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(APHCA 2005/09)

Speech of APHCA’s chairperson
Opening address by Dr Muhammad Afzal
APHCA Ex-Chairperson (2004 - 2005)

Honorable Chief Guest, Mr. Artha, Assistant to the Governor of Bali
Mr Mathur Riady, Director-General, Directorate General of Livestock Services, Indonesia
Mr Juan Lubroth, FAO Representative,
Mr Yoshiyuki Oketani, OIE Representative,
Participants and guests
Ladies and gentlemen

In my capacity as the APHCA Chairperson, I wish to extend the warmest welcome to all delegates and guests to the session and the workshop of the Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia Pacific - APHCA. I would like to welcome the Chief Guest - the Honorable Governor of Bali, Representative of FAO, APHCA colleagues and all guests who are here today. We are very happy to have you with us and we are looking forward to your inputs and contributions to the session and the workshop in our four days to come.

Dear APHCA colleagues and friends

As a normal practice, APHCA session and workshop are held every year in a different APHCA member countries and the most recent ones took place in Chiang Mai, Thailand, in September last year. This year, the Government of Indonesia has kindly accepted to host these meeting and workshop and we are grateful to the generosity given.

We are glad that APHCA, through its good and bad days, has been re-vitalized and will step into its third decade next year. We have noticed that the functions and the financial status of the Commission have improved tremendously and we thank to the APHCA Secretariat and all the members who contribute to this.

Distinguished scientists

The theme of the workshop for this year has been aptly selected as concern about the economic and public health issues pertaining to the Asian Avian Influenza crisis. We have with us this time esteemed academia and scientists who work in specialized technical areas relevant to the Avian Influenza. Beside our regular APHCA business session - which cover a wide range of animal production and health issues - this following 4 days will be a good opportunity for us to update ourselves and discuss on the future work plan to cope with the disease and its impacts in a concrete manner. Thus, we look forward to your contributions to the fruitful session and workshop. I may put a remark that this is for the first time in its history that the APHCA workshop forum is opened to over local 40 scientists and academia who are most welcomed to join us.

Dear colleagues

In conclusion, on behalf of APHCA, I would like to thank all the collaborators who have helped organize this event particularly FAO Animal Production and Health Division in Rome and the OIE who collaborate with us in organizing the workshop. Special thanks to the Government of Indonesia for hosting these events and for the organizational supports we have received.

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you.

Welcome speech
Opening address by Mr Mathur Riady
Director-General of Livestock Service of Indonesia

The Honorable Assistant Secretary Governor of Bali Province, Mr I Wayan Subagi Artha
Dr Afzal, APHCA Chairperson
Dr Juan Lubroth, FAO
Dr Oketani, OIE Regional Representative Tokyo
Distinguished Delegates and Observers
Ladies and Gentlemen:

Good Morning,
Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.

On behalf of the Directorate General of Livestock Services, I would like to warmly welcome all of you to Indonesia, especially to Denpasar, Bali, the island of God. I would take this opportunity to express my sincere appreciation to the Honorable Assistant Secretary Governor of Bali Province to attend and officially open the 29th Session of Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia Pacific (APHCA) and the FAO-APHCA/OIE Regional Avian Influenza Economic Assessment Workshop Today.

The Organizing Committee also wishes to thank the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) for the support on having Indonesia a chance to host such an important meeting of APHCA and avian influenza regional workshop. My appreciation is also extended to Regional Representative OIE Tokyo for the support in the implementation of this Meeting. Last but not least, I would like to thank the local organizing committee and others which I can not mention one by one for their support to the Meeting as well.

Distinguished Ladies and Gentlemen

THE 29th APHCA Session is conducted in Indonesia based on decision made during the 28th APHCA Session held in Pakistan in 2003. The 29th APHCA Session is attended by 14 out of 15 member countries of APHCA, 6 international organizations and 4 observer countries. As we are aware, the establishment of FAO-APHCA is to develop livestock as an integral part of agriculture which mainly focused on small farmers and I believe that the objective is still relevant to the current condition considering to the livestock development in the Asia region. However, the outbreak of animal diseases often hampers its development since limited knowledge and resources of farmers and governments as well to overcome the situation. It is therefore, the existence of FAO-APHCA becomes more important to support and promote livestock development in the region and to assist in the problem solving.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

As you might understand, the Asian region is now facing problem with the spread of avian influenza throughout the region. Indonesia, as you are aware, is facing the crucial moment in the last few months with the findings of avian influenza virus in human. Many efforts to control avian influenza have been implemented by the government with many problems and difficulties. The disease also causes a huge economic losses to the country. It is therefore, the Avian Influenza Regional Economic Assessment jointly organized by FAO-APHCA and OIE would be a valuable forum and opportunity to share experiences, ideas and help each other to overcome the problems arise related with avian influenza. As this workshop is very valuable for Indonesia as the host country, we invite observers from institutions related with control on avian influenza to gain better understanding on avian influenza control programme, I do hope the discussion in the workshop held tomorrow and the day after tomorrow would be a way to discuss better control of the disease in particular to prevent disease spread and avoid further economic losses.

