostic test as specified in the OIE manual.

    - The host country must agree to their laboratory receiving samples from other countries.
    - The following institutes have been identified as meeting the above requirements:

    • National Institute of Animal Health, Thailand, (Southeast Asia)
    • National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, Republic of Korea (East Asia)
    • One of the Regional or the Central Disease Diagnostic Laboratory in India (South Asia).

Slide 13

Recommendations

  • Sub-regional center on epidemiology must be equipped with a working secretariat that would coordinate field surveillance activities and manage field and laboratory data with transparency.

    - The following agencies have been identified as meeting the above requirements:

    • Bureau of Animal Industry, Philippines
    • Department of Veterinary Services, Malaysia

  • Host country of either the epidemiology center or the laboratory or both must be willing to provide initial resources in maintaining the center.

Slide 14

Way Forward

  • The recommendations will be presented to regional bodies like APHCA, ASEAN, SAARC, SPC, JICA Thailand and OIE Tokyo for endorsement by the Chief Veterinary Officers attending the said regional meetings.

  • If endorsed, work proposals/plans will be drafted for funding and implementation

Thank you for your attention.......

Feed and food safety: updates and plans for 2005-2006
Presented by Carolyn Benigno (Animal Health Officer, FAO/RAP)

Slide 1

Feed And Food Safety:
Updates and Plans for 2005-2006

29th Session of APHCA
26 - 29 September 2005
Bali, Indonesia

Slide 2

Review of Activities

  • Survey on FFS Capacities

  • FAO/OIE Regional FFS Workshop, 19-22 July 2004

  • Recommendations on:

    • Capacity Building - risk assessment, equipped laboratories

    • Legislation - develop and implement FFS legistlation

    • International Cooperation - use of international standards and extend assistance to build capacity

    • Networking - develop an FFS network, coordinated surveillance, identify national institutes as regional collaborating center of FFS

Slide 3

Workshop Review

  • More exploratory and diagnostic

  • Needs further details

  • From the time of the workshop, several initiatives already put in place

    • Swiss assistance in Vietnam

    • FS in Lao and Cambodia

  • Need to make an inventory of these activities and see where APHCA can come in

Slide 4

FFS in the Region

  • Goal: To ensure that food supply is secure, wholesome (quality) and safe.

  • Action: A FFS expert will be recruited to conduct a consultation workshop that would assess the areas of concern the region needs to focus on. Topic threads will be presented and gaps identified.

Slide 5

Second Regional FFS Workshop

  • Objectives

    • To present and discuss issues connected to a part of the FFS topic thread where veterinarians have an important role to play

    • To assess the gaps that need to be addressed

    • To develop an FFS program on areas that need to be focused on.

  • Requisites

    • An understanding of skills in veterinary science, epidemiology and communication

Slide 6

Topic Threads

  • Understanding the overall framework in which food safety is managed and regulated at an international and domestic level

    • Food Safety Regulatory Framework (Global, National, Regional)

    • Risk Analysis and HACCP and how it is incorporated into the regulatory system

Slide 7

Topic Threads

  • Understanding the epidemiological aspects of important pathogens or potential pathogens in food of animal origin and how risk mitigation applies

    • Animal food borne pathogens of international and national concern

    • Emerging food borne pathogens

  • Introduction to newer diagnostic techniques

    • Detection of food borne pathogens

Slide 8

Topic threads

  • Learning from Models of national management programs for antibiotic resistance

  • Examining potential public health threats posed by presence of natural toxins in food of animal origin

  • Program development

Slide 9

Workshop Costs

  • Trainer/Facilitator (6 days work)

USD 4500

  • 15 Participants

22500

  • Supplies and Materials

3000

  • Total cost

USD 30,000

  • APHCA Session endorses this then we program this for early next year

Slide 10

Thank you.........

APHCA activities on BSE, WTO’s SPS agreement and veterinary public health
Presented by Vishnu Songkitti (Technical Assistant, FAO/RAP)

Slide 1

APHCA activities on BSE,
WTO’s SPS Agreement
and Veterinary Public Health

V. Songkitti, FAO-APHCA

Slide 2

BSE

The 3rd FAO-APHCA/OIE/DLD Hands-on Training Workshop on BSE Diagnosis and Surveillance was organized at the National Institute of Animal Health of the Thai Department of Livestock Development between 28 and 31 March 2005.

Participants were from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

Slide 3

BSE (cont.)

The hands-on training was focused on BSE diagnosis using Immunohistochemistry (IHC), ELISA and Western Blot techniques as well as lectures on the surveillance programmes in selected BSE-affected countries in Europe.

Slide 4

BSE (cont.)

The FAO-APHCA/OIE/Government of Japan Advanced Training on BSE Diagnosis and Surveillance will be organized at the National Institute of Animal Health of Japan in Tsukuba and Yokohama, between 30 November and 9 December 2005.

Participants will be invited from PR China, Rep. of Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand (countries with lab and ongoing activities on BSE/TSEs).

Slide 5

BSE (cont.)

The main objective of this advanced training is to develop and strengthen the network on BSE diagnosis and surveillance, using the modified techniques applicable to this region.

Slide 6

WTO’s SPS Agreement

The 5th FAO-APHCA/OIE/DLD Regional Workshop on WTO’s SPS Agreement was co-organized in collaboration with Free University of Berlin (FUB), and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University (FVM-CMU) at the FVM-CMU, between 15 and 19 August 2005.

16 participants plus 2 observers from 16 countries in the Region participated in the workshop.

Slide 7

WTO’s SPS Agreement (cont.)

This workshop fulfill its objective to provide information and train technical government officials in this Region on Risk Management and some part to Risk Communication in the context of WTO's SPS Agreement, in conjunction with the OIE International Animal Health Codes and Manuals, the FAO Codex Alimentarius and HACCP.

Slide 8

VPH

FAO-APHCA has collaborated (since 1997) with the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University (FVM-CMU), OIE-Tokyo Office and the FUB in the areas of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety.

Slide 9

VPH (cont.)

The Veterinary Public Health Center for Asia and the Pacific (VPH-CAP) was established at the CMU in October 2003 with technical assistance from the FUB as well as technical collaborations from FAO-APHCA and OIE-Tokyo Office.

Slide 10

VPH (cont.)

VPH-CAP will serve APHCA member countries in the focused areas of emerging zoonoses and food-borne diseases.
Module courses, workshops and short term trainings will be organized in collaboration with FAO-APHCA and OIE-Tokyo Office (where applicable) in the above areas.

Homepage: http://www.rc-vph.org

Slide 11

VPH (cont.)

MSc-VPH courses for APHCA countries:
This is a Joint programme by CMU and FUB (2 years’ course).
For the first course, 12 scholarships for students from APHCA countries were made available by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and the Thai Government. (Students will complete their study this year.)

14 students from APHCA countries have been recruited for the second course (2006-2007).

Slide 12

VPH (cont.)

FAO-APHCA will continue to collaborate with OIE-Tokyo Office, DLD, FVM-CMU and the other parties in organizing training courses and workshops on WTO’s SPS Agreements and subjects related to Veterinary Public Health as per needs and requirements of the APHCA members.

Slide 13

Thank you.

Report on strategic priorities for action of AnGR
Presented by Hans-Gerhard Wagner
(Senior Animal Production and Health Officer, FAO/RAP)

Slide 1

Report on Strategic Priorities for Action of AnGR

Prepared by FAO HQ
Presented by Hans-Gerhard Wagner
Senior Animal Production and Health Officer
FAO RAP

Slide 2

Intention for producing the RSPA

The Inter-governmental Technical Working Group in 2000 approved the concept of Priorities Action Report

  • to respond to the rapid erosion of Animal Genetic Resources and to promote better use of these resources;

  • to enable early identification of the most urgent actions and initiate their implementation and formally adopted, before the First Report SoW-AnGR will be completed.