Once again I wish to extend a warm and cordial welcome to all distinguished delegates, observers and participants who are attending the 29th APHCA Session and the FAO-APHCA/OIE Regional Avian Influenza Economic Assessment Workshop. During your stay, I wish you will have an enjoyable and fruitful time as Bali has many wonderful places of interest.

Finally, on behalf of the host country, I wish to apologize for any inconvenience that we may overlook during preparation and implementation of the Meeting.

Thank you.
Wassalamualaikum Wr. Wb.

Denpasar, 26 September 2005

Mathur Riady
Director General of Livestock Services
Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia.

Opening speech
Opening address by Juan Lubroth
Senior Officer and Head of the Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES), FAO/Rome

Dear APHCA delegates, Chief Guest - the Honourable I Wayan Subagi Artha, Assistant to the Governor of Bali, participants from the region, including the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and my FAO colleagues from the Regional Office in Bangkok and Headquarters.

Welcome all to APHCA’s 29th Session. I echo previous speakers in thanking the government of Indonesia for hosting the meeting and to Bali for the hospitality shown to us.

The avian influenza crisis makes a forum such as this ever more relevant. Transboundary animal diseases by their very nature require regional and international cooperation. Since the avian influenza crisis came to international attention, the world is correct in its concern. It is clear that this is not only an Asian problem, and as has been said since the beginning, no poultry producing country is safe from the ravages of avian influenza. We have never experienced highly pathogenic avian influenza on such a wide geographical scale affecting all poultry production systems and even witnessed the decimation of wildlife.

FAO has been coordinating and managing over 20 country and regional projects with the able assistance of donor countries and agencies (Australia, China, France Japan, USA, World Bank, and Asian Development Bank) and in the next few weeks we hope to obtain considerable more funding to the countries and the region from Germany, Finland, Switzerland, USA, and the European Union. In the past 18 month or so we have held some 120 workshops and sensitised or trained over 3700 people - veterinarians, microbiologists, inspectors, community leaders, producers, and breeders; undertaken several studies in the Region on socio-economic factors on avian influenza control, market chain analysis, human-animal health interface, and some incipient work on wildlife surveillance. Yet, you will agree, more is required. Fear that migratory birds can introduce the virus to distant lands stimulated the Director General of FAO to make additional funding available for prevention and early detection measures throughout southern Europe, Middle East and Africa.

Since the last APHCA session in Chiang Mai, Thailand, some important developments have occurred. In December 2004, the Director General established the Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases at FAO, following the EMPRES precepts of early warning and detection, early reaction, enabling research and coordination under the overall guidance of the Chief of FAO’s animal health service, whom has been named Chief Veterinary Officer of FAO. This new nomenclature places the service on par with the existing structures of national veterinary administration and establishes another strong link with the Director General of the OIE.

The FAO position to the international community is that avian influenza is - currently - a animal health problem of poultry production (duck, chicken, quail) and in order to avert a possible human pandemic, resources must be injected to eliminate the risk by controlling the disease at the source. To date, the commitment by governments to curb the disease is mixed, some countries have taken extraordinary and innovative measures to eliminate the virus from the poultry production sector, and others have not. Contingency planning and prevention in countries at risk is also mixed although we have had over 20 months warning. This FAO position has been echoed by the OIE and in certain circles of the WHO.

We have no indication today that swine are playing a role in the maintenance or spread of avian influenza, and concern that indiscriminate culling could occur makes little epidemiological sense. Monitoring of swine could be part of the active surveillance carried out by a veterinary service, but it cannot detract from early reporting and response of disease in poultry. There are five more confirmed human infections in Indonesia as of yesterday and a dozen more suspected. It is not tolerable that humans be the indicator species - focus on poultry must be heightened.

The Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases, GF-TADs, initiative by FAO and OIE has been fully endorsed by ASEAN and similar sub-Regional groups in the Americas - PAHO, IICA, OIRSA, the Standing Veterinary Committee of Mercosur, and accepted in principle by SAARC. Regional steering committees have been established for Asia and the Americas, and in October in Europe. Steering committees for GF-TADs for Africa and Middle East are programmed for the following months. A call for donors will likely be held in the first semester of 2006, and formation of the Regional Support Units around the world, the Global Early Warning System between FAO, OIE and WHO, the research programme, and the Global Secretariat.

However, the GF-TADs principles are already being applied to avian influenza projects, and for a classical swine fever, foot-and-mouth disease, and avian influenza for the Greater Mekong through support received from Asian Development Bank, and hopefully another project for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia and foot-and-mouth disease in the Southern African Development Community through funding by the European Commission.