The Commission in 2002 accepted the process for preparing the first Report SoW-AnGR on the basis of Country Reports, which should be also used to develop the report on Strategic Priorities for Action.

Slide 3

Content of the RSPA

as endorsed by the Commission (part of the outline of the SoW-AnGR)

The RSPA will include

  • a description of the problems, including a summary of relevant conclusions from the analysis of Country Reports;

  • identification of gaps and assessment of factors limiting the optimum utilization, development and conservation of AnGR; and

  • the need for follow-up action, including financial and technical assistance, policy development and awareness raising and education

Slide 4

Objectives of the RSPA

Objectives are

  • to propose policies and strategies for the conservation and sustainable utilization of AnGR at national, regional and global levels;

  • to assist countries in elaborating plans or programmes of priority action for sustainable use and conservation activities at the national level;

  • to propose appropriate and feasible measures to make the Global Strategy for the Management of FAnGR more effective; and

  • to focus on assisting countries in strengthening national capacities for management of animal genetic resources.

Slide 5

Producing the RSPA

April-October 2004:

Synthesis of priorities identified in 133 Country Reports and in the contributions from two non-governmental organizations submitted to FAO by June 2004

November 2004:

First draft presented to the Tenth Regular Session of the CGRFA

January-May 2005:

Compilation of an updated version based on 141 country reports

June 2005:

Internal and external review

21 June-24 July:

Revision based on criticism

2-4 August:

Revision in the regional facilitator meeting

Slide 6

Finalising the RSPA - next steps

August 2005:

Translation into French, Spanish, Russian?

September-December 2005:

Regional consultations

January 2006:

Final revision

End February 2006:

RSPA will become part of the First Report SoW-AnGR

16 May 2006

National Coordinator workshop

17-19 May

ITWG#4 in Rome: review of the SoW report

November 2006

CGRFA # 10

Slide 7

Result of review - structure of the revised RSPA

  • Preface (RSPA, Global Strategy)

  • An Introduction to Animal Genetic Resources

    • Farm Animal Genetic Diversity

    • Roles and values of Animal Genetic Resources

    • Driving Forces in the Livestock Sector - future challenges and issues

    • Assessment of major needs

Slide 8

Result of review - Structure of the revised RSPA

  • Inventory and characterization

    • Introduction

    • Assessment

    • Main area, Strategic Priorities and list of actions
      (these subchapter are repeated in each of the four chapters)

  • State of Utilization

  • State of Conservation

  • Institutions and Capacity Building

Slide 9

1. Improving the understanding of the status and characteristics of animal genetic resources to enable their sustainable use, development and conservation (5 SP*)

2. Enhancing the use and development of animal genetic resources in all relevant production systems as part of efforts to achieve food security and alleviate poverty (4 SP)

3. Conserving animal genetic resources to ensure their availability for future use and development in all production systems (5 SP)

4. Enhancing institutional development and capacity building to achieve the successful implementation of national programmes for animal genetic resources (9 SP)

*SP= Strategic Priorities

Slide 10

  • 4 Main Areas for Strategic Priorities (SP)

  • 23 Strategic Priorities,

  • 15 at national level, 8 at international level

  • 110 Actions (1-9 per SP)

Slide 11

Follow-up

  • Regional Consultations - electronic conference

    - China - Yang Yongdie
    - Malaysia - Adrien Raymond

    • Cambodia Dr. Suon Sotheoun
    • Indonesia Dr. Nusantara
    • Lao Dr. Bounthong Bouahom
    • Myanmar Dr. Than Daing
    • Philippines Dr, Paul Limson
    • Thailand Dr. V. Khumnirpetch

  • International Technical Conference Switzerland - Interlaken September 2007


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