I would like to close with a petition to the APHCA delegates that communication and recommendations include the concept Prevention should be considered an Emergency to establish contingency and emergency preparedness.

Thank you for your kind attention.

Opening speech
Opening address by Dr Yoshiyuki Oketani
OIE Deputy Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific

Honorable main guest, Mr I Wayan Subagi Artha, Assistant Governor,
Mr Mathur Riady, Director General,
Dr Afzal, Chairperson of APHCA,
Dr Juan Lubroth from FAO HQ in Rome,

Distinguished participants,
Ladies and gentlemen,

First of all, I would like to thank Indonesian Government authorities for their generosity to host this important meeting, for their efforts made in preparing for this meeting.

I would also like to welcome all the participants who are here to attend this meeting.

Delivering animal health activities through appropriate policies and mechanisms becomes a public good because economic and social benefits from these activities contribute to poverty reduction the regional and global market access and food safety are now clearly demonstrated. This is the main job of national veterinary services of the countries in the region, through working in close cooperation with producers, industry and private veterinary practitioners.

The OIE and the FAO jointly decided last year to focus their efforts on control of transboundary animal diseases and to create new synergies for that purpose.

The Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases (GF-TADs) is a facilitating mechanism which combines the work such as official information of animal diseases, setting up of technical standards, guidelines and mechanisms to strengthen capacity of national veterinary services with the work such as field projects for implementation of disease control measures.

The ultimate aim of the GF-TADs Programme is to improve protein food security, reduce poverty, safeguard the world livestock industry from repeated shocks of disease epidemics and promote safe trade.

The First Meeting of the Regional Steering Committee for Asia and the Pacific was hosted by the OIE Regional Representation for Asia and the Pacific (OIE Tokyo) in Tokyo, Japan last March and the Steering Committee identified important roles of those of the Steering Committee as well as the Permanent Secretariat of the GF-TADs Regional Steering Committee for Asia and the Pacific.

The Tokyo meeting was attended by the selected Chief Veterinary Officers from national governments of the member countries in the region and representatives from international, regional and donor organisations including OIE, FAO, WHO, World Bank, ASEAN, JICA, etc.

At the Tokyo meeting, discussions were made on the roles, duties and responsibilities of the relevant organisations in the region, which included the Permanent Secretariat of the Regional Steering Committee, Regional Specialised Organisations such as ASEAN and SAARC and Sub-Regional Support Units, Sub-Regional Epidemiological Centers and Sub-Regional Laboratory Networks/Leading Laboratories to be designated in South-East Asia (ASEAN countries), South Asia (SAARC countries) and East Asia, etc.

Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza is one of the priority transboundary animal diseases both in South East Asia (ASEAN countries) and in South Asia (SAARC countries).

Under such a condition, this meeting is quite important for further discussions of HPAI control in this region.

On this occasion, I do hope this important 29th Session of APHCA and OIE/FAO-APHCA Regional Avian Influenza Economic Assessment Workshop is successful and fruitful to further strengthen HPAI control measures and to obtain the eventual eradication of the disease in this region.

Thank you for your attention

Opening speech
Opening address by Dewa Beratha
Bali Governor, Indonesia

Om Swastiastu,
Honorable the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia,
Chairman, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen

Let us thank God Almighty, Ida Sang Hyang Widi Wasa since with His blessing we can gather this morning to attend the Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific (APHCA).

In this opportunity, let me welcome you all to Bali island. I hope the suasana in Bali could give you all the inspirations and pleasures so that the meeting will produce outputs for the improvement of livestock sector in the Asia Pasific region.

Distinguished guests,

On behalf of the people of Bali as well as the government of Bali, I would like to thank the Organizing Committee and participants who have chosen Bali for the venue of this important meeting. The meeting is very relevant with one priority program of the government of Bali which is to improve agriculture sector in general and in particular, livestock sub-sector.

More than that, issue raised in this meeting is in line with the need of Bali as a world tourist destination. Bali needs supply of qualified meat in order to fulfill the needs of Balinese as well as tourists.

In relation with livestock sub-sector, tourism is also very susceptible with the issue of animal disease spread. The findings of avian influenza cases in a number of province in Indonesia have implicated to tourism as well. Bali as a tourist destination area has been implemented some anticipation measures, among other temporarily stop entry of animals from Java island. This measure is considered necessary since tourism is closely related with animal disease issue in particular to zoonotic disease. If this happens, it will impact to tourism which in turn will be resulting to a negative image and subsequently decreasing the income of Bali.

Ladies and gentlemen,

I would like to conclude my speech with hope that this international meeting could produce support to the improvement of animal productivity in Indonesia, in particular in Bali island.

Thank you, Om Shanti, Shanti, Shanti, Om.

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